Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Trento and Rovereto
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|Museo d'arte moderna e contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto|
The Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Trento and Rovereto (MART) (Museo d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, in Italian) is a museum centre in the Italian province of Trento. The main site is in Rovereto, and contains mostly modern and contemporary artworks, including works from renowned Giorgio Morandi, Giorgio de Chirico, Carlo Carrà and Fortunato Depero. Fortunato Depero's house in Rovereto (known as Casa d'Arte Futurista Depero) is also part of the Museum.
The MART originated in 1987 as an autonomous entity within the (relatively) autonomous Trentino province. It was installed in the Palazzo delle Albere in Trento. The idea of expanding the museum in order to combine both the legacy of the great futurist Fortunato Depero and the disparate inheritance held by the Trento Regional Arts Museum ("Museo Provinciale d'Arte di Trento") dates back to 1991, and was the project, in the first instance, of Gabriella Belli.
Design and construction
Design of the new building was entrusted to the Ticinese architect Mario Botta, who worked on its development with the Rovereto structural engineer Giulio Andreolli. A 29,000 square metre site was available, but between the site and the road (Via Bettini) allowance had to be made for two substantial eighteenth century town houses (""Palazzi). Fortunately there is a gap between the two which provides sufficient space for an entrance.
Botta's solution to the challenges of the site draws inspiration from classical forms (notably that of the Pantheon), but also incorporates technically adventurous solutions. Invoking the mantra, "Space for art, not space despite art", the design involves a "pantheon without a facade", involving three storeys of museum space arranged around a large round "agora", covered over with "glass" dome/cupola with a 40-meter diameter. The structure of the cupola makes extensive use of steel and "plexiglass", and includes a "missing slice" made possible by complex engineering solutions. in the central area beneath the cupola there is a fountain. The wall facings make use of the yellow stone from Vicenza, which was the stone favoured by Andrea Palladio, although the innovative way in which the facing slabs have been attached allows for each to be individually replaced without major structural upheavals, in a way owes little to the sixteenth century architectural maestro. The "agora" can accommodate up to 1,200 visitors Coordinates:
- "Palazzo delle Albere - MART". Infotrentino. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
- Franco Fanelli (interviewer ); Gabriella Belli (interviewee) (September 2011). "Interviste ... Gabriella Belli". Il Giornale dell'Arte. Società Editrice Umberto Allemandi & C. spa, Torino. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
- Doneda Cristina; Pettenella Paola; Reale Elisabetta (2012). "Museo di arte moderna e contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto - MART. Archivio del '900". Sistema Informativo Unificato per le Soprintendenze Archivistiche (SIUSA). Retrieved 2 November 2016.