Muroidea

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Muroids
Temporal range: Middle Eocene - Recent
Feldmaus Microtus arvalis.jpg
Common vole (Microtus arvalis)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Synapsida
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Suborder: Myomorpha
Superfamily: Muroidea
Illiger, 1811
Families

Platacanthomyidae
Spalacidae
Calomyscidae
Nesomyidae
Cricetidae
Muridae

The Muroidea are a large superfamily of rodents, including mice, rats, voles, hamsters, gerbils, and many other relatives. They occupy a vast variety of habitats on every continent except Antarctica. Some authorities have placed all members of this group into a single family, Muridae, due to difficulties in determining how the subfamilies are related to one another. The following taxonomy is based on recent well-supported molecular phylogenies.[1]

The muroids are classified in six families, 19 subfamilies, around 280 genera, and at least 1300 species.

Taxonomy[edit]

Phylogeny[edit]

5 main clades are recognized by Jansa & Weksler (2004).[2]

Together, Muroidea and its sister group Dipodoidea form the suborder Myomorpha.

The following phylogeny of more than 70 Muroidea genera, based on molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Interphotoreceptor Retinoid Binding Protein (IRBP) gene, is from Jansa & Weksler (2004: 264).[2] Although Platacanthomyidae was not analyzed by Jansa & Weksler (2004), a study by Fabre et al. 2012[3] suggests that it is the most basal lineage of Muroidea.


Muroidea 

Platacanthomyidae[3]



Spalacidae 
Spalacinae 

Spalax



Myospalacinae 

Myospalax


Rhizomyinae 

Tachyoryctes



Rhizomys





Eumuroida 
Calomyscidae 

Calomyscus




Nesomyidae 


Hypogeomys




Nesomys



Brachyuromys







Monticolomys



Macrotarsomys





Brachytarsomys




Gymnuromys




Voalavo



Eliurus








Petromyscinae 

Petromyscus


Mystromyinae 

Mystromys






Cricetomys



Beamys





Saccostomus




Steatomys



Dendromus







Muridae 

Lophiomyinae 

Lophiomys



Gerbillinae 

Tatera



Meriones



Acomyinae 

Lophuromys




Deomys



Acomys






Murinae 

Phloeomys





Micromys




Maxomys




Niviventer




Sundamys



Rattus








Rhynchomys




Otomys




Aethomys




Rhabdomys



Grammomys







Tokudaia




Mus




Mastomys




Praomys



Hylomyscus











Cricetidae 
Cricetinae 

Cricetulus




Phodopus



Mesocricetus





Tylomyinae 

Tylomys



Nyctomys



Neotominae 

Neotoma




Scotinomys



Peromyscus





Arvicolinae 

Microtus




Eothenomys



Clethrionomys




Sigmodontinae 


Sigmodon



Rheomys






Scapteromys



Akodon





Reithrodon




Thomasomys



Rhipidomys






Zygodontomys



Scolomys




Oryzomys




Oligoryzomys



Nectomys








Delomys




Phyllotis



Calomys







Juliomys



Irenomys





Wiedomys




Notiomys



Abrothrix
















References[edit]

  1. ^ Steppan, S.; Adkins, R.; Anderson, J. (2004). "Phylogeny and Divergence-Date Estimates of Rapid Radiations in Muroid Rodents Based on Multiple Nuclear Genes". Systematic Biology. 53 (4): 533–553. doi:10.1080/10635150490468701. PMID 15371245. 
  2. ^ a b Jansa, S.A.; Weksler, M. (2004). "Phylogeny of muroid rodents: relationships within and among major lineages as determined by IRBP gene sequences". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 31 (1): 256–276. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2003.07.002. PMID 15019624. 
  3. ^ a b Fabre; et al. (2012). "A glimpse on the pattern of rodent diversification: a phylogenetic approach". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 12: 88. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-88. PMC 3532383Freely accessible. PMID 22697210. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  • Jansa, S. A.; Giarla, T. C.; Lim, B. K. (2009). "The Phylogenetic Position of the Rodent Genus Typhlomys and the Geographic Origin of Muroidea". Journal of Mammalogy. 90 (5): 1083. doi:10.1644/08-MAMM-A-318.1. 
  • Jansa, S.A.; Weksler, M. (2004). "Phylogeny of muroid rodents: relationships within and among major lineages as determined by IRBP gene sequences". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 31 (1): 256–276. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2003.07.002. PMID 15019624. 
  • Michaux, J.; Reyes, A.; Catzeflis, F. (2001). "Evolutionary history of the most speciose mammals: Molecular phylogeny of muroid rodents". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 18 (11): 2017–2031. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a003743. PMID 11606698. 
  • Musser, G. G. and M. D. Carleton. 1993. Family Muridae. pp. 501–755 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.
  • Musser, G.G.; Carleton, M.D. (2005). "Superfamily Muroidea". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 894–1531. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  • Norris, R. W.; Zhou, K.; Zhou, C.; Yang, G.; William Kilpatrick, C.; Honeycutt, R. L. (2004). "The phylogenetic position of the zokors (Myospalacinae) and comments on the families of muroids (Rodentia)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 31 (3): 972–978. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2003.10.020. PMID 15120394.