Murrumbeena, Victoria

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Murrumbeena
MelbourneVictoria
Murrumbeena Neerim Road.jpg
Shops on Neerim Road, Murrumbeena's main street
Murrumbeena is located in Melbourne
Murrumbeena
Murrumbeena
Coordinates 37°53′56″S 145°04′19″E / 37.899°S 145.072°E / -37.899; 145.072Coordinates: 37°53′56″S 145°04′19″E / 37.899°S 145.072°E / -37.899; 145.072
Population 8,592 (2011 census)
 • Density 3,440/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 3163
Area 2.5 km2 (1.0 sq mi)
Location 13 km (8 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s) City of Glen Eira
State electorate(s) Oakleigh
Federal Division(s)
Suburbs around Murrumbeena:
Malvern East Malvern East Malvern East
Carnegie Murrumbeena Hughesdale
Bentleigh East Bentleigh East Bentleigh East

Murrumbeena is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 13 km south-east of Melbourne's central business district.[1] Its local government area is the City of Glen Eira. At the 2011 Census, Murrumbeena had a population of 8,592.[2]

Murrumbeena is a small suburban area with extensive parklands and primarily Federation and Interwar architectural character.

Toponomy[edit]

The name "Murrumbeena" derives from the Aboriginal word "mirambeena". It may have meant "land of frogs", "moss growing on decayed wood" or it may be a derivative from the name of an Aboriginal elder. The evidence for any of these etymologies is uncertain.[3] The name was officially adopted when the railway station opened in 1879.[4]

History[edit]

  • 8 October 1877 Murrumbeena Railway station opens [1]
  • 21 September 1889 Railway Station signal Box contract signed to erect by J.Brown [2]
  • 12 May 1890 Murrumbeena Post Office opens [5]
  • 1922 Electrification of Railway & Wicket gates [3]
  • 4-1972 Shorting of railway siding at station used to deliver coal and goods [4]
  • 6 December 1977 Removal of railway siding at station.[5]
  • 7 February 2016 The ALP Andrews Government announced plans for a 'SKY rail' project to run through the heart of Carnegie, Murrumbeena and Hughesdale.

Main Street[edit]

The main street of Murrumbeena is Neerim Road, which bends to cross the railway lines and has a strip shopping centre extending to Murrumbeena Road nearby the railway station. Trading at the shopping centre suffered greatly with the opening of Chadstone Shopping Centre nearby, however it has seen a recent revival, particularly of street cafes and apartment building.

Transport[edit]

The main roads running through Murrumbeena are Dandenong Road, Neerim Road and Murrumbeena Road.

Murrumbeena railway station is a suburban railway station providing regular services to the city and along the Pakenham and Cranbourne lines.

The Neerim Road level crossing was identified by the RACV in 2010 as one of the worst for traffic congestion in metropolitan Melbourne.[6]

In 2016, the Andrews Labor Government announced it would construct an extended elevated railway bridge to remove level crossings on the Pakenham/Cranbourne line. The proposal calls for three concrete bridge-like structures, each spanning multiple kilometres and composed of sections varying in height from nine to 16 metres, to be constructed. Much of the local community consequently became incensed with the proposed method of grade separation, and dubbed the proposal "Skyrail". Locals maintain that Skyrail is inconsistent with the widely accepted "rail under road, cut and cover" trench design previously floated to them at consultation sessions in 2015. They affirm support for this design to be utilised instead and point to its successful implementation at Bourke Road, Glen Iris and Springvale Road, Nunawading. They note that similar designs are being constructed at North Road (Ormond), McKinnon Road (McKinnon) and Centre Road (Bentleigh).

Residents describe the proposal as both problematic and imprudent. They argue that it will result in the construction of “enormous, hideous eyesores” which will ultimately destroy the heritage character of the surrounding areas and result in significant overshadowing complications and increased noise for nearby homes. They contend that the spaces below the proposed structures, which the government seeks to retrofit into car parks and grassy areas, will give rise to anti-social behaviour (they say is already prevalent in the area) because the proposal does not meet Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design principles. They question the viability of these spaces for use as parkland because much of it would exist “sandwiched” between homes in an acutely narrow easement. They also query which organisation, specifically, will be tasked with the long-term upkeep of the land and, at what cost will it go about its duty.

Residents have also taken issue with the process the government underwent in what they say was a bid to “foist” the proposal on the community without scrutiny.

Housing[edit]

Murrumbeena railway crossing

Outside of the main street, Murrumbeena is a mix of predominantly single-family detached homes with small pockets of walk-up flats of up to two stories developed since the 1960s. The predominant style of the buildings in the shopping strip, station and surrounding homes are Federation and Interwar which include many magnificent examples of single story Art Deco designs.

The SKYrail project will significantly change the character of the suburb. For full information on the integration of the SKYrail project into the larger scheme of providing 600,000 additional residences using multi-level development and super malls, refer to “Dovey & Woodcock” report ‘Intensifying Melbourne’.

Schools[edit]

Murrumbeena Primary School[edit]

  • 1910 Current site purchased
  • 1917 Current site occupied

St Patrick's Catholic Primary School[edit]

Murrumbeena High School[edit]

Murrumbeena High School originally occupied a large parcel of land on the corner of Murrumbeena Road and North Road across the road from Duncan McKinnon Reserve. (801 North Rd, Murrumbeena 3163)

  • 13 August 1974 The schools art block was burnt down. [6]
  • 1990's Murrumbeena High School was closed by the Kennett Government.

Sport[edit]

The suburb has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Southern Football League with a history that can be traced back to the formation of the Murrumbeena Junior Football Club in 1918. They have junior and senior sides.[7] It has a lawn bowls club situated in Gerald Street which fields two teams in the Bowls Victoria Pennant competition.

Sporting clubs

Notable people[edit]

Entrance to Boyd Park which was named for the potter Merric Boyd

The potter Merric Boyd (1888–1959) established a studio in Murrumbeena and produced his own distinctive style of Art Nouveau ceramics. Through the Boyds, Murrumbeena played host to other well-known artists including John Perceval, Sidney Nolan, Hatton Beck, and Peter Herbst.

Arthur Boyd (1920–1999) was one of the leading Australian painter of the late 20th Century.

Mark Trevorrow, the creator of Bob Downe, the camp safari-suit wearing comic and singer was born and raised in Murrumbeena.

Musician Nick Cave grew up in the suburb, and TISM played their first show at the Murrumbeena athletics track club rooms.

Paralympic swimming medallist Phillip Tracey was from the suburb.[8]

Many Australian Rules footballers including Robert Flower from 1973 until 1987, Tom Flower, Ray Carr, Mark Mitchell, Howard Hollow and Ken Jungworth who all played with Melbourne Demons went to school or came from Murrumbeena Football Club and also grew up in the suburb.

Bill Shorten, the Member for Maribyrnong in the Australian Parliament, grew up in Neerim Rd, Murrumbeena and attended Mass at the Good Shepherd Convent, on the current site of Chadstone Shopping Centre. He is the Leader of the Australian Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition in the Australian House of Representatives.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Postcodes Australia Profile
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Murrumbeena". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  3. ^ What does Murrumbeena Mean?, Murrumbeena Community, retrieved 25 July 2010 
  4. ^ Brown-May, Andrew & Swain, Shurlee: The Encycploedia Of Melbourne, page 496. Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  5. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008 
  6. ^ Lucas, Clay (21 September 2010). "Level crossings choking city traffic flow: RACV". The Age. Melbourne. 
  7. ^ Full Point Footy, Southern Football League, retrieved 21 October 2008 
  8. ^ "SA husband and wife both get gold at Paralympics". Canberra Times. 23 October 1988. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 

External links[edit]