Musée d'Aquitaine

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Museum of Aquitaine
Musée Aquitaine.JPG
Musée d'Aquitaine is located in France
Musée d'Aquitaine
Location within France
Established1963
Location20 cours Pasteur
33000 Bordeaux France
Coordinates44°50′08″N 0°34′30″W / 44.83564°N 0.57497°W / 44.83564; -0.57497Coordinates: 44°50′08″N 0°34′30″W / 44.83564°N 0.57497°W / 44.83564; -0.57497
Visitors111,919 (2003)
88,738 (2004)
99,880 (2005)
101,897 (2006)
93,661 (2007)[1]
WebsiteOfficial site

The Museum of Aquitaine (French: Musée d'Aquitaine) is a collection of objects and documents from the history of Bordeaux and Aquitaine.

History[edit]

In the 16th century, the site of the Musée d'Aquitaine housed the convent of the Feuillants. Destroyed during the Revolution, it became a high school which burned down in 1871, then a university.[2]

In 1960, the Lapidary Museum (created in 1783 by the Academy of Bordeaux) changed its primary vocation and brought together the collections of other museums (Prehistoric and Ethnographic Museum, Museum of Arms and Ancient Objects). It took the name of Museum of Aquitaine in 1963.[3]

Initially, the museum shared the premises of the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux,[4] in a building designed by Charles Burguet.[5]

Then, on January 9, 1987, the museum moved into the premises of the former Faculty of Letters and Sciences,[6] a building built in the 1880s by the municipal architect Charles Durand[7] and located in place of the former convents of the Feuillants and the Visitation.[8]

At the start of the 21st century, the Musée d'Aquitaine had 111,919 visitors in 2003, 88,738 in 2004, 99,880 in 2005, 101,897 in 2006, and 93,661 in 2007.[9]

Location[edit]

In the center of Bordeaux, close to Tour Pey-Berland and St. Andrew's Cathedral, the museum is accessible by line B of the tramway de Bordeaux from station Musée d'Aquitaine.[10][11]

Collections[edit]

The different collections include more than 70,000 pieces. They trace the history of Bordeaux and Aquitaine from Prehistory to today. 5,000 pieces of art from Africa and Oceania also testify to the harbor history of the city.

Spaces dedicaded to slave trade

The museum has permanent collections and temporary exhibitions. The permanent collections are on two floors. On the ground floor are pieces on Prehistory, Protohistory, Roman Empire, the Middle Ages and the Modern Era. At level 1, there are eighteenth century pieces (Atlantic trade and slavery), world cultures, nineteenth and twentieth centuries (Bordeaux port-e-du monde, 1800–1939).[12]

In 2009, the Aquitaine Museum opened new permanent rooms dedicated to the role of Bordeaux in the slave trade.[13]

Rooms devoted to the nineteenth were reopened in February 2014.[14]

Notable pieces[edit]

[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Veille Info Tourisme Archived 2010-03-14 at the Wayback Machine, p.107
  2. ^ "On a sans doute retrouvé la dépouille de Montaigne... dans sa tombe". Rue89Bordeaux (in French). 2018-11-16. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  3. ^ Hubert, François; Ziéglé, Anne (2010-10-01). "L'histoire du Musée d'Aquitaine". Anabases. Traditions et réceptions de l'Antiquité (in French) (12): 230–238. doi:10.4000/anabases.1241. ISSN 1774-4296. S2CID 193231498.
  4. ^ "Histoire du musée d'Aquitaine". archive.wikiwix.com. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  5. ^ Lagrange, Marion; Miane, Florent (2011-11-23). "Le Musée archéologique de la faculté des lettres de Bordeaux (1886). L'institutionnalisation des collections pédagogiques et scientifiques". In Situ. Revue des patrimoines (in French) (17). doi:10.4000/insitu.920. ISSN 1630-7305.
  6. ^ "Histoire du musée d'Aquitaine". archive.wikiwix.com. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  7. ^ Lagrange, Marion; Miane, Florent (2011-11-23). "Le Musée archéologique de la faculté des lettres de Bordeaux (1886). L'institutionnalisation des collections pédagogiques et scientifiques". In Situ. Revue des patrimoines (in French) (17). doi:10.4000/insitu.920. ISSN 1630-7305.
  8. ^ "L'Union Scientifique d'Aquitaine". archive.wikiwix.com. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  9. ^ "Fermeture de la plateforme Veille Info Tourisme | entreprises.gouv.fr". www.entreprises.gouv.fr. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  10. ^ "Venir au musée | Le site officiel du musée d'Aquitaine". www.musee-aquitaine-bordeaux.fr. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  11. ^ "Plan dynamique | TBM". www.infotbm.com. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  12. ^ Le musée d'Aquitaine, Plan du musée, août 2014
  13. ^ "Ayoko Mensah, Afriscop : Bordeaux, la traite négrière et l'esclavage".
  14. ^ Loubes, Christophe (2014-04-03). "Promenez-vous sur les quais de Bordeaux en 1806" (in French). ISSN 1760-6454. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  15. ^ "Highlights | le site officiel du musée d'Aquitaine".
  16. ^ "Stained-glass window with the arms of Bordeaux | le site officiel du musée d'Aquitaine".