Muscle dysmorphia

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Muscle dysmorphia, also known as "megarexia", "bigorexia",[1] or "reverse anorexia", is a subtype of body dysmorphic disorder falls in classification of DSM5 under Body dysmorphic disorder similar to anorexia, but it is specifically with the appearance preoccupation that one's own body is too small, too skinny, insufficiently muscular, or insufficiently lean. Muscle dysmorphia affects mostly males. Usually, the individual's build is normal, or sometimes even exceptionally large and muscular already, but the sufferer holds delusions of being "too small" or "too skinny" compared to other men.[1] Muscle dysmorphia involves disordered fixation on exercising and nutrition, as by devoting inordinate time and attention on exercise routines, dietary regiments, and nutritional supplements. Use of anabolic steroids is especially high.

Persons experiencing muscle dysmorphia are typically very distracted from school or work, and may avoid romantic relationships in belief that their own bodies are severely undesirable. Versus nonmuscle versions of body dysmorphic disorder, rates of suicide attempts are especially high. Associated problems have been discussed as the Adonis Complex, an issue more general than muscle dysmorphia, and largely attributed to society's unrealistic standards of ideal bodies for men.[2] Muscle dysmorphia among males might be the similar to anorexia nervosa among females.[3] Yet the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Foundation has estimated that one in ten gym-going men manifest the disorder.[4]

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  1. ^ a b Buchanan, Ben (2015). "Body Dismorphic Disorder: Identifying and Treating an Invisible Problem" (PDF). Australian Clinical Psychologist 1 (1): 20–22. 
  2. ^ Pope, Harrison (2000). The Adonis Complex: The Secret Crisis of Male Body Obsession. New York: Simon & Schuster.
  3. ^ Cortese, Anthony J. (2007). Provocateur: Images of Women and Minorities in Advertising. Rowman and Littlefield. p. 72. ISBN 0742568768. 
  4. ^ "'Bigorexia': Muscle dysmorphia 'now affects one in 10 gym-going men'". BBC News. Retrieved 21 September 2015.