Museo Nacional de Antropología (Madrid)
Museo Nacional de Antropología
Museum's main facade
|Type||Archaeological and ethnographic|
|Public transit access||Atocha station|
|National Museum of Anthropology|
|Native name |
Spanish: Museo Nacional de Antropología
|Official name: Museo Nacional de Antropología|
The National Museum of Anthropology (Spanish: Museo Nacional de Antropología) is a national museum of Spain, located in Madrid near the Parque del Buen Retiro and opposite Atocha railway and metro station. It is considered the oldest anthropology museum in Spain, formally inaugurated on April 29, 1875, during the reign of Alfonso XII.
Each of its three floors is dedicated to a different subject:
- Ground floor. The Asia hall, devoting a special attention to the culture of the Philippines, a Spanish colony until 1898, with many items taken from an 1885 exposition in nearby Retiro Park. It also dedicates side rooms to temporary exhibitions and a Wunderkammer giving an impression of the early exhibitions including a plaster cast and the skeleton of the "Extremaduran Giant" (Agustín Luengo Capilla), and statues and plaster casts of several racial types.
- First floor. The Africa hall, with a prominent representation of the culture of Equatorial Guinea, a Spanish colony until 1959.
- Second floor. The Americas hall, covering indigenous peoples of the Americas, with items like Jivaro reduced heads, Andean Carnival masks, and Inuit sun glasses.
A lecture hall allows performances of traditional music and dances and lectures.
Media related to Spanish National Museum of Anthropology at Wikimedia Commons
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