Murphy, Idaho

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Murphy, Idaho
Census-designated place
Location of Murphy in Owyhee County, Idaho.
Location of Murphy in Owyhee County, Idaho.
Murphy, Idaho is located in Idaho
Murphy, Idaho
Murphy, Idaho
Location within the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 43°13′06″N 116°33′08″W / 43.21833°N 116.55222°W / 43.21833; -116.55222Coordinates: 43°13′06″N 116°33′08″W / 43.21833°N 116.55222°W / 43.21833; -116.55222
Country United States
State Idaho
County Owyhee
Area
 • Total 3.839 sq mi (9.94 km2)
 • Land 3.839 sq mi (9.94 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,820 ft (860 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 97
 • Density 25/sq mi (9.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP codes 83650
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-55720

Murphy is an unincorporated village in, and county seat of, Owyhee County, Idaho, United States.[1] It is among the smallest of county seats nationwide, with a population as of the 2010 census of 97.[2] [3] Murphy is part of the Boise City–Nampa, Idaho Metropolitan Statistical Area. Murphy is also located within the census-designated place bearing its name.

History[edit]

Murphy developed around a railhead of the Boise, Nampa and Owyhee Railroad built in 1899. The state legislature selected the town as county seat in 1934, succeeding Silver City (which was located in the Owyhee Mountains and had been in decline; it is now defunct). The railroad operated until 1947. Murphy is the home of the Owyhee County Historical Museum and Library.

The community was named after Cornelius "Con" Murphy, a crew boss with the Boise, Nampa and Owyhee Railroad.

View looking northwest from Murphy airport toward Route 78

Geography[edit]

Murphy is located at 43°13′06″N 116°33′08″W / 43.21833°N 116.55222°W / 43.21833; -116.55222,[4] at an elevation of 2,820 feet (860 m) above sea level; it is 25 miles (40 km) south of Nampa.

Airstrip[edit]

Murphy's airstrip is situated immediately northeast of the community, without a control tower. Its 2,500-foot (760 m) asphalt runway is oriented NW-SE (12/30),[5] parallel with State Highway 78. The elevation drops 60 feet (18 m) in the northwest (30) direction, from 2,855 to 2,795 feet.

Historical population
Census Pop.
190080
191010227.5%
192015047.1%
193075−50.0%
195050
1960500.0%
1970100100.0%
198015050.0%
19901500.0%
201097
source:[6][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 23 March 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Spokesman-Review - 2010 census - Murphy, Idaho - accessed 2011-12-12
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ AirNav.com - airport information - Murphy, Idaho - accessed 2011-12-12
  6. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 96.

External links[edit]