|Comune di Muro Lucano|
|Frazioni||Capodigiano, Casale San Giuliano, Le Marze, Pontegiacoia, Raitiello|
|• Mayor||Gerardo Mariani|
|• Total||125 km2 (48 sq mi)|
|Elevation||600 m (2,000 ft)|
|• Density||46/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||St. Gerard Majella|
|Saint day||September 2|
The city is situated on the site of the ancient Numistri, at the foot of the Apennines, the scene of a battle between Hannibal and Marcellus in the second Punic war.
The city of Muro Lucano is composed of the old town and the surrounding areas of Cappuccini to the north and Giardini (meaning gardens) to the south. It is 51 kilometres (32 mi) from Potenza, the chief city of the province. Muro Lucano rises 650 metres (2,130 ft) above sea level, occupies a surface area of 125.7 square kilometres (48.5 sq mi) and in 2005 had a population of approximately 6,000. The population, which was over 10,000 in the 1950s, has been declining steadily through the years due to social changes, lack of local work and large scale emigration. There are about 2,200 families with an average of close to 2.7 people per family.
The territory of the municipality is between 300 and 1,450 metres (980 and 4,760 ft) above sea level. The city lies on a slope over the Muro ravine, with quaint houses built on terraces. The name of the city comes from the medieval wall (in Italian muro) that surrounded the medieval centre.
Murese, the city's dialect, is spoken only in the immediate vicinity and can be difficult for Italian speakers to comprehend. It is believed to have originated from the Oscan language.
- Anne Bancroft - actress
- Salvatore Capezio - shoemaker
- Joan I of Naples - queen
- Antonio Rosario Mennonna - prelate
- Gerard Majella - catholic saint
- Joseph Stella - painter
- Cristian Zaccardo - footballer
Twin towns and municipalities
Media related to Muro Lucano at Wikimedia Commons