Music of Portal 2

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Portal 2 is a physics-based puzzle-platformer game created by the Valve Corporation and released on Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 in April 2011. The game, set in the desolate, labyrinthine Aperture Science facility, challenges the player to navigate test chambers created by the artificial intelligence GLaDOS, using a portal gun, a device able to create portals that link two points in space like a wormhole. The game expands on the original Portal by adding new puzzle elements, such as paint that imparts properties to surfaces, plates that can launch the player and objects over distances, tractor beams and bridges made of light.

The game's music includes original scores composed by Valve's Mike Morasky, and two original songs provided by Jonathan Coulton and the band The National. The bulk of the music was released as a freely-available download across three volumes, entitled Songs to Test By, and later in a four-disc retail Collector's edition that included music from Portal.

"Want You Gone"[edit]

Jonathan Coulton, who provided the song "Still Alive" for the first Portal, was asked to compose the game's final credits song, "Want You Gone".

Jonathan Coulton's song "Still Alive", which is sung by GLaDOS (voiced by Ellen McLain) over Portal's end credits, was considered a large part of Portal's success; in designing Portal 2, Valve desired to incorporate more music into the game, including further involvement from Coulton.[1] Coulton wrote a new song for the game's ending credits, "Want You Gone", also written from GLaDOS's viewpoint.[2] Coulton had discussed with Erik Wolpaw about whether an ending song would be necessary, and how they could create "an emotional moment" comparable to "Still Alive", back in 2009 when Portal 2's ending was not yet determined.[3] Other options were considered, such as several "joke songs" and false endings for the game.[3] Ultimately the game's finale, where GLaDOS effectively "breaks up" with Chell, was set by the last quarter of 2010, and Coulton played the game as it had been developed to that point to generate ideas. Elements of the ending, such as Chell being told to leave Aperture with the door slamming behind her, led to the development of main chorus line "I used to want you dead, but now I only want you gone." Coulton wrote the lyrics and composed the song over the course of several days, with John Flansburgh assisting on electronic drums, and traveled to Valve's headquarters in January 2011 to record it with McLain.[3]

In addition to its inclusion in the Portal 2 soundtrack, a version of "Want You Gone" as sung by Coulton appears on his 2011 album Artificial Heart.[4]

"Exile Vilify"[edit]

The band The National worked with Valve to create the haunting "Exile Vilify" used in conjunction with one of the dens of the Rat Man within the game.

The indie rock band The National provided another original song, "Exile Vilify"; its lyrics were composed by the group and reviewed by Valve to ensure they fit with the tone of one of the Rattmann's dens, where it appears in-game.[5][6][7] The National had expressed an interest in doing music for Valve to Bug Music, their publishing label, which the label forwarded on to Valve in discussing other music opportunities for the game. Valve and Bug Music identified that The National would fit well into Portal 2, as their "raw and emotive music evokes the same visceral reactions from its listeners that Portal does from its players" according to Bug Music's spokesperson Julia Betley.[8] The song is considered by Paste to be a "haunted, piano-lead ballad" similar to the band's song "Think You Can Wait" used in the film Win Win.[7] "Exile Vilify" is not included in the freely downloadable Portal 2 soundtrack, but instead was released as a digital single by the band.[7]

After the game's release, Valve and The National ran a contest encouraging users to create their own music video for "Exile Vilify", offering as prizes Valve merchandise and a guitar signed by members of the band.[9] Of 320 videos submitted, Valve ultimately awarded two videos first prize. One video featured a sock puppet that "had nothing to do with Portal" but "managed to beautifully capture the spirit of the song", while the other provided an animated retelling of the Lab Rat comic.[10][11]

Original music[edit]

Valve's Mike Morasky was the lead composer for the game's backing music.[12] In keeping with the theme from Portal, Morasky wanted to create music that kept an "old future through a new lens" approach, such as by using minimalist electronic piano or mangled chiptunes.[13][14] He also wanted to create music that would sound like it would have been composed by a computer, citing the use of "stiff arpeggios, math-like voice leading, odd rhythm patterns and whole tone scales" as a means to achieve this.[14] Morasky also incorporated the briefly-seen singing turrets—all voiced by McLain— in the piece "Cara Mia Addio!" after recalling that she was a former opera singer, and used snippets of her singing to create something that still sounded synthetic.[5] Except for McLain's vocals, all the music is based on synthesized or sampled sounds, and even with McLain, her voice was resampled to make it sound like a computer.[14]

Morasky created procedurally generated music, which is generated in real time based on the player's actions. This type of music system was based on the previous success of incidental music used in the Left 4 Dead series, and was developed to create a generalized platform for reuse in future Valve productions.[14] Such music is generated by the player's interaction with various puzzle objects in the test chambers, such as launching from an Aerial Faith Plate. Morasky designed the procedure to build out the music more as the player completed more of each puzzle.[14] Morasky also saw this as a means to provide experimentation to the player, exploring both space and timing of events to alter the composition of the music.[14] Morasky claims that one piece of music "only repeats itself every 76,911 years, 125 days, 7 hours, 56 minutes and 30.3 seconds".[15] Morasky designed this dynamic music as a reward for successfully completing puzzles.[3]

Songs to Test By[edit]

Portal 2 Soundtrack: Songs to Test By
Portal 2 OST.jpeg
Soundtrack album by Aperture Science Psychoacoustics Laboratory (Mike Morasky)
Released Volume 1: May 25, 2011 (2011-05-25)
Volume 2: July 1, 2011 (2011-07-01)
Volume 3: September 30, 2011 (2011-09-30)
Genre Video game soundtrack, dark ambient
Length Volume 1: 73:39
Volume 2: 62:13
Volume 3: 65:54

Songs to Test By is the three-volume soundtrack for Portal 2, containing nearly all of the music from the game. The soundtrack was released freely to the Internet volume-by-volume between May and September 2011.[16][17] Along with the soundtrack, Valve included several Portal 2-themed ringtones.

Soundtrack listing[edit]

Portal 2 Soundtrack: Songs to Test By – Volume 1
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Science Is Fun"Mike Morasky2:33
2."Concentration Enhancing Menu Initialiser"Mike Morasky2:17
3."9999999"Mike Morasky3:11
4."The Courtesy Call"Mike Morasky3:37
5."Technical Difficulties"Mike Morasky3:22
6."Overgrowth"Mike Morasky2:51
7."Ghost of Rattman"Mike Morasky4:06
8."Haunted Panels"Mike Morasky1:36
9."The Future Starts with You"Mike Morasky3:22
10."There She Is"Mike Morasky4:21
11."You Know Her?"Mike Morasky3:11
12."The Friendly Faith Plate"Mike Morasky2:59
13."15 Acres of Broken Glass"Mike Morasky5:00
14."Love as a Construct"Mike Morasky4:57
15."I Saw a Deer Today"Mike Morasky3:13
16."Hard Sunshine"Mike Morasky2:48
17."I'm Different"Mike Morasky4:29
18."Adrenal Vapor"Mike Morasky2:36
19."Turret Wife Serenade"Mike Morasky1:39
20."I Made It All Up"Mike Morasky3:56
21."Comedy = Tragedy + Time"Mike Morasky3:30
22."Triple Laser Phase"Mike Morasky4:15
Total length:73:39
Portal 2 Soundtrack: Songs to Test By – Volume 2
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."You Will Be Perfect"Mike Morasky2:40
2."Halls of Science 4"Mike Morasky4:35
3."Bots Build Bots"Mike Morasky4:07
4."An Accent Beyond"Mike Morasky2:58
5."Robot Ghost Story"Mike Morasky3:07
6."Die Cut Laser Dance"Mike Morasky2:00
7."Turret Redemption Line"Mike Morasky3:23
8."Bring Your Daughter to Work Day"Mike Morasky2:40
9."Almost at Fifty Percent"Mike Morasky1:59
10."Don't Do It"Mike Morasky5:16
11."I AM NOT A MORON!"Mike Morasky3:47
12."Vitrification Order"Mike Morasky6:34
13."Music of the Spheres"Mike Morasky3:39
14."You Are Not Part of the Control Group"Mike Morasky3:24
15."Forwarding the Cause of Science"Mike Morasky3:41
16."PotatOS Lament"Mike Morasky1:59
17."The Reunion"Mike Morasky3:46
18."Music of the Spheres 2 (Incendiary Lemons)"Mike Morasky2:44
Total length:62:13
Portal 2 Soundtrack: Songs to Test By – Volume 3
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Reconstructing More Science"Mike Morasky2:36
2."Wheatley Science"Mike Morasky2:29
3."FrankenTurrets"Mike Morasky4:08
4."Machiavellian Bach"Mike Morasky4:01
5."Excursion Funnel"Mike Morasky4:32
6."TEST"Mike Morasky6:14
7."The Part Where He Kills You"Mike Morasky3:23
8."Omg, What Has He Done?"Mike Morasky2:24
9."Bombs for Throwing at You"Mike Morasky5:48
10."Your Precious Moon"Mike Morasky1:55
11."Caroline Deleted"Mike Morasky1:50
12."Cara Mia Addio"Mike Morasky2:33
13."Want You Gone"Jonathan Coulton2:21
14."Spaaaaace"Mike Morasky0:45
15."Space Phase"Mike Morasky1:32
16."Some Assembly Required"Mike Morasky1:50
17."Robot Waiting Room #1"Mike Morasky2:14
18."Robot Waiting Room #2"Mike Morasky2:14
19."Robot Waiting Room #3"Mike Morasky2:14
20."Robot Waiting Room #4"Mike Morasky2:14
21."Robot Waiting Room #5"Mike Morasky2:14
22."Robot Waiting Room #6"Mike Morasky2:06
23."You Saved Science"Mike Morasky0:47
24."Robots FTW"Mike Morasky3:38
Total length:65:54

A retail four-disc collection, Portal 2: Songs To Test By (Collector's Edition), was released on October 30, 2012 through Ipecac Recordings. Three of the discs include the music already available (listed above), while the fourth disc includes songs from Portal. A mini-comic, "Turret Lullaby", is also included.[18]

Portal 2 Soundtrack: Songs to Test By (Collector's Edition) – Bonus Disc
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Subject Name Here"Kelly Bailey1:45
2."Taste of Blood"Kelly Bailey3:06
3."Android Hell"Kelly Bailey3:46
4."Self Esteem Fund"Kelly Bailey3:31
5."Procedural Jiggle Bone"Kelly Bailey4:35
6."No Cake for You"Kelly Bailey4:05
7."4000 Degrees Kelvin"Kelly Bailey1:02
8."Stop What You Are Doing"Kelly Bailey4:00
9."Party Escort"Kelly Bailey4:22
10."Your [sic] Not a Good Person"Kelly Bailey1:25
11."You Can't Escape You Know"Kelly Bailey6:24
12."Still Alive"Jonathan Coulton2:56
13."Still Alive" (J.C. Mix)Jonathan Coulton 

Reception[edit]

Kym Dillon of IGN used the soundtrack of Portal 2, amongst a few other soundtracks, as an example how a game can use both source music (music that is part of the game environment) and underscoring (music that is only for the player) to create atmosphere in games; Dillon also mentions that he "especially" liked the game's soundtrack.[19] Alyssa Grimley of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer praised Morasky's composing of the soundtrack and called it an "understated genius".[20] She also praised Jonathan Coulton's song "Want You Gone" for the way in which it reflects the changed spirit of GLaDOS when compared to "Still Alive" from the first game.[20] Kirk Hamilton of Kotaku listed Portal 2 as possessing one of the best musical scores in video games for 2011, praising both the composed songs and the dynamically-generated elements.[21]

For the 2011 Spike Video Game Awards, both "Want You Gone" and "Exile Vilify" were nominated for "Best Song in a Game", while the soundtrack was nominated for "Best Original Score".[22] Portal 2's soundtrack was awarded for "Outstanding Achievement in Original Music Composition" at the 15th Annual Interactive Achievement Awards.[23] The game was awarded the "Best Audio" 2012 Game Developers Choice Awards.[24] The Game Audio Network Guild awarded Portal 2 with the "Best Interactive Score" (along with Kinect Disneyland Adventures), and "Best Original Vocal - Pop" for "Want You Gone".[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ VanBurkleo, Meagan (April 2010). "Portal 2". Game Informer. pp. 50–62. 
  2. ^ Vinson, Dana (2011-04-20). "Portal 2 Ending Song: Want You Gone by Jonathan Coulton Video and Lyrics". G4 TV. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  3. ^ a b c d Keighley, Geoff (2011). The Final Hours of Portal 2. ASIN B004XMZZKQ.  Also available as iPad or Steam application.
  4. ^ Landau, Elizabeth (2011-11-29). "He's not a 'code monkey' anymore". CNN. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  5. ^ a b Portal 2: Collector's Edition Guide. Gardners Books. 2011. ISBN 978-3-86993-038-1. 
  6. ^ Walker, John (2011-03-11). "The National To Provide Song For Portal 2". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  7. ^ a b c Spicer, Nathan (2011-04-19). "The National Release "Exile Vilify" off Portal 2 Soundtrack". Paste Magazine. Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  8. ^ Dutton, Fred (2011-03-11). "The National write song for Portal 2". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  9. ^ Koller, Phil (2011-06-15). "Valve Announces Portal 2 Music Video Contest". Game Informer. Retrieved 2011-06-17. 
  10. ^ "Portal 2 Music Video Contest". Valve Corporation. 2011-08-09. Retrieved 2011-08-10. 
  11. ^ Benedetti, Winda (2011-08-09). "Sad sock puppet wins 'Portal 2' contest". MSNBC. Archived from the original on 2011-09-04. Retrieved 2011-08-10. 
  12. ^ Coulton, Jonathan (2011-04-29). "FAQs About the Portal 2 Song". jonathancoulton.net. Retrieved 2011-05-20. 
  13. ^ Viens, David (2012-04-19). "Mike Morasky interview at PLOGUE". Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f Wilde, Tyler (2011-04-13). "Portal 2's dynamic music - an interview with composer Mike Morasky, and five tracks to listen to now!". GamesRadar. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  15. ^ Saltzmann, Marc (2011-04-14). "Five things you didn't know about 'Portal 2'". USA Today. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  16. ^ Dutton, Fred (2011-05-25). "Valve offers Portal 2 soundtrack for free". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  17. ^ Dutton, Fred (2011-09-30). "Portal 2 DLC release date". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  18. ^ Hinkle, David (2012-09-24). "Portal 2: Songs to Test By (Collectors Edition) out on Oct. 30". Joystiq. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  19. ^ Dillon, Kym (2011-09-18). "The Art of Scoring". IGN. Retrieved 2011-10-01. 
  20. ^ a b Grimley, Alyssa (2011-09-27). "Music Review: Various Artists - Portal 2 [Soundtrack]". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2011-10-01. 
  21. ^ Hamilton, Kirk (2011-12-15). "The Best Game Music of 2011: Portal 2". Kotaku. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  22. ^ Orland, Kyle (2011-11-16). "Portal 2 Leads Spike TV VGA Nominees With 12 Nods". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2011-11-16. 
  23. ^ Bertz, Matt (2012-02-09). "Skyrim Dominates The 15th Annual Interactive Achievement Awards". Game Informer. Retrieved 2012-02-09. 
  24. ^ "Skyrim wins Game of the Year at GDC Awards". Gamasutra. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-03-08. 
  25. ^ Curtis, Tom (2012-03-14). "Battlefield 3, Portal 2, more win big at 10th annual G.A.N.G. Awards". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2012-03-14. 

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