Muscari neglectum

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Grape hyacinth
Muscari neglectum (flowers).jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Genus: Muscari
Species: M. neglectum
Binomial name
Muscari neglectum
Guss. ex Ten.
Synonyms
  • Muscari racemosum var. neglectum (Guss. ex Ten.) St.-Lag.
  • Hyacinthus neglectus (Guss. ex Ten.) E.H.L.Krause

Muscari neglectum is a perennial bulbous plant, one of a number of species and genera known as grape hyacinth and in particular common grape hyacinth[1] or starch grape hyacinth.[2] Muscari are perennial bulbous plants native to Eurasia. They produce spikes of dense, commonly blue, urn-shaped flowers. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental plant, for example, in temperate climates as a spring bulb.

Description[edit]

Muscari neglectum is a herbaceous plant growing from a bulb. The flower stems are 5–20 cm tall. The flowers are arranged in a spike or raceme and are dark blue with white lobes at their tips (teeth); there may be a cluster of paler sterile flowers at the top of the spike.[3] The raceme is 2–6 cm long. The fruit is a 3-celled capsule with two ovules in each cell.[4]

It is a very well known species in cultivation (being described as the "common" Grape Hyacinth by Mathew); it increases rapidly and can become invasive.

Taxonomy[edit]

The name was attributed to Giovanni Gussone by Michele Tenore in a list of plants of the Neapolitan area published in 1842. The species has a confused nomenclatural history; no fewer than 46 full species names are listed as synonyms in the Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.[5] The name M. racemosum is commonly found as a synonym for M. neglectum in the horticultural literature,[6] although the true M. racemosum Mill. is a different species.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grey-Wilson, Christopher; Mathew, Brian & Blamey, Marjorie (1981), Bulbs : the bulbous plants of Europe and their allies, London: Collins, ISBN 978-0-00-219211-8 , p. 114
  2. ^ "Muscari neglectum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  3. ^ Mathew, Brian (1987), The Smaller Bulbs, London: B.T. Batsford, ISBN 978-0-7134-4922-8 , p. 127
  4. ^ Cullen, James; Knees, Sabina G.; Cubey, H. Suzanne (2011). The European Garden Flora Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated in Europe, Both Out-of-Doors and Under Glass. The Cambridge University Press. p. 124. ISBN 0521761476. 
  5. ^ a b WCSP (2011), World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2011-11-14 , search for "Muscari neglectum" Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "KewWC_Mn" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  6. ^ See, e.g., Mathew 1987, p. 127

External links[edit]