|Place of origin||Indian subcontinent|
|Region or state||Jaffna, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Batticaloa|
|Associated national cuisine||India, Sri Lanka|
|Main ingredients||Rice flour, Urad dal flour (Black gram), Salt, Oil|
|Cookbook: Murukku Media: Murukku|
Murukku is a savoury, crunchy snack originating from the Indian subcontinent, notably popular in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala cuisine and Sri Lanka. The snack's name derives from the Tamil word for "twisted", which refers to its shape. Murukku is popular all over India and Sri Lanka , and also in other countries where Tamil/Keralite diaspora is present, including Singapore and Malaysia.
Ingredients and preparation
Murukku is typically made from rice and urad dal flour. The flours are mixed with water, salt, asafoetida and either sesame seeds or cumin seeds. The mix is kneaded into a dough, which is shaped into spiral or coil shapes either by hand or using a mould. The spirals are then deep fried in vegetable oil.
The dish has many variations, resulting from the types and proportions of flours used. The Kai Murukku (literally, "hand murukku") is made by hand using a stiffer dough. Pakoda murukku is another ribbon-shaped variety of the snack. Manapparai, a town in Tamil Nadu, is known for its unique variety of murukkus, known as Manapparai murukku. In 2010, the Tamil Nadu government applied for a geographical indication tag for Manapparai Murukku.
Other varieties include:
- Rice and lentil murukku (Mullu murukku)
- Light crispy murukku (Thenkuzhal murukku)
- Coconut milk murukku (Thengai paal murukku)
- Wheat flour murukku (Godhumai murukku)
- Spicy murukku (Kaara murukku)
- Garlic murukku (Poondu murukku)
- Fish murruku (Min murukku)
- Ring muruku
- Butter murukku (Vennai murukku)
- Besan Murukku
- Rice murukku (Arisi murukku)
- Sweet murukku (Achu murukku or Achappam)
- Jhilinga, a similar Nepalese dish made from rice flour
- Devasahayam, Theresa. "When We Eat What We Eat: Classifying Crispy Foods in Malaysian Tamil Cuisine". Anthropology of food. OpenEdition. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "Heavy demand for crispy treat". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 30 October 2010.
- Gerald, Olympia Shilpa (18 August 2012). "In search of Manapparai Murukku". The Hindu. Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- S. Annamalai (4 November 2013). "Business dynamics, supply issues have hardened the 'Manapparai murukku'". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- "Geographical indication tag for 'Mannapparai Murukku' sought". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 25 October 2010.
- Media related to Murukku at Wikimedia Commons