Museum of the Revolution (Cuba)
|Museum of the Revolution|
Museo de la Revolución
|Former names||Palacio Presidential|
|Town or city||Havana|
|Current tenants||Cuban military|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Rodolfo Maruri, Paul Belau|
The Museum of the Revolution (Spanish: Museo de la Revolución) is located in the Old Havana section of Havana, Cuba. The museum is housed in what was the Presidential Palace of all Cuban presidents from Mario García Menocal to Fulgencio Batista. It became the Museum of the Revolution during the years following the Cuban Revolution. The palace building had been attacked by the Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil in 1957.
The Presidential Palace was designed by the Cuban architect Rodolfo Maruri and the Belgian architect Paul Belau who also designed the Centro Gallego, presently the Gran Teatro de La Habana. The Presidential Palace was inaugurated in 1920 by President Mario García Menocal. It remained the Presidential Palace until the Cuban Revolution of 1959. The building has Neo-Classical elements, and was decorated by Tiffany Studios of New York City.
The building was the site of an attack in March 1957 where the Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil from the University of Havana attempted to kill Fulgencio Batista. It was a two-prong attack which included the take over of Radio Relox at the Radiocentro CMQ Building. Both attacks failed. According to one of the attackers, Faure Chomón of the Revolutionary Directorate, they were following the golpe arriba strategy and together with Menelao Mora Morales sought to overthrow the government by killing President Fulgencio Batista.
The museum's Cuban history exhibits are largely devoted to the period of the revolutionary war of the 1950s and to the country's post-1959 history. Portions of the museum are also devoted to pre-revolutionary Cuba, including the 1895-1898 War of Independence waged against Spain.
- Havana Presidential Palace attack (1957)
- Humboldt 7 massacre
- Radiocentro CMQ Building
- Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil
- Faure Chomón
- José Antonio Echeverría
- Eloy Gutiérrez Menoyo
- Rolando Cubela Secades
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