Murray loop bridge
One end of the faulted cable is connected through a pair of resistors to the voltage source. Also a null detector is connected. The other end of the cable is shorted. The bridge is brought to balance by changing the values of RB1 and RB2, which is achieved when:
which is equivalent to:
The value of resistance Rx is proportional the length Lx, thus the location of the fault can be calculated:
where L is the total length of the cable under test - a value proportional to Rg.
The method assumes a single fault exists, of low resistance compared with the undamaged cable insulation resistance, and that the cable conductors have uniform resistance per unit length.
The similar Varley loop uses fixed resistors for RB1 and RB2, and inserts a variable resistor in the faulted leg. Test sets for cable testing can be connected for either bridge technique. If the fault resistance is high, the sensitivity of the Murray bridge is reduced and the Varley loop may be more suitable.
- http://sciencelinks.jp/j-east/article/200324/000020032403A0828577.php Archived February 17, 2012, on Wayback Machine.
- https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/ieejpes/123/11/123_11_1411/_pdf Development of Murray Loop Bridge for High Induced Voltage (PDF) [2509K] (Japanese)
- Latimer Clark, Robert Sabine Electrical tables and formulæ: for use of telegraph inspectors and operators, E. & F.N. Spon, 1871 pp. 41-44