Muroidea

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Muroids
Temporal range: Middle Eocene – Recent
Feldmaus Microtus arvalis.jpg
Common vole (Microtus arvalis)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Suborder: Myomorpha
Superfamily: Muroidea
Illiger, 1811
Families

Platacanthomyidae
Spalacidae
Calomyscidae
Nesomyidae
Cricetidae
Muridae

The Muroidea are a large superfamily of rodents, including mice, rats, voles, hamsters, gerbils, and many other relatives. They occupy a vast variety of habitats on every continent except Antarctica. Some authorities have placed all members of this group into a single family, Muridae, due to difficulties in determining how the subfamilies are related to one another. The following taxonomy is based on recent well-supported molecular phylogenies.[1]

The muroids are classified in six families, 19 subfamilies, around 280 genera, and at least 1750 species.

Taxonomy[edit]

Phylogeny[edit]

5 main clades are recognized by Jansa & Weksler (2004).[2]

Together, Muroidea and its sister group Dipodoidea form the suborder Myomorpha.

The following phylogeny of more than 70 Muroidea genera, based on molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Interphotoreceptor Retinoid Binding Protein (IRBP) gene, is from Jansa & Weksler (2004: 264).[2] Although Platacanthomyidae was not analyzed by Jansa & Weksler (2004), a study by Fabre et al. 2012[3] suggests that it is the most basal lineage of Muroidea.

Muroidea 


Platacanthomyidae[3]



Spalacidae 

Spalacinae 

Spalax



Myospalacinae 

Myospalax


Rhizomyinae 


Tachyoryctes



Rhizomys





Eumuroida 

Calomyscidae 

Calomyscus




Nesomyidae 



Hypogeomys




Nesomys



Brachyuromys







Monticolomys



Macrotarsomys





Brachytarsomys




Gymnuromys




Voalavo



Eliurus








Petromyscinae 

Petromyscus


Mystromyinae 

Mystromys






Cricetomys



Beamys





Saccostomus




Steatomys



Dendromus







Muridae 


Lophiomyinae 

Lophiomys



Gerbillinae 


Tatera



Meriones



Acomyinae 


Lophuromys




Deomys



Acomys






Murinae 


Phloeomys





Micromys




Maxomys




Niviventer




Sundamys



Rattus








Rhynchomys




Otomys




Aethomys




Rhabdomys



Grammomys







Tokudaia




Mus




Mastomys




Praomys



Hylomyscus











Cricetidae 

Cricetinae 


Cricetulus




Phodopus



Mesocricetus





Tylomyinae 


Tylomys



Nyctomys



Neotominae 


Neotoma




Scotinomys



Peromyscus





Arvicolinae 


Microtus




Eothenomys



Clethrionomys




Sigmodontinae 



Sigmodon



Rheomys






Scapteromys



Akodon





Reithrodon




Thomasomys



Rhipidomys






Zygodontomys



Scolomys




Oryzomys




Oligoryzomys



Nectomys








Delomys




Phyllotis



Calomys







Juliomys



Irenomys





Wiedomys




Notiomys



Abrothrix















References[edit]

  1. ^ Steppan, S.; Adkins, R.; Anderson, J. (2004). "Phylogeny and Divergence-Date Estimates of Rapid Radiations in Muroid Rodents Based on Multiple Nuclear Genes". Systematic Biology. 53 (4): 533–553. doi:10.1080/10635150490468701. PMID 15371245. 
  2. ^ a b Jansa, S.A.; Weksler, M. (2004). "Phylogeny of muroid rodents: relationships within and among major lineages as determined by IRBP gene sequences". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 31 (1): 256–276. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2003.07.002. PMID 15019624. 
  3. ^ a b Fabre; et al. (2012). "A glimpse on the pattern of rodent diversification: a phylogenetic approach". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 12: 88. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-88. PMC 3532383Freely accessible. PMID 22697210. Retrieved 30 December 2015.