Museum Geelvinck-Hinlopen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Museum Geelvinck Hinlopen
Hgr-voor.jpg
The museum viewed from the Herengracht
Museum Geelvinck-Hinlopen is located in Amsterdam
Museum Geelvinck-Hinlopen
Location in Amsterdam
Established c. 1687 (building)
Location Keizersgracht 633
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Coordinates 52°21′51″N 4°53′28″E / 52.36417°N 4.89111°E / 52.36417; 4.89111Coordinates: 52°21′51″N 4°53′28″E / 52.36417°N 4.89111°E / 52.36417; 4.89111
Type Art museum
Public transit access Tram line 16, 24, or 25
Website www.geelvinckhinlopenhuis.nl

Museum Geelvinck Hinlopen was situated from its opening 1991 till the end of 2015 in a canal-side mansion, the Geelvinck Hinlopen Huis in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. This patrician mansion, close to the Rembrandtplein, was built for Albert Geelvinck (1647-1693) and Sara Hinlopen (1660-1749), then in an attractive and new laid-out section of the city towards the Amstel.[1] In the year 1687 the couple moved into this double wide house, with storage rooms in the cellar, under the attic and in the warehouse on Keizersgracht 633, now the entrance.

The canal mansion 'Geelvinck Hinlopen Huis' is now closed for the public, because the museum (including the rosarium) has moved to new premises. In Spring 2017 the museum opens its new premises in the historic mansion 'De Wildeman' in Zutphen.

History[edit]

Albert Geelvinck came from the upper class Geelvinck family, who had acquired their wealth through merchant shipping to Spain, Africa, Surinam and the West Indies. Sara Hinlopen came from a family of originally Flemish cloth merchants, private investors and in an early stage involved in the governing the city and the Dutch East India Company. Both families belonged to the regents of Amsterdam. The republican Geelvincks delivered five burgomasters (mayors) in the 17th and 18th century. They too served in the Admiralty of Amsterdam, Dutch West India Company or the Society of Surinam.[2]

Sara became an orphan at the age of six. Then she and her sister Johanna were raised by a stepmother Lucia Wijbrants. Because the cooperation did not work out well, they moved in with Jacob J. Hinlopen, their uncle, in 1672.[3] Keen on leaving the house, she married in 1680 the fifteen-year-older lawyer Albert Geelvinck. A few months before the girls came by lot in the possession of the paintings by Rembrandt, and Gabriel Metsu, collected by their father Jan J. Hinlopen.[4]

Twice Sara Hinlopen became a widow. In 1749 she died at the age of almost 89, but blind.[5] The house, her stakes, her paintings and her books, including the cash money (ƒ 2,50), was divided into lots and went to Nicolaes Geelvinck and his three sisters.

Garden and rooms at the Geelvinck Hinlopen House (now closed to the public)[edit]

Between the entrance and the mansion is a spacious and quiet garden. The back of the garden is a Renaissance garden, while the front is a formal and symmetrical French garden with a large pond and a fountain.[6] Most of the time there is an exhibition of statues. Going up the stairs to the main floor of the museum, there are four rooms open to the public.

Detail of the wallpaper in the Chinese room

The Blue room in a Louis XVI or neo-classical style has an ensemble of five wallpaper panels, painted around 1788 by Egbert van Drielst. Van Drielst was a romantic painter, who in his style was influenced by Meindert Hobbema and Jacob van Ruisdael. On all the panels nature is idealized, the horizon is on eyeheight. Originally the panels were designed for a house on the Keizersgracht, then decorating a room in New York and Miami, but since 1990 they are back.[7] On the chimney are two porcelain jars from the factory of Joannes de Mol.

The Red Room is decorated in either a Louis XV or a neo-Rococo style.[8] The high ceiling and the fixed mirrors are impressive.[9] There are six 17th-century paintings in this room: a Flamish fantasy landscape with tree, game and birds by Gillis d'Hondecoeter; also depicting Christ healing the blind. Further there is still life with flowers but without a saint by Daniel Seghers, a Jesuit from Antwerp, a flashy still life by Pieter de Ring, a seascape by Hans Goderis and a winterscape by Antonie van Stralen. On the table is an interesting piece of Kraak porcelain.

The ceiling in the library is in a neo-classical style, resembling the work of the Scottish architect and interior decorator Robert Adam.[10] Adam, was inspired by the Domus Aurea in Rome and the palace of Diocletian in Split.[7]

In the hall one can see a tapestry, made in Brussels around 1600, depicting Cyrus the Great and the rich Croesus, after his defeat and the revolt of the citizens. The story comes from Herodotus, (book I: 155). The carton was designed by Michiel Coxcie, the Flemish Raphael, and the original belongs to the Spanish royal family.[11]

The Chinese Room has eight Rococo wallpaper panels on canvas with fantasy flowers and birds, vegetables and chinoiserie, made somewhere between the years 1765-1775. The artist, working in the cuir de Cordoue manufacture of Cornelis 't Kindt (nl) in Brussels, perhaps used engravings by Jean-Baptiste Pillement, then famous for his Chinoiserie.[12] The table is in scagliolatechnique, and once belonged to Frederick William III of Prussia.[13]

  • In June the museum used to participate in the Open Garden Days.[14]
  • The museum programs concerts, sometimes on historic fortepianos, such as the Broadwood square piano; this program continues now in other historic houses and castles, such as the Posthoornkerk and Castle Heeswijk (near Den Bosch), where the museum has located some of its historic pianos.
  • The first exhibitions in the museum was in 1991 on Antoine Ignace Melling.[15]

Unfortunately, the Museum Geelvinck has moved to new premises. Therefore, the Geelvinck Hinlopen Huis is closed to the public. The new premises will be the Huis 'De Wildeman' in Zutphen (till end of 2015 this was the Museum Henriëtte Polak, which now moved to its new premises in the Hof van Heeckeren). Museum Geelvinck also has a dependance in the Posthoornkerk in the Haarlemmerstraat in Amsterdam (the collection of historic pianos is on view on appointment only).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vier eeuwen Herengracht, Stadsdrukkerij, 1975.
  2. ^ Elias, J.E. (1903-1905, herdruk 1963) De vroedschap van Amsterdam 1578-1795, 2 delen.
  3. ^ Goudbeek, R. (z.j.) Geelvinck Hinlopen Huis. Geschiedenis van het Huis en zijn Bewoners (1687-1998)
  4. ^ Joan Huydecoper jr., their uncle was very keen on gardening and involved in the Hortus Botanicus. As a burgomaster and an uncle he kept an interesting diary with some details about the girls and their marriage.
  5. ^ Het dagboek van J. Bicker Raye, bewerkt door F.M. Bijerinck & M.G. de Boer, (1935), p. 171.
  6. ^ "Robert-broekema.nl". 
  7. ^ a b http://www.bma.amsterdam.nl/monumenten/beschrijvingen/geelvinck_hinlopen?ActItmIdt=114404
  8. ^ W.V.J. Freling (1996) Stucwerk in het Nederlandse woonhuis, uit de 17e en 18e eeuw, p. 52, 272.
  9. ^ Bottenburg, D. & K. Loeff (2001) Tussen Weelde en Woningwet, p. 49-51.
  10. ^ nextroom - architektur im netz. "nextroom.at". 
  11. ^ Catalogo de tapices del Patrimonio Nacional (1986), p. 285.
  12. ^ Donders, P. (2007) Les cuirs dorés de l’église Saint-Berthuin de Malonne et la fabrique du bruxellois Cornelius T’Kint, p. 90-96.
  13. ^ "Home - Flavours of the Farm". 
  14. ^ http://www.canalmuseums.nl/en/actueel/33
  15. ^ Boschma, C. & J. Perot (1991) Antoine-Ignace Melling (1763-1831) reizend kunstenaar.

External links[edit]