Muroto in 1932
|Builders:||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries|
|Operators:||Imperial Japanese Navy|
|Built:||1918 – 1919|
|In commission:||1918 – 1944|
|Length:||105.16 m (345 ft 0 in) Lpp|
|Beam:||15.24 m (50 ft 0 in)|
|Draught:||7.06 m (23 ft 2 in)|
|Capacity:||6,000 tons coal|
The Muroto-class colliers (室戸型給炭艦, Muroto-gata Kyūtankan) were a class of collier of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), serving from roughly the end of World War I into World War II. Two vessels were built in 1918-19 under the Eight-four fleet plan.
- In 1917, World War I was stagnant. The lengthy war led to an increase in shipping and a shortage of merchant ships.
- The IJN utilized steamship companies to perform coal transportation duties. However, this expedient was very costly. The IJN decided to build new colliers under the Eight-four fleet plan.
- Their design was ordinary, because the IJN did not impose any special requirements on them.
- In the 1920s, they engaged in coal transportation duties.
- In February 1932, the Muroto was remodeled, becoming an auxiliary hospital ship. She was refitted as a supply ship in 1941.
- In World War II, the value of coal as fuel fell. The ships engaged in transporting goods and troops.
Ships in class
|Muroto (室戸)||Mitsubishi, Kōbe Shipyard||4 July 1918||23 October 1918||7 December 1918||Sunk by USS Sea Dog north of Amami Ōshima on 22 October 1944.|
|Noshima (野島)||Mitsubishi, Kōbe Shipyard||16 July 1918||3 February 1919||31 March 1919||Sunk during the Battle of the Bismarck Sea on 3 March 1943.|
- 15 December 1917, Administrative order No. 147, Named one transport vessel., Minister's Secretariat, Ministry of the Navy of Japan.
- Monthly Ships of the World, Special issue Vol. 47, "Auxiliary Vessels of the Imperial Japanese Navy", "Kaijinsha"., (Japan), March 1997
- The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No. 34, "Japanese Auxiliary vessels", "Ushio Shobō". (Japan), December 1979
- Series 100 year histories from Meiji Era, Vol. 180, Histories of Naval organizations #8, Author: Ministry of the Navy, original plot in January 1940, reprinted in October 1971
- IJN Nojima: Tabular Record of Movement, <http://www.combinedfleet.com/NojimaS_t.htm>
- IJN Muroto: Tabular Record of Movement, <http://www.combinedfleet.com/Muroto_t.htm>