Music education for young children

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Music education for young children is an educational program introducing children in a playful manner to singing, speech, music, motion and organology. It is a subarea of music education.

Benefits[edit]

There are many benefits that music provides for children as they continue to grow. The benefits that young children acquire through music include social skills, emotional self-regulating abilities, cognitive benefits, and physical benefits. Socially, children have the opportunity to learn how to take turns and play with others while still playing individually, for example a band of little players each playing their instrument but yet looking at the big picture of playing with a group of little friends as well. Music also allows a smooth transitioning throughout daily activities, whether it be at home or in a classroom setting children get the idea of the following activity.[1] Allowing children to play with others, including adults or older siblings also gives them a boost of self-esteem. Also, different songs show children the different words used for emotions and body awareness, as well as extending their vocabulary in general. Additionally, by extending children’s vocabulary they can also learn of different cultural music and languages, for some the benefit to integrate home within their care-giving setting. Cognitive benefits also include learning how to count, recognizing sequencing and patterns, phonemic awareness, memorizing different songs for different experiences, and simply memorizing songs and their pace and tone. Physically, children’s all around gross and fine motor skills grow rapidly by learning how to move their body to music, moving their bodies to actions of a song, and as they grow by learning how to hold and play an instrument.[1][2]

Forms and activities[edit]

Music education for young children is offered privately through classes and music organizations or integrated into educations private and public schools. Activities and classes can start as early as prenatally or newborn [3] and in private education, music programs are often integrated in as early as preschool. Early childhood music education in public school settings widely varies, but music programs have been established in some schools starting in kindergarten even in remote areas.[4]

Most early childhood music education is accomplished through parent or teacher guided interactive play. Prenatal activities can include singing and playing music so that it can be heard in the womb and continued on with newborns. From birth, children can listen to music and observe other children in music classes and participate in tactile and parent assisted activities. With parental assistance, infants can partake in body movement and rhythm exercises to sung songs and recorded music and through play. As these children develop independent motor skills, they progress to doing these activities on their own. Infants and toddlers are often encouraged to sing and explore rhythm through body movements and percussion instruments such as egg shakers, drums, and xylophones. As young children progress, activities can include concepts that introduce counting, solfege, and notation. Some programs then allow for young children to shift easily into more formalized dance and instrumental instruction starting at a very early age.

Pedagogies of early childhood music education[edit]

Several pedagogies exist which promote specific methods of training young children in music including Orff, Kodály, Dalcroze, and the Suzuki Method are among the most widely recognized of these methods. Many of these pedagogies share commonalities such as music and rhythm development through body movements, folk songs, aural training, and belief that music literacy from an early age is beneficial. Each is known for particular characteristics, such as in Dalcroze Eurhythmics the use of lifelong body movement and expression through music and private instrumental instruction as early as age two in the Suzuki Method. institutions and teachers often use a combination of these pedagogies even if they might be affiliated with only one.

World music[edit]

Studies done on children who have had a musical background, have shown that it increases brain function as well as brain stimulation.[5] When children are exposed to music from other countries and cultures, they are able to learn about the instrument while at the same time being educated about a different part of the world.

The Afghan Children's Songbook Project is a project in the United States focused on preserving and returning traditional Afghan songs, eradicated by the Taliban. This project aims to raise awareness about the importance of learning traditional songs, and of the role they can play in teaching tolerance and cultural understanding, for a group of third to fifth graders in Connecticut. The students learned firsthand about bias and prejudice, and some students shifted their initial beliefs and gained a better cultural understanding of the Afghan people.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Beyond Twinkle, Twinkle Using Music with Infants and Toddlers" (PDF). 
  2. ^ "communityplaythings.com - Learning Through Music: The Support of Brain Research". www.communityplaythings.com. Retrieved 2015-07-13. 
  3. ^ "Suzuki Prenatal and Baby Years". Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Juneau, Alaska Music Matters". Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "Musicians’ Enhanced Neural Differentiation of Speech Sounds Arises Early in Life: Developmental Evidence from Ages 3 to 30" (PDF). brainvolts.northwestern.edu. 
  6. ^ Pascale, Louise Mary (October 2011). "Sharing Songs: A Powerful Tool for Teaching Tolerance and Honoring Culture.". General Music Today 25 (1). 
  • Agardy, Susanna (1985), Young Australians and Music, Australian Broadcasting Tribunal, Melbourne. ISBN 0-642-09805-0
  • Campell, Don (2000). The Mozart Effect for Children. New York, NY: Harper Collins Publishers, Inc. 
  • Cutietta, Robert A.; ill. by Harvey Mercadoocasio (2001). Raising Musical Kids: A Guide for Parents. 198 Madison Ave., New York, NY, 10016: Oxford University Press, Inc. pp. 18–33. ISBN 0-19-512923-7.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  • Chastain, Dr. Jacob; Rev. Jessica Brooks (2007). Lessons Learned in Larsen. Bourbonnais, IL: Olivet Nazarene University Press, Inc.