Musicians of the RMS Titanic

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Titanic's orchestra;
Top: Clarke; Taylor. Middle: Krins, Hartley, Brailey. Bottom: Hume; Woodward. Not pictured: Bricoux.

The musicians of the RMS Titanic all perished when the ship sank in 1912. They played music, intending to calm the passengers, for as long as they possibly could, and all went down with the ship. All were recognized for their heroism.

Members of the Titanic orchestra

Timeline[edit]

The ship's eight musicians - members of a three-piece ensemble and a five-piece ensemble - were booked through C.W. & F.N. Black, in Liverpool.[1] They boarded at Southampton and traveled as second-class passengers. They were not on the White Star Line's payroll but were contracted to White Star by the Liverpool firm of C.W. & F.N. Black, who placed musicians on almost all British liners. Until the night of the sinking, the orchestra performed as two separate entities: a quintet led by violinist and official bandleader Wallace Hartley, that played at teatime, after-dinner concerts, and Sunday services, among other occasions; and the violin, cello, and piano trio of Roger Bricoux, George Krins, and Theodore Brailey, that played at the À La Carte Restaurant and the Café Parisien.[2]

After the Titanic hit an iceberg and began to sink, Hartley and his fellow band members started playing music to help keep the passengers calm as the crew loaded the lifeboats. Many of the survivors said that Hartley and the band continued to play until the very end. One second class passenger said:

Many brave things were done that night, but none were more brave than those done by men playing minute after minute as the ship settled quietly lower and lower in the sea. The music they played served alike as their own immortal requiem and their right to be recalled on the scrolls of undying fame.[3]

List of musicians[edit]

Name Age Hometown Country Position Body
Theodore Ronald Brailey 24 London England Pianist
Roger Marie Bricoux 20 Cosne-sur-Loire France Cellist
John Frederick Preston Clarke 30 Liverpool, Merseyside England Bassist 202MB
Wallace Hartley 33 Colne, Lancashire England Bandmaster, Violinist 224MB
John Law Hume 21 Dumfries Scotland Violinist 193MB
Georges Alexandre Krins 23 Spa Belgium Violinist
Percy Cornelius Taylor 32 London England Cellist
John Wesley Woodward 32 Oxford England Cellist

Theodore Ronald Brailey[edit]

Musicians of the RMS Titanic
Born Theodore Ronald Brailey
(1887-10-25)25 October 1887
Died 15 April 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 24)
RMS Titanic, Atlantic Ocean
Occupation Pianist

Theodore Ronald Brailey (25 October 1887 – 15 April 1912) was an English pianist on the RMS Titanic on its maiden voyage. He died in the disaster.[4][5]

Theodore Ronald Brailey, born on 25 October 1887 in Walthamstow, Essex,[6] was the son of William "Ronald" Brailey, a well-known figure of Spiritualism at the time.[7] He studied piano at school, and one of his first jobs was playing piano in a local hotel.[8]

In 1902, he joined the Royal Lancashire Fusiliers regiment signing for 12 years service as a musician.[9] He was stationed in Barbados but resigned his commission prematurely in 1907.[10] He returned to England and lived at 71 Lancaster Road, Ladbroke Grove, London.[5] In 1911, he enlisted aboard ship, playing first on the RMS Saxonia, prior to joining the Cunard steamer RMS Carpathia in 1912, where he met the French cellist Roger Marie Bricoux. Both men then joined the White Star Line and were recruited by Liverpool music agency C.W. and F.N. Black to serve on the RMS Titanic[5][11] Brailey boarded the Titanic on Wednesday 10 April 1912 in Southampton, UK. His ticket number was 250654, the ticket for all the members of Wallace Hartley's orchestra. His cabin was in the second class quarters.[3][5][12]

Brailey was 24 years old when he died. His body was never recovered.[5][13]

Roger Marie Bricoux[edit]

Musicians of the RMS Titanic
Bricoux 1.png
Born Roger Marie Bricoux
(1891-06-01)1 June 1891
Cosne-sur-Loire, France
Died 15 April 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 20)
RMS Titanic, Atlantic Ocean
Occupation Cellist

Roger Marie Bricoux (1 June 1891 – 15 April 1912) was a French cellist on the RMS Titanic on its maiden voyage.[14] He died in the disaster.

Roger Bricoux (French) was born on 1 June 1891 in rue de Donzy, Cosne-sur-Loire, France.[15] He was the son of a musician, and the family moved to Monaco when he was a young boy.[16] He was educated in various Catholic institutions in Italy.[17] It was during his studies that he joined his first orchestra and won first prize at the Conservatory of Bologna for musical ability.[18] After studying at the Paris Conservatory, he moved to England in 1910 to join the orchestra in the Grand Central Hotel in Leeds.[19] At the end of 1911, he moved to Lille, France, lived at 5 Place du Lion d'Or, and played in various locations throughout the city.[3]

Before joining the Titanic, Bricoux and pianist Theodore Ronald Brailey had served together on the Cunard steamer RMS Carpathia before joining the White Star Line[3][18][20] He boarded the Titanic on Wednesday 10 April 1912 in Southampton, UK.[18] His ticket number was 250654, the ticket for all the members of Wallace Hartley's orchestra. His cabin was second class, and he was the only French musician aboard the Titanic.[21]

Bricoux was 20 years old when he died.[18] His body was never recovered.[3]

In 1913, after his apparent disappearance, he was declared a "deserter" by the French army. It was not until 2000 that he was eventually officially registered as dead in France, mainly due to the efforts of the Association Française du Titanic.[22] On 2 November 2000, the same association unveiled a memorial plaque to Bricoux in Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire.[15][23]

Wallace Henry Hartley[edit]

Main article: Wallace Hartley

Wallace Henry Hartley (2 June 1878 – 15 April 1912), an English violinist, was the bandleader on the Titanic. He died in the disaster. His body was recovered by the CS Mackay-Bennett, a cable repair ship owned by the Commercial Cable Company, registered in London.[24]

John Law Hume[edit]

Musicians of the RMS Titanic
Born John Law Hume
(1890-08-09)9 August 1890
Dumfries, Scotland
Died 15 April 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 21)
RMS Titanic, Atlantic Ocean
Occupation Violinist

John Law Hume (9 August 1890 – 15 April 1912) was a Scottish violinist on the RMS Titanic on its maiden voyage. He died in the disaster.[25]

John Law Hume (also known as 'Jock') was born on 9 August 1890 in Dumfries, Scotland and lived with his parents at 42 George Street, Dumfries.[25] He had already played on at least five ships before the Titanic. He was recruited to play on the maiden voyage due to his good reputation as a musician.[26]

He boarded the Titanic on Wednesday 10 April 1912 in Southampton, UK. His ticket number was 250654, the ticket for all the members of Wallace Hartley's orchestra. His cabin was in the second class quarters.

Hume was 21 years old when he died, unaware that his fiancée, Mary Costin, was pregnant with his child.[26] His body was recovered by the CS Mackay-Bennett, a cable repair ship owned by the Commercial Cable Company, registered in London.[27] He was buried in grave 193 at Fairview Lawn Cemetery, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada on Wednesday 8 May 1912.[27][28][29] A memorial was erected for John Law Hume and Thomas Mullin (third class steward) in Dock Park, Dumfries. It reads:

In memory of John Law Hume, a member of the band and Thomas Mullin, steward, natives of

these towns who lost their lives in the wreck of the White Star Liner Titanic which

sank in mid-Atlantic on the 14th day of April 1912. They died at the post of duty.[28]

Hume and the other members of Wallace Hartley's orchestra all belonged to the Amalgamated British Musicians Union and were employed by a Liverpool music agency, C.W. and F.N. Black, which supplied musicians for Cunard and the White Star Line.[27][30][31] On 30 April 1912, Jock Hume's father, Andrew, received the following note from the agency:

Dear Sir:

We shall be obliged if you will remit us the sum of 5s. 4d., which is owing to us as per enclosed statement.

We shall also be obliged if you will settle the enclosed uniform account.

Yours faithfully,

C.W. & F.N. Black[3][27]

The letter caused controversy at the time when it was reprinted in the Amalgamated Musicians Union's monthly newsletter.[30] Andrew Law Hume decided not to settle the bill.[31]

Georges Alexandre Krins[edit]

Musicians of the RMS Titanic
Born Georges Alexandre Krins
(1889-03-18)18 March 1889
Paris, France
Died 15 April 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 23)
RMS Titanic, Atlantic Ocean
Occupation Violinist

Georges Alexandre Krins (18 March 1889 – 15 April 1912) was a Belgian violinist on the RMS Titanic on its maiden voyage.[32] He died in the disaster.

Georges Alexandre Krins was born on 18 March 1889 in Paris, France.[33] His family was from Belgium, and soon after his birth they moved back there to the town of Spa. He first studied at Academie de Musique de Spa. He then moved to the Conservatoire Royal de Musique in Liège, Belgium, where he studied from 30 October 1902 until 1908, when he won first prize for violin, with the highest distinction.[34][3][32]

As a young man he wanted to join the army; however his parents persuaded him otherwise.[27] He worked in his father's shop and played in La Grande Symphonie, Spa.[27] In 1910, he moved to Paris to be first violin at Le Trianon Lyrique.[32] He subsequently moved to London and played for two years at the Ritz Hotel until March 1912.[27] He lived at 10 Villa Road, Brixton, London and became bandmaster of the Trio String Orchestra, which played near the Café Français.[32] This led to his being recruited by CW & FN Black, Liverpool to play on the Titanic.[3]

He boarded the Titanic on Wednesday 10 April 1912 in Southampton, UK. His ticket number was 250654, the ticket for all the members of Wallace Hartley's orchestra.[32] His cabin was second class, and he was the only Belgian musician aboard the Titanic.v After the Titanic hit an iceberg and began to sink, Krins and his fellow band members assembled in the first class lounge and started playing music to help keep the passengers calm. They later moved to the forward half of the boat deck, where they continued to play as the crew loaded the lifeboats. Krins was 23 years old when he died. His body was never recovered.[3][32][35]

Memorials[edit]

In media[edit]

Film[edit]

Two documentary films have been made about the Titanic's band.

Literature[edit]

Books written specifically about the Titanic's musicians include:

  • Steve Turner's nonfiction book, The Band that Played On: The Extraordinary Story of the 8 Musicians Who Went Down with the Titanic (2011)[38]
  • Christopher Ward's non-fiction book, And the Band Played On: The Titanic Violinist and the Glovemaker: A True Story of Love, Loss and Betrayal (2011),[39] which became a Sunday Times bestseller and was made into a documentary for the Discovery Channel titled, Titanic: The Aftermath (2012).[40] The book details the story of Ward's grandfather, Jock Hume.[41][42]

Music[edit]

  • Harry Chapin's album Dance Band on the Titanic (1977) is dedicated to the Titanic's ensembles and contains a song titled "Dance Band on the Titanic"
  • The album Titanic: Music As Heard On The Fateful Voyage (1997),[43] by Ian Whitcomb and the White Star Orchestra, recreates songs played aboard the Titanic the night the ship foundered, and includes detailed liner notes about the music and excursion

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Turner, Steve (2011). The Band That Played On: The Extraordinary Story of the 8 Musicians Who Went Down with the Titanic. Thomas Nelson. ISBN 9781595552198. 
  2. ^ "Titanic's Band or Orchestra". Titanic-Titanic.com. Retrieved 31 July 2007. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kopstein, Jack (2011). "The Valiant Musicians | World Military Bands". worldmilitarybands.com. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  4. ^ Kopstein, Jack (2011). "The Valiant Musicians &#124". World Military Bands. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Mr W. Theodore Ronald Brailey &#124". Encyclopaedia Titanica. 2011. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  6. ^ Steve Turner 2011, p. 62
  7. ^ Steve Turner 2011, p. 60
  8. ^ Steve Turner 2011, p. 63
  9. ^ Steve Turner 2011, p. 65
  10. ^ Steve Turner 2011, p. 68
  11. ^ Whitfield, Geoff & Mendez, Olivier (2011). "Mr Roger Marie Bricoux &#124". Encyclopedia Titanica. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  12. ^ "Second Class Passengers". titanicsite.kit.net. 2007. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Theodore Ronald Brailey - 2nd Class Passenger on the Titanic from England - Brailey - Family History & Genealogy Message Board". Ancestry.co.uk. 2011. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  14. ^ Ancestry.co.uk (2011). "Roger-Marie Bricoux -Passenger on the Titanic from Monaco - General - Family History & Genealogy Message Board - Ancestry.co.uk". boards.ancestry.co.uk. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 1 June 1891 
  15. ^ a b Titanic-Titanic (2011). "Titanic-Titanic.com • View topic - Roger Bricoux [cellist]". titanic-titanic.com. Retrieved 6 June 2011. rue de Donzy 
  16. ^ Steve Turner 2011, p. 50
  17. ^ Steve Turner 2011, p. 51
  18. ^ a b c d Sha're (2011). "Roger Bricoux [violoncelliste]". titanic.superforum.fr. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  19. ^ Steve Turner 2011, p. 52
  20. ^ Whitfield, Geoff and Mendez, Olivier (2011). "Mr Roger Marie Bricoux | Encyclopedia Titanica". encyclopedia-titanica.org. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  21. ^ titanicsite (2007). "Titanic Site". titanicsite.kit.net. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  22. ^ Mendez, Olivier (2011). "Memorial to Roger Bricoux, Titanic cello player (2000) - 2 November 2000". encyclopedia-titanica.org. Retrieved 5 June 2011. On November 2nd 2000, the Association Francaise du Titanic unveiled a memorial plaque in memory of Roger Bricoux in Cosne-sur-Loire, the city where he was born on June 1st 1891. In 1913, Roger had been considered a desertor by the French army, and it was not before 2000, thanks to the AFT's work, that he was officially registered as... dead. 
  23. ^ Mendez, Olivier (2011). "Memorial to Roger Bricoux, Titanic cello player (2000) - 2 November 2000". encyclopedia-titanica.org. Retrieved 5 June 2011. On November 2nd 2000, the Association Francaise du Titanic unveiled a memorial plaque in memory of Roger Bricoux in Cosne-sur-Loire, the city where he was born on June 1st 1891. In 1913, Roger had been considered a desertor by the French army, and it was not before 2000, thanks to the AFT's work, that he was officially registered as... dead. 
  24. ^ "Titanic band leader's violin is authentic, say experts". News Wiltshire. BBC. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  25. ^ a b Ancestry.com (2011). "John Law Hume". homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  26. ^ a b Blackmore, David (2011). "Boughton resident's book reveals tale of young bandsman on Titanic – News – Norwich Evening News". Norwich Evening News. Retrieved 6 June 2011. He played on at least five ships before the Titanic and he was put forward to play on the ship because they really wanted to cream of the crop to play for passengers. It was such a famous ship and the largest liner at the time and that's what made John really want to be on its maiden voyage. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g Encyclopedia Titanica (2011). "Mr John Law Hume | Encyclopedia Titanica". encyclopedia-titanica.org. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  28. ^ a b Titanic Remembered (2011). "Titanic Remembered – in Dumfries". maritime.elettra.co.uk. Retrieved 6 June 2011. in grave 193 
  29. ^ Ancestry.com (2011). "John Law Hume - Musician on the Titanic from England - Hume - Family History & Genealogy Message Board - Ancestry.com". boards.ancestry.com. Retrieved 6 June 2011. Burial:Fairview Lawn Cemetery, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada on Friday 3rd May 1912 
  30. ^ a b Laing, Peter (2011). "Callous demand on family of Scots violinist who played as Titanic sank | Deadline News". deadlinenews.co.uk. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  31. ^ a b Darroch, Gordon (2011). "A bad note: the bill sent to Titanic violinist who played on as the ship went down | Glasgow and West | STV News". news.stv.tv. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f Encyclopedia Titanica (2011). "Mr Georges Alexandre Krins | Encyclopedia Titanica". encyclopedia-titanica.org. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  33. ^ Titanic-Titanic.com (2011). "Titanic Memorial - George Krins, Spa, Belgium". titanic-titanic.com. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  34. ^ Liverpool Echo (2011). "The Brave Bandsmen - A Belgian Memorial :: Liverpool Echo (1912) - 25 April 1912". encyclopedia-titanica.org. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  35. ^ Passenger 47 (2011). "TITANIC 4 YOU CHAT FORUMS :: View topic - The Titanic's Band / Orchestra". hostmybb.com. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  36. ^ "The Titanic's band remembered in new TV documentary The Band Played On". The Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  37. ^ "TITANIC – BAND OF COURAGE". Cinando. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  38. ^ Turner, Steve (2011). The Band that Played On: The Extraordinary Story of the 8 Musicians Who Went Down with the Titanic. Thomas Nelson. ISBN 9781595552198. 
  39. ^ Ward, Christopher (2011). And The Band Played On: The Titanic Violinist and the Glovemaker: A True Story of Love, Loss and Betrayal. London: Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN 9781444707977. 
  40. ^ Devan, Subhadra (30 March 2012). "That sinking feeling". New Straits Times. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  41. ^ Ward, Christopher (29 February 2012). "What Happened To My Grandfather After the Titanic Sank". Huffington Post. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  42. ^ Davenport-Hines, Richard (20 August 2011). "Book reviews: When the great ship went down". The Spectator. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  43. ^ Whitcomb, Ian (June 10, 1997). Titanic: Music As Heard On The Fateful Voyage (Audio Cassette ed.). Wea Corp. ASIN B0000063DP. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ "Home: Welcome". Yvonne Hume Official Website. 
  2. ^ "Meet the Author". And the Band Played On. Retrieved November 28, 2015.