|This is an old revision of this page, as edited by Yobot at 13:38, 29 March 2013 (→Famous people: WP:CHECKWIKI error fixes using AWB (8991)). The present address (URL) is a permanent link to this revision, which may differ significantly from the .|
This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
View of Muroran Station area and Mount Sokuryo
|Location of Iburi Subprefecture in Hokkaido|
Location of Iburi Subprefecture in Hokkaido
|Prefecture||Hokkaido (Iburi Subprefecture)|
|• Mayor||Takeshi Aoyama (since May 2011)|
|• Total||80.65 km2 (31.14 sq mi)|
(February 29, 2012)
|• Density||1,162.01/km2 (3,009.6/sq mi)|
|• Tree||Japanese Rowan|
|• Bird||Coal Tit|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (JST)|
|City hall address||1-2 Saiwaichō, Muroran-shi, Hokkaido|
The origin of Muroran's name is derived from the Ainu word "Mo Ruerani" that means "the bottom of a little slope". The little slope, in front of the former Senkai Temple in Sakimori-cho, is noted in connection with the name of Muroran.
In 1892, the Port of Muroran was opened for the wooden bridge construction at Kaigan (former Tokikaramoi); at the same time, the main road began construction from Hakodate to Sapporo as the first step of Hokkaido Colonization Plan.
With the opening of a ship route from Muroran to Mori and railroad extension to Iwamizawa, Muroran's municipality was started on August 1, 1922 as the core of the major land and sea traffic in the pioneer era of Hokkaidō. Since then, Muroran has been developing as an important transportation hub and a center of the steel industry. This unfortunately earned the town's industrial plants a bombardment by some of the newest American battleships in July 1945, in the closing days of World War II.
Today, there are large cement factories, steel mills, oil refineries, and shipyards clustered around the port of Muroran.
Muroran features an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), a climate type that is very rare in Japan. Despite it being located on Hokkaido, Muroran typically does not see the very cold winters that the majority of the island is known for. Muroran does experience significant snowfall in the course of the year, averaging roughly 210 cm (83 inches) of snow per year. Summers in Muroran are mild by Japanese standards, not nearly as hot as summers in other Japanese cities. Average high temperatures in August, the city’s warmest month, is around 24 C.
|Climate data for Muroran (1981-2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||0.3
|Average low °C (°F)||−4.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||54.9
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||65
|Average snowy days||28.7||24.9||20.2||4.8||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.7||11.0||24.1||114.5|
|Average relative humidity (%)||70||71||72||75||79||87||90||88||81||72||69||69||77|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||89.7||121.9||181.6||194.2||194.1||156.5||128.0||143.0||167.8||170.2||105.0||74.4||1,726.4|
|Source: Japan Meteorological Agency|
- Hakucho Bridge spans the Port of Muroran and is the largest suspension bridge in eastern Japan.
- Itanki Beach
Muroran holds eight specific scenic sights called Muroran-Hakkei (室蘭八景). The most famous of them is the Earth Cape (地球岬 chikyū misaki).
There are five JR Hokkaido stations in Muroran, starting from Higashi Muroran and ending in downtown Muroran, which can be used to access both Hakodate to the South West, and Sapporo to the North East.
- Muroran Institute of Technology (national university)
- Bunka Women's University Muroran Junior College
- Muroran Ohtani High School
- Muroran Shimizugaoka High School
- Muroran Sakae High School
This section does not cite any sources. (July 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Natsumi Abe - idol, singer, actress. Hello! Project soloist. former Morning Musume member.
- Asami Abe - singer, actress. Younger sister of Natsumi Abe.
- Kaori Iida - singer. Hello! Project soloist. former Morning Musume member.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Muroran, Hokkaido.|