Musakhel (Pashtun tribe)

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The Musa Khel, or Moosa Khel, is a Pashtun tribe of Gharghasht origin and is part of the greater Kakar tribe. The tribe originates from Ghazni province in Afghanistan and resides in the tribal range of Musakhel and Batagram District in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Moosa Khel has the lowest literacy rate in Pakistan—10.37%—and is also a sub-tribe to Babozai, which is part of the major Pashtun tribe.

History[edit]

Pashtun tribes are divided into four supertribal confederacies: the Arbanee (Sarabani), Betanee (Baitani), Ghrghashta, and Karlanee (Kerlani).

Musakhel, Kakar, Pani (Balail Zai), Devi and Babi were the names of brothers.

Little is known about the Pashtun tribes. Previously, they held the hill country from Nigaha or Sakhi Sarwar pass in Dera Ghazi Khan to the south, comprising the southern part of the Koh-i-siyah or Sulaiman Mountains.

At the height of their prosperity, the Musakhels spread east and south into the plains of Indus valley and they are said to have held the tracks rounds Harrand once, Siw Sitpur and Kin Kot.

They are Allaiwal clan of the Swati origin.[1] They were arch-rivals of the Khetrans and other Baluch tribes to the south. In 1879, about 5000 members of the Musa Khel and other Pathan tribes made a protest against Vihowa, but the town was reinforced and the protesters were dispersed. In 1884 they were punished, together with the Kakars, by the Zhob Valley Expedition.[2]

In the first decade of the 20th century about 4670 fighting men were assembled.[2] Prominent personalities among the force included Sawan Musakhel, Yar Mohammad Kudaezai Nika, Abdul Rehman Aisotte, Sardar Asmat Ullah Musakhel, Haji Soba Khan Musakhel, Sardar Azam Musakhel, Malak Jalat Khan Musakhel, Sardar Babr Khan Musakhel, Haji Feroz Khan Musakhel, Noor Ullah Khan Musakhel, Mahmood Khan Musakhel and Asif Khan Musakhel.


Sub tribes[edit]

Pashtun tribes Sarbanee/Sarban (Durrani)[edit]

  • Sheranai
  • Jalwaanai
  • Barais (Barech)
  • Baayer
  • Oormar
  • Tareen (Tarin) Subtribes: Tor Tarin, Spin Tarin {Raisani are also Tarin. They speak Brahvi and Balochi, respectively}
  • Gharshin
  • Lawaanai
  • Popalzai
  • Baamizai
  • Sadozai
  • Alikozai
  • Barakzai
  • Mohammad zai (Zeerak)
  • Achakzai (Assakzai)
  • Noorzai
  • Alizai
  • Saakzai
  • Maako
  • Khoogyanai
  • Yousufzai
  • Atmaanzai (Utmanzai)
  • Raanizai
  • Mandan
  • Tarklaanai
  • Khalil
  • Babar
  • Daudzai
  • Zamaryanai
  • Zeranai
  • Mohmand
  • Kheshgai
  • Mohammad Zai (Zamand)
  • Kaasi
  • Shinwarai
  • Gigyani
  • Salarzai
  • Malgoorai
  • Hajizai

Gharghasht (Gharghakht)[edit]

  • Babai
  • Mandokhail
  • Kakar
  • Naghar
  • Panee (Panri) (Khajjak, Luni, Marghazani, Dehpal, Barozai, Mzari etc.)
  • Dawi
  • Hamar
  • Doomar (Dumarr)
  • Khondai
  • Gadoon (Jadun)
  • Masakhel (Musakhail)
  • Sapai or Safai (Safi)
  • Mashwanai
  • Zmarai (Mzarai)
  • Shalman
  • Eisoot (Isot)

Karlanee (Kerlanri)[edit]

  • Mangal
  • Kakai
  • Torai (Turi)
  • Hanee
  • Wardak (Verdag)
  • Aurakzai (Orakzai)
  • Apridee or Afridi
  • Khattak
  • Sheetak
  • Bolaaq
  • Zadran (Jadran)
  • Wazir
  • Masid (Mahsood)
  • Daur (Dawar)
  • Sataryanai
  • Gaarai
  • Bangash
  • Banosee (Banuchi)
  • Zazai (Jaji)
  • Gorbuz
  • Tanai (Tani)
  • Khostwaal
  • Atmaankhel (Utmankhail)
  • Samkanai (Chamkani)
  • Muqbal

Betanee / Baitani ( Ghilji, Khilji, Ghilzai )

Sub tribes

  • Sahaak
  • Tarakai
  • Tookhi
  • Andar
  • SuleimanKhail (Slaimaankhel)
  • Hotak
  • Akakhail
  • Nasar
  • Kharotai
  • Bakhtiar
  • Marwat
  • Ahmadzai
  • Tarai
  • Dotanai (Dotani)
  • Taran
  • Lodhi
  • Niazai
  • Soor
  • Sarwanai
  • Gandapur
  • Daulat Khail
  • Kundi Ali Khail
  • Dasoo Khail
  • Jaafar
  • Ostranai (Ustarana)
  • Loohanai
  • Miankhail
  • Betani (Baitanee)
  • Khasoor

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b Musa Khel - Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition

External links[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.