Murray County, Minnesota

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Murray County, Minnesota
Murray County Government Center.JPG
Murray County Government Center in Slayton, Minnesota
Map of Minnesota highlighting Murray County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedMay 23 (created)
June 17, 1872 (organized)
Named forWilliam Pitt Murray
SeatSlayton
Largest citySlayton
Area
 • Total720 sq mi (1,865 km2)
 • Land705 sq mi (1,826 km2)
 • Water15 sq mi (39 km2), 2.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)8,276
 • Density11.8/sq mi (4.6/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.murray-countymn.com

Murray County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. The population was 8,725 at the 2010 United States Census.[1] Its county seat is Slayton.[2]

History[edit]

In 1853 the Minnesota Territory legislature created Blue Earth County from unorganized Dakota Territory lands. In 1855 the legislature partitioned a portion of western Blue Earth to create Brown County. Then on 23 May 1857, a portion of Brown was partitioned off to create Murray County, although it was not organized at that time. On 17 June 1872 the county government was effected, with Currie, which had been founded that same year, as county seat. The county was named for William Pitt Murray (1825-1910), a prominent civic and political figure in Minnesota during its nascent era.

Also in 1872 the township of Center was platted (so named for its central position in the county). This settlement grew rapidly, and its residents soon began agitating to have the county seat moved there.[3] In 1882 the town was renamed as Slayton, and a county vote changed the county seat to Slayton effective 1 June 1889.[4]

In the history of record keeping, Minnesota has been struck by two F-5 tornadoes, and both occurred in Murray County: the Chandler-Lake Wilson Tornado (June 16, 1992) and the Tracy Tornado (June 13, 1968) that began in Murray County before crossing north into Lyon County.

Geography[edit]

The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, dotted with lakes and ponds, with all available area devoted to agriculture.[5] The terrain slopes to the south and east. However, its highest elevation occurs on Buffalo Ridge, a promontory extending about two miles along the crest of the Coteau des Prairies in central Chanarambie Township. The bluff rises a few hundred feet above the adjacent valleys.[4] The county has a total area of 720 square miles (1,900 km2), of which 705 square miles (1,830 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (2.1%) is water.[6]

The Mississippi-Missouri watershed divide runs through the western part of the county, near Chandler, along Buffalo Ridge. The county's highest point is on that ridge, at 1,920' ASL.[7]

Soils of Murray County [8]
Soils of Lake Shetek State Park area

Major highways[edit]

Airports[5][edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

  • Badger Lake State Wildlife Management Area
  • Bergman State Wildlife Management Area
  • Big Slough State Wildlife Management Area
  • Buffalo Lake State Wildlife Management Area
  • Chandler State Wildlife Management Area
  • County Line State Wildlife Management Area
  • Current Lake State Wildlife Management Area
  • Great Oasis State Wildlife Management Area
  • Haberman State Wildlife Management Area
  • Hjermstad Lake State Wildlife Management Area
  • Irruption State Wildlife Management Area
  • Klinker State Wildlife Management Area
  • Lake Shetek State Park
  • Lange State Wildlife Management Area
  • Leeds State Wildlife Management Area
  • Lowville State Wildlife Management Area
  • Mason State Wildlife Management Area
  • McCord-Laible State Wildlife Management Area
  • Nelson State Wildlife Management Area
  • Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge
  • Peters State Wildlife Management Area
  • Phelan State Wildlife Management Area
  • Reinhold State Wildlife Management Area
  • Rupp State Wildlife Management Area
  • Ruthton State Wildlife Management Area
  • Schoeberl State Wildlife Management Area
  • Shetek State Wildlife Management Area
  • Sweetman State Wildlife Management Area
  • Tutt State Wildlife Management Area
  • Van Eck State Wildlife Management Area

Lakes[5][edit]

  • Bear Lake (drained)
  • Bloody Lake
  • Buffalo Lake
  • Corabelle Lake
  • Current Lake
  • Fox Lake
  • Fulda First Lake
  • Iron Lake
  • Julia Lake (part)
  • Lake Louisa
  • Lake Maria
  • Lake Sarah
  • Lake Shetek
  • Lake Wilson
  • Lime Lake (formerly known as Lizzard Lake and Lake St. Rose)[9]
  • Long Lake (part)
  • North Badger Lake
  • Round Lake
  • Smith Lake
  • South Badger Lake
  • Summit Lake
  • Talcot Lake (part)

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
186029
1870209620.7%
18803,6041,624.4%
18906,69285.7%
190011,91178.0%
191011,755−1.3%
192013,63116.0%
193013,9022.0%
194015,0608.3%
195014,801−1.7%
196014,743−0.4%
197012,508−15.2%
198011,507−8.0%
19909,660−16.1%
20009,165−5.1%
20108,725−4.8%
Est. 20188,276[10]−5.1%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2018[1]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 9,165 people, 3,722 households, and 2,601 families in the county. The population density was 13/sqmi (5.02/km²). There were 4,357 housing units at an average density of 6.18/sqmi (2.39/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.34% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 1.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 47.3% were of German, 12.9% Norwegian, 12.5% Dutch and 5.1% Swedish ancestry.

There were 3,722 households out of which 29.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.50% were married couples living together, 4.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.94.

The county population contained 25.00% under the age of 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 24.70% from 45 to 64, and 21.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,966, and the median income for a family was $40,893. Males had a median income of $27,101 versus $19,636 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,936. About 6.30% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.40% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

In the past, Murray County presented a balanced precinct, but in the past decade has become Republican-oriented. In 56% of national elections since 1980, the county selected the Republican Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 63.7% 2,974 27.7% 1,295 8.6% 399
2012 52.5% 2,504 45.3% 2,160 2.2% 103
2008 48.2% 2,320 48.7% 2,345 3.1% 148
2004 54.4% 2,719 44.4% 2,218 1.2% 61
2000 50.6% 2,407 44.0% 2,093 5.3% 253
1996 39.2% 1,907 44.6% 2,173 16.2% 789
1992 30.9% 1,609 38.2% 1,993 30.9% 1,611
1988 44.4% 2,316 54.5% 2,840 1.1% 56
1984 49.9% 2,780 49.2% 2,741 1.0% 54
1980 48.6% 3,004 43.9% 2,714 7.6% 468
1976 40.7% 2,605 57.6% 3,685 1.7% 109
1972 49.9% 2,959 48.8% 2,893 1.3% 75
1968 49.4% 2,906 45.2% 2,662 5.4% 320
1964 37.8% 2,325 62.1% 3,822 0.1% 5
1960 52.6% 3,357 47.2% 3,009 0.2% 11
1956 54.6% 3,261 45.1% 2,695 0.3% 15
1952 65.2% 4,054 34.5% 2,145 0.4% 24
1948 34.8% 1,951 64.2% 3,594 1.0% 57
1944 50.7% 2,585 48.9% 2,495 0.4% 22
1940 48.5% 3,044 51.0% 3,203 0.5% 34
1936 27.3% 1,601 67.1% 3,926 5.6% 328
1932 28.2% 1,314 70.1% 3,264 1.7% 80
1928 55.3% 2,602 44.1% 2,078 0.6% 29
1924 45.8% 2,034 7.5% 334 46.7% 2,073
1920 79.2% 3,270 16.9% 698 4.0% 163
1916 46.6% 1,137 48.9% 1,193 4.4% 108
1912 17.2% 388 34.3% 775 48.5% 1,095
1908 60.3% 1,293 35.5% 762 4.2% 90
1904 70.9% 1,464 26.0% 537 3.2% 65
1900 60.7% 1,358 36.5% 816 2.9% 64
1896 52.3% 1,204 45.8% 1,054 2.0% 46
1892 36.9% 586 32.6% 517 30.5% 485

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Early W. Murray Co. MN Hist., pp. 76-77, retrieved August 3, 2007
  4. ^ a b Upham, Warren. Minnesota Geographic Names (1920), pp. 364-370 (accessed 19 April 2019)
  5. ^ a b c d Murray County MN Google Maps (accessed 19 April 2019)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  7. ^ "Buffalo Ridge, Minnesota". Retrieved 24 June 2013.
  8. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 69-70. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  9. ^ Murray County Minnesota - Lime Lake Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved August 3, 2007
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 October 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°01′N 95°46′W / 44.02°N 95.76°W / 44.02; -95.76