Music of Wisconsin
|Music of the United States|
Wisconsin was settled largely by European immigrants in the late 19th century. This immigration led to the popularization of galops, schottisches, waltzes, and, especially, polkas. Classical composers and conductors from Wisconsin include Hans Balatka, Hugo Kaun, Eugene Luening, Theodore Steinmetz and Sarge Boyd. The Steve Miller Band, with Madison, Wisconsin's Steve Miller, had 3 #1 hits on the Billboard Hot 100 from 1973-82, including "The Joker." The Chordettes, from Sheboygan, had a #1 hit in the US with "Mr. Sandman" in 1954.
German- and Norwegian-American music
The 1830s and 40s brought European dances like the schottische, waltz, galop and, most importantly, the polka. The 1840s also saw massive immigration from Germany to Milwaukee, which became known as Deutsche Athen (German Athens). Groups formed, such as the Milwaukee Musical Society, to celebrate ethnic German music. Some important figures from this era include Christopher Bach, Hans Balatka, Eugene Luening and Hugo Kaun.
While Germans moved to Milwaukee, Norwegians moved en masse to south and west Wisconsin, and surrounding areas. Norwegian musicians like the violinist Ole Bull were wildly popular in cities like Madison.
Drummer Viola Smith from Mount Calvary is best known for her work in swing bands and orchestras in the 1930-40s. She appeared on Broadway, film, and television; including The Ed Sullivan Show on multiple occasions.
A cult favorite from the 1980s was the Violent Femmes from Milwaukee. Boris the Sprinkler was from Green Bay. New wave bands from Milwaukee included Couch Flambeau and The Stellas, later better known as hardcore punk band Die Kreuzen. Milwaukee saw some other hardcore action, but the scene soon died out and Die Kreuzen moved on to speed metal. Madison, Wisconsin spawned the Tar Babies and Appliances-SFB. Later, the noise rock band Killdozer became an indie rock group. The most recent punk rock bands from Wisconsin are Tenement, Jetty Boys, Avenues, The Transgressions, Direct Hit, and Masked Intruder.
Since the late 1990s Wisconsin has had an upsurge in heavy and extreme metal bands that have played across the state, often extending into the surrounding Midwest. Luna Mortis from Madison was signed by Century Media Records and Lazarus A.D. from Kenosha, Wisconsin was signed by Metal Blade. Jungle Rot from Kenosha, Wisconsin is currently signed to Napalm Records.
Since 2003, many metal bands in Wisconsin have teamed up in a loose coalition called the Wisconsin Metal Alliance (WMA) which helps to promote and organize bands while giving them a place to congregate and pool resources.
In 2013, this city hosted the first annual Mile of Music festival, a handcrafted artisan festival featuring among other genres, Americana and folk rock music. The festival draws in tens of thousands of people over four-days and features over 200 artists and 800 performances, encompassing over 60 venues and stretching over a mile of downtown Appleton's College Avenue. This festival is a 'cover free' zone, meaning no cover songs and no cover charges. This is almost a 100% free festival. The city itself has welcomed artists from all over the country and is fast becoming a hot spot for singer/songwriter and folk music.
Appleton also has many summer concert series that go on all through the summer months, including those in its city parks and Houdini Plaza.
The Chippewa Valley, especially Eau Claire, has groups and performers in the indie rock, metal/hardcore, hip hop, jam, blues, bluegrass, and jazz genres. Bands such as Bon Iver, The Daredevil Christopher Wright, and Laarks have achieved varying levels of national success. Eau Claire is also the original home of national artists such as Venison, Another Carnival, Peter Wolf Crier and Megafaun, as well as many of the Minneapolis scene's popular acts including Mel Gibson and the Pants, and Digitata. The later 90s birthed bands such as, Under the Surface and No Loving Place.
Many bands claim origin to La Crosse and the surrounding area. La Crosse has several venues for different genres of music. The Root Note is the prime venue for indie/underground music; JB's Speakeasy is home to all original live music; the Warehouse is the hotspot for alternative music; and the La Crosse Center is the main place for popular musicians performing in the area. Notable bands from La Crosse are Shot To Hell, T.U.G.G, Space Bike, Neon, and Shoeless Revolution. Popular musician Stephen Jerzak also lived in La Crosse and attended high school there, although he has since moved to California. Slow Pedestrians were the first known punk band in the late 1980s (later Mighty Deerlick - Milwaukee).
Madison has an active and varied local music scene. Much of the local music caters to the tastes of college students. Compilation albums, such as Mad City Music, have attempted to extend the local music scene beyond Madison. The nationally successful Madison Scouts Drum and Bugle Corps also make their home in Madison.
A number of bands in the electronic and dark sides of music are alive and well in Madison, including Stromkern, Null Device and Caustic. The scene was started and kept alive through the efforts of Sonic Mainline records, Reverence, and the Inferno nightclub.
Rock band Stone Bogart was from Wisconsin. It later relocated to Tempe. Arizona and then to Hollywood California. All three of their albums were recorded in Madison. They continued to record at Sleepless Nights after relocating. Their singer Sean Anders wrote and directed the movies Sex Drive, Hot Tub Time Machine, Mr. Popper's Penguins, and She's Out of My League. He also directed the Adam Sandler movie That's My Boy.
During the 1970s, Oshkosh was home to the Cimmeron Show Review, a four-piece pop group formed by students that attended the University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh. Cimmeron was considered a show band and specialized in vocals and a well rehearsed stage show. Cimmeron was active from 1972 to 1979 and became a headliner early in its conception. It now hosts Waterfest, a summer concert series that brings in National acts from all and is hosted at the Leech Amphitheater.
- Blush, Steven (2001). American Hardcore: A Tribal History. Los Angeles, CA: Feral House. ISBN 0-922915-71-7.