Museum of Chinese in America
|Location||215 Centre Street|
New York, NY 10013
|Type||Art, Cultural, History museum|
|Director||Nancy Yao Maasbach|
|Public transit access||Subway: Canal Street, 2 blocks away ( trains)|
The Museum of Chinese in America (traditional Chinese: 美國華人博物館; simplified Chinese: 美国华人博物馆; pinyin: Měiguó Huárén Bówùguǎn; Jyutping: Mei5gwok3 Waa4jan4 Bok3mat6gun2; abbreviated MOCA) is a museum in New York City which exhibits Chinese American history. It is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) education and cultural institution that presents the living history, heritage, culture, and diverse experiences of Chinese Americans through exhibitions, educational services and public programs. Much of its collection was damaged or destroyed in a fire in January 2020. After being closed for more than a year following the fire, the museum reopened to the public on July 15, 2021.
Founded in 1980 in Manhattan's Chinatown, the museum began as the New York Chinatown History Project by historian John Kuo Wei Tchen and community resident and activist Charles Lai to promote understanding of the Chinese American experience and to address the concern that "the memories and experiences of aging older generations would perish without oral history, photo documentation, research and collecting efforts."
The museum moved to a new site at 215 Centre Street in 2009. The space was designed by architect Maya Lin and was six times as large as the old site. The permanent exhibition, With a Single Step, was designed by Matter Practice. In May 2011, Herb Tam became curator and director of exhibitions.
In 2019, the museum relaunched their gift store with a new partner, the Asian American retail brand Pearl River Mart. Called MOCA Shop by Pearl River, the store is a "curated collection of items that hold great meaning in Chinese American culture."
In January 2020, a fire damaged the building at 70 Mulberry Street, where the museum's collection was held, with about 85,000 items potentially affected by water damage. While it was initially believed that nearly all of them might have been lost, a substantial part was determined to be "very much salvageable" several days after the incident. Around 35,000 items had been digitized and backed up before the fire. Much of the collection was restored by disaster-relief specialists who worked to prevent mold growth and preserve structure.
The core exhibition With a Single Step: Stories in the Making of America discusses over 160 years of Chinese American history and is augmented annually with two to four rotating exhibitions on thematic, historic, and artistic subjects.
The Museum in January 2015 presented Waves of Identity: 35 Years of Archiving. The title of the exhibit was inspired by a Chinese proverb, “Each wave of the Yangtze River pushes at the wave ahead.”
- With a Single Step: Stories in the Making of America (September 1, 2009 – December 31, 2023)
- an unlikely photojournalist: Emile Bocian in Chinatown (December 14, 2020 – December 31, 2021)
- Responses: Asian American Voices Resisting the Tides of Racism (July 15, 2021 – September 19, 2021)
- Gathering: Collecting and Documenting Chinese American History (October 17, 2019 – March 22, 2020)
- The Chinese Helped Build the Railroad - The Railroad Helped Build America (October 17, 2019 – March 22, 2020)
- FOLD: Golden Venture Paper Sculptures (October 5, 2017 - March 25, 2018)
- Sour, Sweet, Bitter, Spicy: Stories of Chinese Food and Identity in America (October 6, 2016 – September 10, 2017)
- Stage Design by Ming Cho Lee (April 28, 2016 – September 11, 2016)
- Chinese Style: Rediscovering the Architecture of Poy Gum Lee, 1923–1968 (September 24, 2015 – March 27, 2016)
- SUB URBANISMS: Casino Urbanization, Chinatowns, and the Contested American Landscape (September 24, 2015 – March 27, 2016)
- Yu Lik Wai: It's a Bright Guilty World (October 8, 2015 – August 11, 2016)
- Water to Paper, Paint to Sky: The Art of Tyrus Wong (March 26, 2015 – September 13, 2015)
- Memory Prints: The Story World of Phillip Chen (September 25, 2014 – January 3, 2015)
- Waves of Identity: 35 Years of Archiving (September 25, 2014 – January 3, 2015)
- Oil and Water: Reinterpreting Ink (April 24, 2014 – September 14, 2014)
- The Lee Family of New York Chinatown Since 1888 (October 23, 2013 – June 6, 2014)
- A Floating Population (December 13, 2013 – April 13, 2014)
- Portraits of New York Chinatown (December 13, 2013 – April 13, 2014)
- Front Row: Chinese American Designers (April 26, 2013 – December 1, 2013)
- Shanghai Glamour: New Women 1910s–40s (April 26, 2013 – November 3, 2013)
- Marvels and Monsters: Unmasking Asian Images in U.S. Comics, 1942–1986 and Alt. Comics: Asian American Artists Reinvent the Comic (September 27, 2012 – February 24, 2013)
- America through a Chinese Lens (April 26, 2012 – September 9, 2012)
- Lee Mingwei: The Travelers and The Quartet Project (October 20, 2011 – March 26, 2012)
- Unearthing (May 5, 2011 – September 19, 2011)
- Chinese Puzzles (November 6, 2010 – April 9, 2011)
- Chinatown POV: Reflections on September 11 (September 11, 2010 – November 29, 2010)
- Both Here and There: Yale-China and a Century of Transformative Encounters (September 2, 2010 – October 11, 2010)
- Here & Now: Chapter III Towards Transculturalism (February 11, 2010 – March 28, 2010)
- Here & Now: Chapter II Crossing Boundaries (November 19, 2009 – January 4, 2010)
- Here & Now: Chinese Artists in New York Chapter 1 (September 22, 2009 – November 2, 2009)
As of early 2020, MOCA's Collections and Research Center contained more than 85,000 artifacts, photos, memorabilia, documents, oral histories, and art work. The collection covers a timespan of 160 years and includes e.g. historical Chinese restaurant menus, boat tickets, family photographs, and wedding dresses.
The Museum's previous gallery space on 70 Mulberry Street is used as an archival center and serves as a research center. The Research Center contains applications, such as Web-based versions of gallery exhibitions and an interactive timeline of Chinese American history. The Center also provides resources on topics such as immigration and diversity. The Research Center was damaged by fire in 2020.
Special collections include:
|Name of Collection||About Collection|
|Recovering Chinatown: The 9/11 Collection||Recovering Chinatown: The 9/11 Collection includes images, videos, oral history, brochures, posters, reports, books, scrapbooks, T-shirts, and other artworks that the museum began collecting shortly after September 11 attacks, which occurred near Chinatown.|
|Fly to Freedom Collection||MOCA's Fly to Freedom Collection includes 173 paper sculptures created by passengers of the ship Golden Venture, which ran aground on June 6, 1993. Many of the nearly 300 passengers, most of whom were illegal immigrants from China, were held in detention by the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, some for up to four years. Detainees created sculptures first as gifts to pro-bono lawyers who took up their cases, and later, to pass time during their days spent incarcerated.|
|Oral History Collection||MOCA conducted approximately 350 interviews that make up its 7 oral history collections. The conducted between 1980 and 2013, documenting memories and narratives related to the Chinese American experience.|
|Marcella Dear Collection||Donated in 2006 by a longtime museum supporter and area resident, the Marcella Chin Dear collection includes dozens of textiles, hundreds of imported books, numerous boxes of old records, posters, game sets, instruments, family photographs and letters, store signs, ceramics, pieces of furniture, and tools from the family's home and businesses. The Chin family had remained in Manhattan's Chinatown for five generations.|
|Qipao/Cheongsam Collection||MOCA's first qipao/cheongsam collection, donated by Pamela Chen, includes 77 Chinese dresses that were custom-tailored in the 1930s and 1940s and once owned by her mother, Phoebe Shou-Heng Chen (1917–1993). MOCA's second qipao/cheongsam collection, donated by Angela King and her sister Fern Tse, includes 367 family dresses. Angela King's mother was a fashion designer and was involved in the designs of her dresses, usually ordering specific requirements from China. MOCA donated 262 pieces from this collection to the New York Chinese Cultural Center in 2012.|
|Hazel Ying Lee Collection||Comprising primary artifacts including original personal photographs, family letters, documents, newspaper articles, and memorabilia, the collection describes Hazel Ying Lee's experience as a Chinese American woman aviator during the 1930s and 1940s. It was donated by Hazel's sister, Frances M. Tong, as well as filmmaker Alan H. Rosenberg.|
|CMTA Collection||The Chinese Musical and Theatrical Association (CMTA) collection is composed of approximately 26 intricate opera costumes, 24 rare musical instruments, 20 pairs of shoes, 20 hats, 41 fabric samples, 6 shawls, 21 stage props, and numerous related documents. These items depict the Cantonese opera clubs in North America's Chinatowns from the 1930s to the present. These items also reveal how Chinese immigrants adapted opera to modern settings, as well as how opera clubs became culturally important to immigrants.|
Legacy Awards Gala
At MOCA's 2015 Legacy Awards Gala, the museum honored several people and organizations for their roles in Chinese-American culture. Honorees were the C.V. Starr Scholars, Hong Kong-born American actor Nancy Kwan, and Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates founding design partner William C. Louie.
2014 honorees included:
- Tyrus Wong
- Theodore T. Wang
- Victor and William Fung Foundation Ltd.
2013 honorees included:
2012 honorees included:
2011 honorees included:
2010 honorees included:
- The Chao Family
- Maurice R. Greenberg & The Starr Foundation
- HSBC Bank USA
- Anita Lo
- Bill and Judith Davidson Moyers
- Ben Wang
- Major General John L. Fugh *(posthumous award)
2009 honorees included:
- Ronnie C. Chan
- Charles B. Wang Community Health Center
- Anla Cheng
- Mark E. Kingdon
- Lucy Liu
- Wan-go Weng
- Jerry Yang
- Chinese Americans in New York City
- Chinese American Museum (based in Los Angeles)
- Chinese Historical Society of America (based in San Francisco)
- Chinese Historical Society of Southern California
- Chinese Culture Center (based in San Francisco)
- Chinese American Museum Washington, DC
- Weaverville Joss House State Historic Park
- List of museums and cultural institutions in New York City
- News, Eyewitness (2021-07-13). "Chinatown museum to reopen after massive fire gutted building in 2020". ABC7 New York. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
- "Museum of Chinese in America". Retrieved 2021-07-20.
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- Roberts, Sam (2005-07-06). "City Groups Get Bloomberg Gift of $20 Million". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-09-05.
- Carnegie Corporation of New York Gift Archived 2009-01-16 at the Wayback Machine
- Rothstein, Edward (September 21, 2009). "Reopened Museum Tells Chinese-American Stories". The New York Times.
- Justin Davidson (2009-08-23). "Maya Lin's Big Dig". New York. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
- "MOCA On The Move: Creating A National Museum". Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- "Reopened Museum Tells Chinese-American Stories".
- "Press release: MOCA Announces Appointment of New Curator & Director of Exhibitions". Museum of Chinese in America. 2011-05-10. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "Pearl River Mart's Latest Shop Opens Today at the Museum of Chinese in America". Bowery Boogie. 2019-01-30.
- Correal, Annie (2020-01-24). "85,000 Pieces From Beloved Chinatown Museum Likely Destroyed in Fire". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-01-25.
- Olmstead, Molly (2020-01-25). "Fire Thought to Have Destroyed 85,000 Historic Artifacts in New York Chinatown Museum". Slate Magazine. Retrieved 2020-01-25.
- Nadeau, Barbie Latza (2020-01-25). "85,000 Pieces From Museum of Chinese in America Destroyed in New York City Fire". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2020-01-25.
- Katz, Brigit. "Fire at Museum of Chinese in America Caused Less Damage Than Initially Feared". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 2020-02-01.
- Jacobs, Julia (2020-03-23). "After the Fire, a Chinatown Museum Sifts Through What Survived". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-03-23.
- "MUSEUM OF CHINESE IN AMERICA TO PRESENT 'WAVES OF IDENTITY: 35 YEARS OF ARCHIVING', A MAJOR EXHIBITION IN THE FALL | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". www.mocanyc.org. Retrieved December 9, 2015.
- "WAVES OF IDENTITY: 35 YEARS OF ARCHIVING | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". www.mocanyc.org. Retrieved December 9, 2015.
- "Current Exhibitions". Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA). Retrieved August 8, 2019.
- "Current Exhibitions | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". www.mocanyc.org. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
- "Collections | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". www.mocanyc.org. Retrieved 2020-02-01.
- "About | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". www.mocanyc.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.
- "Highlights | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". www.mocanyc.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.
- "MUSEUM OF CHINESE IN AMERICA'S 2015 LEGACY AWARDS GALA TO HONOR 'BENEFACTORS & BUILDERS' | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". www.mocanyc.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.
- "2015 MOCA Legacy Awards Gala | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". www.mocanyc.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.