Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima
Haji Musa Bin Haji Aman
P.S.M., S.P.D.K., D.A., D.G.S.M., P.G.D.K, MLA
|14th Chief Minister of Sabah|
27 March 2003 – 12 May 2018
Ahmadshah Abdullah |
Peter Pang En Yin
Hajiji Haji Noor
Chong Kah Kiat
Joseph Pairin Kitingan
Raymond Tan Shu Kiah
|Preceded by||Chong Kah Kiat|
|Succeeded by||Shafie Apdal|
|Member of the Sabah State Legislative Assembly|
for Sungai Sibuga
Assumed office |
|Preceded by||Thien Fui Yun|
Musa bin Aman|
30 March 1951
Beaufort, Crown Colony of North Borneo
|Political party||United Malays National Organisation|
|Relations||Anifah Aman (brother)|
3 sons and 1 daughter|
(including Yamani Hafez Musa)
Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima Haji Musa Bin Haji Aman (born 30 March 1951) is the 14th and former Chief Minister of the state of Sabah in Malaysia, in office since March 2003 until May 2018. He was also the Sabah finance minister, the chairman of United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) for Sabah, and the older brother of Dato' Seri Anifah Aman, former Foreign Minister of Malaysia.
- 1 Personal life
- 2 Political career
- 3 Controversy
- 4 Honour
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Musa mother is a Dusun, while his ancestors through his father lineage are from Bajau-Suluk. He received his primary education in St. Paul primary school, Beaufort, Sabah and later attended Sabah College in Kota Kinabalu and All Saints secondary school for his secondary education. He pursue his tertiary education in UiTM (formerly known as Institut Teknologi Mara, ITM) for his Bachelor Degree in Business Administration and continued to pursue his study to obtain Master of Business Administration (MBA) from Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.
He was interested in the world of business since his primary school days. In 1973, he pursue his business interests in Sandakan. He later put Syarikat Musman Holdings Sdn Bhd under his stewardship. He was the chairman for City Finance Berhad from 1983 until 1995. He later became the chief executive of Innoprise Corporation in 1995 and also the chairman for Sabah Softwood Berhad (under Innoprise Corporation) in the same year.
Early political career
His political career started on 8 March 1992, when he contested and won the Jambongan UMNO division chief's post (now known as Libaran division) and was appointed as Sabah Barisan Nasional (BN) treasurer eight days later. On 7 March 1995, a year after BN came to power in Sabah, Musa became the director of Sabah Foundation (Yayasan Sabah), a Sabah statutory body. In March 1999 he resigned as the Sabah Foundation Director to contest in the state elections and defend the Sungai Sibuga State Legislative Assembly seat, defeating Ramli Noordin of Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS) by 4,034 majority votes, the highest majority among the 24 seats contested by UMNO. He moved up further in his political career when he was appointed Minister in the Chief Minister's Department under Datuk Osu Sukam in 1999. On 27 March 2001, he became the Finance Minister in Chief Minister Chong Kah Kiat's cabinet. On 28 September 2001, Musa replaced Osu Sukam as the Sabah UMNO Liaison Committee chairman, which paved the way for him to be the Chief Minister.
Appointment as chief minister
Musa took over the post of chief minister from Chong Kah Kiat on 27 March 2003. His appointment as Chief Minister marks the end of the rotation system used in Sabah whereby the Chief Minister post is rotated every two years among the three main ethnoreligious groups in Sabah: Christian Bumiputras, Muslim Bumiputras, and the Chinese.
Soon after taking his oath of office as Chief Minister, Musa Aman outlined his agenda for the state. He had set his priorities on agriculture, tourism and manufacturing, putting them in what he calls the state's 'Halatuju' development framework, and supporting them by placing human resource development high on his agenda. To support the first pillar of his 'Halatuju' campaign, tourism, a commitment of RM1.4 billion in federal funds was secured towards the building of a new Kota Kinabalu airport terminal, which was completed in 2008, ahead of schedule. A part of the old Kota Kinabalu port with warehouse facilities dating back to the early 1900s was transformed into Jesselton Point, a modern port with a high-class ferry terminal and other facilities. Under Musa tourism registered significant growth; Tourist arrivals to Sabah grew from 1.25 million arrivals in 2003 to nearly 2.1 million arrivals in 2006. The growth justified a further capital input into the tourism sector, with over RM1 billion made available via Special Tourism Fund of RM400 million for small projects and RM700 million for larger projects. To support the second pillar—agriculture—the state government broke new ground in combining agriculture and manufacturing sectors into one by promoting bio-agriculture. The establishment of Palm Oil Industrial Clusters (POIC) is an example of bio-agriculture that promises to move the state's agricultural products up the value chain in the commodity markets. To support the third pillar, manufacturing, in 2006 a total of 92 manufacturing projects were granted approval in the state with a projected total investment value of RM4.9 billion.
Timber corruption scandal, 2012
In April 2012, Musa was linked to a timber corruption scandal as per the leaked Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) documents published by the website Sarawak Report. Musa was accused of having close relationship with Sabah timber trader Michael Chia, where the latter was detained in Hong Kong in 2008 for trying to smuggle S$16 million (RM40 million) to Musa. Sarawak Report further revealed that Chia was responsible for Musa's sons expenses in Australia. Anifah Aman, brother of Musa, was also accused of being a secret beneficiary of lucrative timber licenses. Abdul Gani Patail, the Malaysian Attorney-General who is close to Musa family, was alleged to have blocked the MACC investigation into this case. However, Musa denied his link with Chia, while accusing Sarawak Report for defaming him. On 11 October 2012, in a written reply to the Parliament, Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz said Musa has been cleared of the alleged RM40 million kickbacks for timber licences by the Attorney-General's Chambers as "the funds were contributions to the Sabah Umno liaison body and not for the personal use of the chief minister". He also said that the Hong Kong's Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) and Malaysian Attorney-General chamber has cleared Musa of corruption after the MACC has provided information in this case. Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak refused to disclose the source of the political donation but he insisted that the money was funded through legitimate channels.
In response to the reply by Najib, Sarawak Report released another set of documents on 14 October which pointed the donors to Sabah and Sarawak timber tycoons. On 22 October, Nazri said that Chia was never arrested and the S$16 million was actually frozen in an investment account in Hong Kong. This money was later cleared to be transferred to Swiss bank. As on 25 October, Hong Kong's ICAC refused to disclose any details regarding the probe which reportedly cleared Musa Aman from corruption charges. On 1 November, People's Justice Party (PKR) leaders and Sarawak Report revealed that Nazri's son was given American Hummer H2 by Chia back in March 2011. This revelation raises the possible questions of conflict of interest between Nazri and Chia. However, Nazri sees no problem with the ownership of the Hummer by his son. Nazri also said that he just merely read out the statement from MACC that has cleared Musa from corruption and he insisted that he has not influenced MACC in handling the Musa Aman case.
In April 2013, Reuters validated that the documents released by Sarawak Report are indeed genuine. Two of the timber firms confirmed with Reuters that the money was transferred to secure the logging contracts. MACC officials also told Reuters that the documents are authentic and Musa Aman was the focus of the investigation. On 27 February 2014, Michael Chia was convicted to 1-year jail sentence for misleading Datuk Agus Hassan into logging business by claiming that it was meant for UMNO's political donation in 2004.
Allegation of corruption during 2018 general election
In the lead-up to the 2018 Malaysian general election, Musa was one of seven MPs from the ruling BN coalition accused by electoral watchdog Bersih of using "bribery" in an attempt to "unduly influence voters" in his constituency. He was criticised for handing out 155 motorcycles to various entrepreneurs in Sandakan, in what was widely seen as an attempt to wrest the marginal seat from the opposition Democratic Action Party (DAP). The DAP candidate had won the seat by a margin of 4% in the 2013 general election.
2018 Sabah state constitutional crisis, refusal to step down as Chief Minister and disappearance
Also during the 2018 Sabah state election, Musa coalition party of BN are tied up with 29-29 seats with Sabah Heritage Party (WARISAN) led by Shafie Apdal together with the coalition of Pakatan Harapan (PH). Jeffrey Kitingan with his party of Homeland Solidarity Party (STAR) under the United Sabah Alliance (USA) which are not aligned from either the two sides, has won two seats in the election and subsequently emerged as the decision maker for the formation of a state government from the two sides. Jeffrey then decide to team up with the BN to form coalition state government with him appointed as a Deputy Chief Minister while Musa to become the Chief Minister for another 5 years under the new coalition government. However, situation change when six seats assemblymen from the BN allied parties of United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO) and United Sabah People's Party (PBRS) switched their allegiance to WARISAN, giving Shafie an advantage with 35 seats which is sufficient to establish a valid state government. Earlier, Musa had already sworn in as Chief Minister following the help of two seats from STAR. This situation left Sabah with two ruling Chief Ministers, the second in its history since the dispute between PBS and USNO in 1980s. The results of this events sparks a constitutional crisis in Sabah, and the need to review and change the current constitution so as to curb the "allegiance switching" of assemblymen, after the swearing-in ceremony of the chief minister. Another four seats assemblymen from BN allied parties of UMNO and UPKO switching their allegiance to WARISAN on 13 May 2018. The Yang di-Pertua Negeri (TYT) Juhar Mahiruddin also had requested for Musa to step down, despite Musa still stressing that he still the rightful Chief Minister of Sabah. Nevertheless, Musa was issued a letter from the TYT that he is no longer the Chief Minister effective from 12 May 2018 that was delivered into his residence on 14 May 2018.
Musa then filed a suit through his lawyer to both Juhar and Shafie, seeking a declaration that he is and remains the lawful Chief Minister and that the swearing in of Shafie within 24 hours lapse is unconstitutional. Over an alleged threat against Juhar, the TYT subsequently make a police report. Police began to search him in both of his residence in Kota Kinabalu and Sandakan but only found the house has been abandoned with several unnamed sources stating that he had left overseas (before he was blacklisted) through land road towards Brunei before taking a flight to Singapore en route to London in the United Kingdom. His brother Anifah Aman and his son Yamani Hafez Musa was then approached by media to know the whereabouts of Musa but both has explained they were unaware of his recent presence. Through a statement made by his legal counsel Zahir Shah, Musa denies making a "criminal intimidation" towards the TYT.
On 30 May, a video published by a Malaysian living in the United Kingdom circulating in social media of Facebook, featuring a man with a cap resembling Musa seen at St Pancras railway station in London. Malaysian police said they already aware of the video and are currently investigating the matter. The Malaysian Immigration Department has said they have no record of Musa leaving Malaysia, adding that "Musa has been blacklisted by the department and if he left the country through illegal routes, he have violated the country’s laws". Malaysian Inspector-General of Police (IGP) Mohamad Fuzi Harun also revealed that Musa was believed to have made Brunei as transit before slipping out of the country. Responding to the claim, Musa legal counsel Zahir explained that "he is currently seeking long overdue medical treatment" and defending that "his travels have always been via proper immigration channels". Around the same time, his official Twitter account are also being suddenly re-activated. On 6 June, Musa withdrawn his previous suit while making a new summons that would not require his presence in court with his another lawyer Tengku Fuad Tengku Ahmad claimed "the new suit could be decided entirely using documents and submissions, without needing an open hearing". On 26 June, Musa through his own statement confirmed that he was in the United Kingdom for medical and several other personal reasons while stressing that it is done "lawfully".
Returning to Malaysia and arrestment
With the pressure that any assemblyman will lost their seat based on the Article 18(2) of the state constitution that a seat can be declared vacant if an assemblyman fails to turn up for three consecutive sessions, Musa returns to Malaysia on 21 August at the Subang Airport, after transiting from the Seletar Airport in Singapore. He was taken to the Subang Jaya Medical Centre for receiving further treatment. Musa has decided to return to Malaysia to settle all outstanding issues, although this is against the doctor's advise. The former Sabah chief minister’s presence at the hospital is accompanied by heavy security and secrecy. Staff nurses at Musa’s suite in the VVIP section were on high alert against the press and any unauthorised visitors. Police are seeking to get a statement from Musa after he recovered from his health issue. Musa had previously claimed that he was receiving medical treatment in England and therefore was not fit to return to Malaysia. Despite this, Musa could still face investigations by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) and the Immigration Department due to the fact that there were no records of him leaving the country. On 23 August, Musa was officially arrested despite his remand application was later rejected by the magistrate that making him out on bail. On 6 September, he returned into Kota Kinabalu through a private jet and arrived at about 12.30 PM before directly went straight to the State Assembly Building to sworn as an assemblyman. Musa then return to Kuala Lumpur and depart to Putrajaya to answer questions from MACC on several graft cases during the election that was alleged to be involving him.
Honour of Malaysia
- Tracy Patrick (22 February 2018). "Umno: Musa lebih berjasa pada Sabah berbanding Shafie". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
Ibu Musa berketurunan Dusun, sementara itu, nenek moyang sebelah bapanya berketurunan Suluk Bajau.
- "Biography [Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima Musa Haji Aman]". State Government of Sabah. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- "Musa Aman to replace Chong as Sabah CM". Malaysiakini. 4 March 2003. Retrieved 29 January 2008.
- "Halatuju - A master plan to bring development and progress to Sabah". State Government of Sabah. Archived from the original on 1 July 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- "Malaysian Foreign Minister Named In MACC Investigation Into Sabah Timber Corruption – NATIONAL EXPOSE!". Sarawak Report. 5 April 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Did Malaysian AG Block ICAC Probe into Sabah Timber Corruption?". Asia Sentinel. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- "Sabah's Smoking Gun! Bank Statements Show That Musa Aman's Sons Accessed Dirty Money - National Exclusive!". Sarawak Report. 9 April 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Clara Chooi (12 April 2012). "Sabah CM denies link to timber graft scandal". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 20 June 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Nazri: Musa Aman cleared of corruption by MACC". The Star. 11 October 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- Clara Chooi (20 October 2012). "HK dropped Musa's case after MACC probe, says Nazri". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- Md Izwan (13 October 2012). "Najib says will not disclose source of Sabah Umno's political donation". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- "MUSA'S SECRET DONORS -We Blow The Whistle On UMNO's Sabah Kickbacks!". Sarawak Report. 14 October 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- Clara Chooi (22 October 2012). "Nazri: Michael Chia never arrested in HK with Sabah Umno cash". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 27 October 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- "RM40mil fiasco: Hong Kong's ICAC mum on probe". Malaysiakini. 25 October 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
- Koh Jun Lin; Kow Gah Chie (1 November 2012). "Hummer shows Nazri-Chia links, say PKR sleuths". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- "Monster Gift! - Michael Chia Handed Huge Hummer To Son Of 'Friend' Nazri Abdul Aziz EXCLUSIVE EXPOSE!". Sarawak Report. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
- "Transcript: Why Nazri is not worried". Malaysiakini. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- Niluksi Koswanage; David Fogarty; Angie Teo; Stuart Grudgings; James Pomfret; Bill Tarrant (3 April 2013). "Insight: In Malaysia's election, a focus on rainforest graft". Reuters. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "After tycoon's conviction, PKR demands new probe on Musa Aman". The Malay Mail. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- "MEDIA STATEMENT (29 APRIL 2018): BERSIH 2.0 Unveils New Line-up in the Hall of Shame 10 days to Polling Day". Bersih. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
- Muguntan Vanar; Fatimah Zainal (10 May 2018). "Hung assembly in Sabah sees intense political horse-trading". The Star. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Alyaa Azhar (10 May 2018). "Hung assembly in Sabah, Star to be kingmaker". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Chok Simyee (10 May 2018). "Jeffrey forms pact with BN to form coalition state government". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Avila Geraldine; Norasikin Daineh (11 May 2018). "Warisan now has 35 seats, enough to form state government: Shafie [NSTTV]". New Straits Times. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- "Sabah having two CMs sparks constitutional crisis?". The Borneo Post. 12 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- Ruzaini Zulkepli (13 May 2018). "Empat lagi ADUN BN sertai Mohd Shafie?" (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- Fatimah Zainal (14 May 2018). "Two more Upko reps join Shafie". The Star. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- Rodelio Junjun Taucan (12 May 2018). "Tun Juhar arah Musa letak jawatan" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- Ruzaini Zulkepli (13 May 2018). "Warisan tidak akan sama dengan UMNO - Shafie Apdal" (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- Fatimah Zainal (13 May 2018). "Musa Aman: I'm still the Chief Minister". The Star. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "Istana serah surat kepada Musa" (in Malay). Berita Harian. 14 May 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- Samantha Khor (14 May 2018). "[BREAKING] Musa Aman Is No Longer Chief Minister Of Sabah". Says.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- Jo Ann Mool (18 May 2018). "Musa takes TYT, Shafie to court". Daily Express. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- "Sabah Yang di-Pertua Negeri lodges police report against Musa Aman". The Star. 20 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Rebecca Vega (26 May 2018). "Former Sabah CM Musa Aman Wanted By Police Has Escaped Malaysia". World of Buzz. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Fardy Bungga (26 May 2018). "Anifah says he is unaware of Musa's whereabouts". New Straits Times. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Fauzi Suhaimi (27 May 2018). "Yamani Hafez akui tidak ketahui keberadaan bapanya" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Stephanie Lee (24 May 2018). "Musa's lawyer says he denies allegations of criminal intimidation". The Star. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Tara Thiagarajan (31 May 2018). "Is That Musa Aman? Police Now Investigating Video of Lookalike Posted By M'sian in UK". World of Buzz. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Trouble for Musa, Jamal if they left country via illegal routes: Immigration DG [NSTTV]". New Straits Times. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Law will come down hard on Musa, Jamal if they exited M'sia illegally: Immigration DG". Bernama. The Sun. 7 June 2018. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- Shalina R. (7 June 2018). "Musa says he never travelled illegally". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- Julia Chan (6 June 2018). "Musa files fresh suit in seeming bid to avoid returning to Malaysia". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Musa confirms he is in UK". Bernama. Daily Express. 26 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
- Muguntan Vanar (13 August 2018). "Musa Aman's continued absence could lead to loss of state seat". The Star. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
- Mugutan Vanar; Joseph Loh (22 August 2018). "Musa finally returns to Malaysia". The Star. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
- Veen Babulal (22 August 2018). "Heavy security, secrecy surrounds Musa Aman's VVIP suite at Subang Jaya hospital". New Straits Times. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
- Natasha Joibi (21 August 2018). "Musa Aman to return to Malaysia against doctor's advice". The Star. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
- Isabelle Leong (22 August 2018). "Musa Aman dipercayai masih terima rawatan di hospital swasta di Subang Jaya" (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
- Fifi Harteeny Marzuki (22 August 2018). "Tunggu Musa Aman pulih - Polis Sabah" (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
- Muguntan Vanar (26 June 2018). "Musa Aman says he's in UK and not on the run". The Star. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
- "No record of Musa Aman, Jamal Yunos leaving Malaysia: Immigration". Bernama. Channel NewsAsia. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
- Elton Gomes (26 May 2018). "No immigration record of Musa leaving country". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
- Mohd Izham Unnip Abdullah (23 August 2018). "Musa Aman arrested, out on police bail". New Straits Times. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- Muguntan Vanar; Stephanie Lee; Fatimah Zainal (24 August 2018). "Judge rejects remand application after Musa's arrest". The Star. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- Nancy Lai (6 September 2018). "Musa sworn in as assemblyman". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- "Freshly sworn in Musa Aman goes to MACC in Putrajaya". The Star. 6 September 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Musa Aman.|
Chong Kah Kiat
| Chief Minister of Sabah