Murton, County Durham
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Murton is a village in County Durham, England. Lying six miles (9.6 km) east of the city of Durham and seven miles (11.25 km) south of Sunderland, it has a population of 4534, increasing to 7,676 at the 2011 Census.
Originally a rural agricultural hamlet called Morton, the discovery of coal beneath its fields in the 19th century transformed it into an industrial community. 'Morton became known as Murton Colliery or Murton-in-the-Whins following the sinking of the pit in 1838 by South Hetton Coal Company, and the village was a productive coal mining community for over a century. The pit employed over 1000 men at its peak and featured in a Picture Post article showing the 'vesting' of the mine at nationalisation in 1947.
The village also had the South East Durham Cooperative Bakery and a Northern Bus Company garage as added sources of jobs. In 1955 a by product works for coal was established for the production mainly of coke. The mine and other employment opportunities closed in the 1990s along with many other County Durham mines and now the old spoil heaps are host to a retail outlet development Dalton Park, bringing much needed new employment.
The discovery of coal beneath the fields of East Durham during the 19th century, transformed the tiny hamlet of Morton into the thriving township of Murton.
Decades later, however, the decision to close Murton's successful colliery almost, but not quite, succeeded in turning the close-knit community into a ghost town. Millions of pounds in Government and private investment is now being pumped into Murton, changing the face of the former pit village on an almost daily basis.
Fewer than 100 people lived in the village of Murton before 1830 but, following the sinking of the mine in 1838, the population grew to 1,387 by 1851. Miners flocked to Murton from across County Durham and Northumberland in the early years, with people later uprooting from Devon, Cornwall and Ireland too. Many of the road and place names reflected the original roots of these pitmen, like the Cornwall estate, and dozens of different accents could be heard in the streets.
Work on the colliery – one of the pioneering mines of the East Durham coalfield, began on 19 February 1838 but it was five years before the first coals were drawn. Problems with pockets of shifting sand and the depth of the magnesium limestone overlying the coal delayed the work, making the project hugely expensive. Late shifts were even introduced for the first time, so that excavation could be carried out around the clock to finish the three-shafted pit as quickly as possible.
Just five years after the colliery opened, however, there was an explosion on 15 August 1848, near the Polka East shaft, which killed 14 miners. The tragedy left villagers shaken, but the village itself continued to flourish. Indeed, by 1856 Murton was almost unrecognisable from the hamlet it had once been. Scores of terraced houses had been built to house the miners and the village now boasted three pubs, a new school, plus gas and coke works. As prospective miners continued to flood in, so the number of tradesmen grew, with Murton Colliery Co-operative Society helping to serve the village by 1890.
As the village flourished, so too did the colliery. It was modernised after World War I and, in 1922, a Koepe friction winding engine was installed in the West Pit. New pithead baths followed in 1939, described as being "of especially pleasant design," and Murton's swimming pool was opened in 1961.
But, despite high productivity and a loyal workforce, the decision was taken to close the pit in 1991. Campaigners fought against the plans, but failed to stop them. The Koepe winding engine was transferred to the Bowes Railway following the controversial closure and, in 1994, the colliery's winding tower was demolished. Murton's once-thriving pit community was now no more.
- 1830: Population 69
- 1838: Work on pit starts
- 1843: First coals drawn
- 1851: Population 1,395
- 1889: Electricity first used in pit
- 1892: Murton toll gates removed
- 1902: Three putters killed in pit, two aged 14, one aged 18
- 1906: Colliery draws 4,131 tons of coal in one day
- 1910: Miners strike over Eight Hours Bill
- 1913: Foundation stone laid for first council house
- 1914: First public telephone for Murton, based in post office
- 1922: Cenotaph unveiled
- 1923: Coal drawn from West Pit for first time
- 1927: Bus service to Sunderland introduced by Northern buses
- 1930: First "talking pictures" at Murton Empire
- 1931: Flush toilets put in colliery houses
- 1935: Miners started carrying electric lamps
- 1939: Pit head baths opened
- 1950: X-ray van visited Murton for the first time
- 1953: The first paid annual holiday leave of two weeks was introduced
- 1957: A new library was opened in Barnes Road
- 1958: Murton Brickworks closed
- 1961: Murton's swimming pool was opened
- 1982: First memorial service held to commemorate fatalities at Murton pit
- 1990: Miners fought to keep the pit open
- 1991: Murton Colliery was closed
- 1994: Pit winding tower demolished, despite being listed
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Like the rest of the United Kingdom, Murton has a temperate climate. At 643.3 millimetres (25 in) the average annual rainfall is lower than the national average of 1,125 millimetres (44 in). Equally there are only around 121.3 days where more than 1 millimetre (0.04 in) of rain falls compared with a national average of 154.4 days. The area sees on average 1374.6 hours of sunshine per year, compared with a national average of 1125.0 hours. There is frost on 52 days compared with a national average of 55.6 days. Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures are 12.5 °C (54.5 °F) and 5.2 °C (41.4 °F) compared with a national averages of 12.1 °C (53.8 °F) and 5.1 °C (41.2 °F) respectively.
The table below gives the average temperature and rainfall figures taken between 1971 and 2000 at the Met Office weather station in Durham:
|Climate data for Durham 102m asl, 1981–2010, extremes 1850–|
|Record high °C (°F)||16.7
|Average high °C (°F)||6.6
|Average low °C (°F)||0.9
|Record low °C (°F)||−17.2
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||52.3
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||58.6||80.3||115.5||150.3||181.7||164.8||172.3||167.3||134.5||102.8||66.4||51.2||1,445.4|
|Source #1: Met Office|
|Source #2: NEForum|
Old village streets and their nicknames
- Owen Street: Sandgate Rar
- Lancaster Street: Double Rar
- Green Street: Smokey Rar
- Railway Street: Red Tiled Rar
- Villiers Street: Wood Rar
- Durham Place: Sinkers Rar
- Dalton Terrace: Pot Pie Rar
- South Street: Plantation Rar
- East Street: Cinder Burners Rar
- Shipperdon Street: Ower the Field
- Murton Street: Cross Rar
- Old Pilgrim Street: Boiler Rar
- New Pilgrim Street: Low Rar
- Pilgrim Street: High Rar
- Model Street: Wagon Rar
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of County Durham at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added||Agriculture||Industry||Services|
- British Government. "Office for Statistics: Area: Murton East (Ward)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
- "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 13 July 2015.
- Durham County Council. "Durham Records Inline Murton (East Murton)". Durham Records Office. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
- PROF. A. C. Ramsay. "Deeper And More Difficult Winnings". Durham Mining Museum. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
- Paul R. Joiner. "GenukI Dalton-le-Dale". GENUKI. Archived from the original on 5 May 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
- Whellan's 1894 Directory of County Durham. "Murton Colliery also known as Dalton Winning". Durham Mining Museum. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
- Durham Mining Museum. "Durham Mining Museum Gallery". Durham Mining Museum. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
- "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 13 July 2015.
- Durham 1971-2000 averages Archived 29 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., Met Office. Retrieved on 20 August 2007.
- UK 1971-2000 averages Archived 5 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine., Met Office. Retrieved on 20 August 2007.
- "Durham climate information". Met Office. 1981–2010. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- "Exceptional warmth, December 2015". Met Office. 27 January 2016. Retrieved 2017-10-19.
- Kendon, Mike; McCarthy, Mark; Jevrejeva, Svetlana; Legg, Tim (2015). "State of the UK Climate 2015" (PDF). Met Office. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- "Local Extremes at Durham since 1850". North East Forum. 2004. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
- includes hunting and forestry
- includes energy and construction
- includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Murton, County Durham.|
- Old photos of Murton Colliery, in a slide show form, YouTube (slideshow video featuring the pits of old County Durham - including Murton)
- News stories about Murton, Sunderland Echo
- A thousand old photos of Seaham and Murton, east-durham.co.uk