Museum of Western and Oriental Art
|Location||15 Tereshchenkivska St. Kyiv, Ukraine|
Museum of Western and Oriental Art in Kyiv, also known as the Bogdan and Varvara Khanenko Museum of Art (Ukrainian: Музей Мистецтв ім. Богдана та Варвари Ханенків) is the largest collection of foreign art in Ukraine.
During the Soviet times, the museum ranked the third in the USSR by the value and size of its collection after The Hermitage in Saint Petersburg and the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow. Currently, the Museum is well-known both Ukraine-wide and abroad for its unique collection of paintings, sculptures, etchings, decorative arts of Western Europe, Middle and Far East as well as the Antiquity.
The incomplete list of its holdings includes the West European paintings, Egyptian and Classical antiquity, Italian Maiolica, Meissen porcelain, Persian Ceramics and Bronze sculpture, Japanese xylography and tsubas, Chinese paintings and Chinese porcelain.
Established on September 21, 1887 at number 15 on Tereshchenkivska Street the building is constructed in the style of Renaissance Revival architecture. The building commissioned by Bogdan and Varvara Khanenko displays three towers on its facade and the family coat of arms. The recently restored interior of the building represents various historic epochs and styles.
Bogdan Khanenko was a famous patron of arts, and during his forty-year collection activity he purchased works from art auctions in Vienna, Berlin, Paris, and Madrid. His most valuable purchases resulted from his trips to Italy where he obtained approximately 100 pieces through Rome and Florence auctions.
Shortly after death of Bogdan Khanenko on December 15, 1918 his widow Varvara gave away the entire collection to the city of Kyiv as a charitable gift. On June 23, 1919 the collection gained a status of the state museum.
Throughout the years the collection has increased from 1,250 to over 17,000 artworks, totaling over 25,000 exhibits. It is currently considered to be the largest collection of foreign art in Ukraine. The museum contains a collection of Byzantine icons and the Middle Ages Orthodox applied art pieces. Famous masterpieces include a Portrait of Infanta Margareta by Diego Velázquez. Other valuable pieces in the collection include paintings of Gentile Bellini, Jacob Jordaens, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, Francisco Zurbarán, Luis de Morales, Claudio Coello, Claude Joseph Vernet, and Peter Paul Rubens among many others.
Additional pieces include Egyptian statues and bronze sculptures; antique terracotta and glassware; Roman and Greek sculptures, and other Byzantine exhibits along with ivory, textiles, icons and jewelry.
Gallery of some works on display
Diego Velázquez, Portrait of Infanta Margareta, 17th century
Luis de Morales, St Francis, 16th century
Claude Joseph Vernet, A Storm in the Sea, 18th century
Claudio Coello, Portrait of a Carusian Bishop, 18th century
Jan Weenix, Still Life with Dead Hare, 17th century
Reza Abbasi, Cup-bearer. Miniature, 16th or 17th century
- Kadoms'ka, Mariya (2005-12-21). "History of Varvara and Bogdan Khanenko building" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2007-11-08.
- Prokopenko, Vyacheslav (1995-02-04). "Khanenko gift" (in Russian). Zerkalo Nedeli. Archived from the original on 2005-12-07.
- "Kiev Museum of Western and Oriental Art". kiev.info. Retrieved 2007-03-01.
- Kyiv Sightseeing Guide. 2001. ISBN 966-7022-29-3.
- Andriy Hlazovy (February 1998). "Museum of Western and Oriental Art in Kyiv". Welcome to Ukraine Magazine. Retrieved 2007-03-01.
- The Bogdan and Varvara Khanenko Arts Museum at the Museum World of Ukraine: in Russian. in Ukrainian
- Vyacheslav Prokopenko, The gift of Khanenko, Zerkalo Nedeli (The Mirror Weekly), February 4–10, 1995. (in Russian)
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