Murraya paniculata

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"Orange jessamine" redirects here. This common name can also refer to Cestrum aurantiacum.
Murraya paniculata
Murraya paniculata line draing.gif
Line drawing of Murraya paniculata, showing flowers and fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Murraya
Species: M. paniculata
Binomial name
Murraya paniculata
(L.) Jack
Synonyms[1]
  • Camunium exoticum (L.) Kuntze
  • Chalcas cammuneng Burm.f.
  • Chalcas exotica (L.) Millsp.
  • Chalcas intermedia M.Roem.
  • Chalcas japanensis Lour.
  • Chalcas paniculata L.
  • Chalcas sumatrana M.Roem.
  • Connarus foetens Blanco
  • Connarus santaloides Blanco
  • Murraya exotica L.
  • Murraya omphalocarpa Hayata

Murraya paniculata is a tropical, evergreen plant native to Southeast Asia and China.[2][3][4] bearing small, white, scented flowers, which is grown as an ornamental tree or hedge. Murraya is closely related to Citrus, and bears small orange to red fruit resembling kumquats, though some cultivars do not set fruit.

Common and local names[edit]

Some of the common names include

Orange jessamine, Jasmine orange,Chinese box, mock orange, mock lime, satinwood or Lakeview jasmine (mainly in Florida)

Campeche, México: Limonaria[6]

M. paniculata

Description[edit]

M. paniculata in flower pots
Fruit of M. paniculata

Orange Jessamine is a small, tropical, evergreen tree or shrub growing up to 7 m tall. The plant flowers throughout the year. Its leaves are glabrous and glossy, occurring in 3-7 oddly pinnate leaflets which are elliptic to cuneate-obovate to rhombic. Flowers are terminal, corymbose, few-flowered, dense and fragrant. Petals are 12–18 mm long, recurved and white (or fading cream). The fruit of Murraya paniculata is fleshy, oblong-ovoid, coloured red to orange,[8] and grows up to 1 inch in length.[9]

Range[edit]

M. paniculata is a native of South and Southeast Asia, China and Australasia. It is naturalised in southern United States.

Uses[edit]

Traditionally, Murraya paniculata is used both in traditional medicine as an analgesic and for wood (for tool handles).

In the West, Murraya paniculata is cultured as an ornamental tree or hedge because of its hardiness, wide range of soil tolerance (M. paniculata may grow in alkaline, clayey, sandy, acidic and loamy soils), and is suitable for larger hedges. The plant flowers throughout the year and produces small, fragrant flower clusters which attract bees, while the fruits attract small frugivorous birds.[9]

Honey bee farms have been known to plant Orange Jessamine near bee hives[citation needed]. Serving not only as food for the bees but as protection from harsh winds. Honey collected from bee hive colonies that collect pollen from orange jessamines, have a tangy sweet orange undertone[citation needed].

Propagation[edit]

The Orange Jessamine is sexually propagated by its seeds. The fruits are eaten by birds, who then pass the seeds out in their stool. It may also be artificially propagated by softwood cuttings.[9]

Diseases[edit]

M. paniculata is vulnerable to soil nematodes, scales, sooty mold and whiteflies.[9]

M. paniculata is the preferred host to the insect pest Diaphorina citri, the citrus psyllid. This psyllid is the vector for the citrus greening disease.[10]

Potential medicinal uses[edit]

The crude ethanolic extract of leaves of Murraya paniculata has antidiarrhoeal, antinociceptive,[11] anti-inflammatory [12] and analgesic activity[13] Yuehchukene, a dimeric indole alkaloid, can be extracted from the root.

Notes and references[edit]

Footnotes

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "World Economic Plants: A Standard Reference, Second Edition - John H. Wiersema, Blanca León - Google Books". Books.google.com.au. 2013-03-20. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  3. ^ "Weeds Australia - Weed Identification - Murraya". Weeds.org.au. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 2, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Murraya paniculata - Kamini". Flowersofindia.net. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  6. ^ http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/monografia.php?l=3&t=limonaria&id=7414
  7. ^ "Nguyệt quới". Hue University. Retrieved 14 November 2015. 
  8. ^ Welsh, 1998; pp 256
  9. ^ a b c d Gilman, Edward F. Factsheet FPS-416, October 1999; University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences; from "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-06-28.  retrieved on 28 June 2007
  10. ^ retrieved on 28 June 2007
  11. ^ "Antinociceptive and bioactivity of leaves of Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack, Rutaceae. Sharker S.Md., Shahid I.J., Hasanuzzaman Md. Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy. 19 (3) (pp 746-748), 2009.
  12. ^ Rahman M.A., Hasanuzzaman M., Uddin N., Shahid I.Z.,Antidiarrhoeal and anti-inflammatory activities of Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack." Pharmacologyonline. 3 (pp 768-776), 2010.
  13. ^ "Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack: A Potential Plant for Treatment of Toothache". symbiosisonlinepublishing.com. Retrieved 2018-03-20. 

References

  • Welsh, S. L. 1998. Flora Societensis: A summary revision of the flowering plants of the Society Islands E.P.S. Inc., Orem, Utah.