Museo Nao Victoria
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Nao Victoria Replica in the Museum
|Location||Punta Arenas, Chile|
The Nao Victoria Museum is located in Punta Arenas, Chile, and has been open to the public since 1 October 2011. The museum is private, the owner has received the Medal of the President of Chile for his work in promoting national identity during the celebrations for the bicentenary of the independence of the South American country. Spanish Vice Consul in Punta Arenas gave the entrepreneur the prize "Hispanic Identity" for the building of the Nao Victoria Replica. 
Aim of the Museo Nao Victoria
The museum's goal is to be interactive and offer its visitors the experience of interacting with replicas of the ships that contributed to the discovery of the area, colonization of the territory, or have a special and historic heritage significance for the Magallanes Region of Chile. The replicas were built using traditional shipbuilding techniques.
The main collection of the museum is the full-size replicas of historic ships on display along the Straits of Magellan. Replicas of weapons and ancient navigation tools are also exhibited as well as copies of documents and books relating to the historic ships and an outdoor shipbuilding workshop.
Today the museum has three ship replicas:
Nao Victoria, was a carrack, 27 metres (89 ft) long, 7 metres (23 ft) wide, that was part of the fleet commanded by Ferdinand Magellan that discovered the waterway around southern tip of the South American continent. Later, commanded by Juan Sebastian Elcano, she was the only ship of the five to complete the first-time circumnavigation of the globe. Commanded by Duarte Barbosa, Nao Victoria participated in the Discovery of Chile, being the first to explore the region in 1520, and discovering or naming Patagonia, Cape Virgenes, the Straits of Magellan, Tierra del Fuego, the Pacific Ocean and other milestones.
She is one of the most famous ships in history of navigation.
James Caird, was a lifeboat of the Endurance, adapted by Harry McNish, and sailed from Elephant Island to South Georgia during Sir Ernest Shackleton's 1916 Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. Many historians[who?] consider the feat of the crew of James Caird to be the most impressive of all global navigation.
The original James Caird displayed at Dulwich College, London.
Ancud was the ship that, under an 1843 mandate of the President of Chile, Manuel Bulnes, claimed the Strait of Magellan on behalf of Chile's newly independent government, building Fort Bulnes. Commander of the schooner was Captain John Williams Wilson.
HMS Beagle, a British Navy brig-sloop, was converted into an exploration vessel. The most famous of her three trips was the second one under the command of Captain FitzRoy. On board was the young Charles Darwin. HMS Beagle remained in the Magellan región for almost three years. She is famous for being the ship where Darwin started developing his theory of evolution. The construction of the full-size HMS Beagle replica started in November 2012.
- Antique weapons – The replicas of historic ships are equipped with replicas of ancient firearms such as bombards, cannons, and muskets as well as handweapons like halberds, crossbows, and swords. All these weapons can be used by visitors.
- Ancient sailing instruments – In the different areas of the boats there are replicas of Astrolabes, Nocturnals, Quadrants, Jacob's staffs, Chip logs, and Hourglasss.
- Copies of original documents – The capitulation and instructions given by Emperor Charles V to Magellan and Ruy Faleiro, the accounts of the Atarazanas Reales de Sevilla on the expenditures and revenues of the expedition, the log of Francisco Albo, copy of Ginés de Mafra book, the de Moluccis Insular of Maximilianus Transylvanus, drawings from the book of Antonio Pigafetta, the map of Juan de la Cosa, the book Primaleon of Francisco Vasquez of Palmerin.
On 31 December 2011, the museum announced the construction of two new replicas in its shipbuilding workshop: the Schooner Ancud was opened to public on 5 September 2012. The Beagle replica is under construction.
During summer 2013 the shipbuilding workshop of the Museum built a one third size scale replica of an 18th-century galleon.
Figurehead of 1:3 scale replica of a Galleon built in Santiago by the Nao Victoria Museum Punta Arenas
Media related to Museo Nao Victoria (Chile) at Wikimedia Commons
- "Presidente Sebastian Pinera expreso compromiso..." Radio Natales (in Spanish). 16 August 2010. Retrieved 2012-09-20.[permanent dead link]
- "Día de la Hispanidad" (pdf). La Prensa Austral (in Spanish). 18 October 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "Construyen Replica del HMS Beagle". radiopolar.com (in Spanish). 15 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- "Construirán réplicas navegables de la goleta Ancud y del bergantín Beagle". La Prensa Austral (in Spanish). 31 December 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-11-01. Retrieved 2012-09-20.
- "The 1:3 replica of a galleon of the eighteenth century". April 28, 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
- Official website
- Article of the James Caird Society on Museo Nao Victoria's Replica
- Official HMS Beagle replica construction blog
- Official HMS Beagle replica website