Mushakōjisenke (武者小路千家), sometimes referred to as Mushanokōjisenke, is one of the three schools of Japanese tea ceremony. Along with Urasenke and Omotesenke, the Mushakōjisenke is one of the three lines of the Sen family descending from Sen no Rikyū, which together are known as the san-Senke or "three Sen houses/families" (三千家). The head or iemoto of this line carries the hereditary name Sōshu (宗守).
Mushakōjisenke is associated with Sen no Rikyū's great-grandson Ichiō Sōshu (一翁宗守), who was the second to the oldest of Sen no Sōtan's four sons. Like his older brother, he was Sōtan's son by Sōtan's first wife, and through much of his life he lived apart from the Sen house. During this time, he became a lacquer artisan. At the behest of his younger brothers, however, he set up his own tea house, called the Kankyū-an, on Mushakōji street, and became devoted to practicing and teaching the Way of Tea.
Ichiō Sōshu was appointed tea teacher to the Matsudaira clan in Takamatsu, Sanuki Province. Until the Meiji Restoration, the family heir through the generations was in service to the Matsudaira of Takamatsu.
The eleventh leader of the Mushakōjisenke is credited for modernizing tea ceremony in Japan.
|Generation||Personal name||Buddhist name|
|1st||Rikyu Sōeki (1522–91)||利休宗易||Hōsensai||抛筌斎|
|2nd||Shōan Sōjun (1546–1614)||少庵宗淳|
|3rd||Genpaku Sōtan (1578–1658)||元伯宗旦||Totsutotsusai||咄々斎|
|4th||Ichiō Sōshu (1605–1676)||一翁宗守||Jikyūsai||似休斎|
|5th||Bunshuku Sōshu (1658–1708)||文叔宗守||Kyoyūsai||許由斎|
|6th||Shinpaku Sōshu (1693–1745)||真伯宗守||Seiseisai||静々斎|
|7th||Kensō Sōshu (1725–1782)||堅叟宗守||Jikisai||直斎|
|8th||Kyūō Sōshu (1763–1838)||休翁宗守||Ittotsusai||一啜斎|
|9th||Nin'ō Sōshu (1795–1835)||仁翁宗守||Kōkōsai||好々斎|
|10th||Zendō Sōshu (1830–1891)||全道宗守||Ishinsai||以心斎|
|11th||Issō Sōshu (1848–1898)||一叟宗守||Isshisai||一指斎|
|12th||Chōshō Sōshu (1889–1953)||聴松宗守||Yūkōsai||愈好斎|
|13th||Tokuō Sōshu (1913–1999)||徳翁宗守||Urinsai||有隣斎|
|14th (current iemoto)||Sen Sōshu (born 1945)||宗守||Futessai||不徹斎|
- "Senke to Kankyū-an no rekishi" in Mushakōjisenke official website. Accessed August 8, 2008.
- Lau, Wai (2022-11-03). On the Process of Civilisation in Japan: Sociogenetic and Psychogenetic Investigations. Springer Nature. pp. 175, 393. ISBN 978-3-031-11424-3.
Media related to Mushakōjisenke at Wikimedia Commons