Adirondack chair

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(Redirected from Muskoka chair)

Adirondack chair
Classic chair with a flat back and angled, contoured seat
DesignerThomas Lee and Harry C. Bunnell
MaterialsWood (original)
wood, plastic, metal (contemporary)

The Adirondack chair is an outdoor lounge chair with wide armrests, a tall slatted back, and a seat that is higher in the front than the back.[1] Its name references the Adirondack Mountains in Upstate New York.

The chair was invented by Thomas Lee between 1900 and 1903 in Westport, New York, but was patented by his friend Harry C. Bunnell, who added some minor adaptations to make it more suitable for convalescents. The chairs were popularized in nearby tuberculosis sanatoriums, where they were favored for the way the armrests helped open up the sitter's chest. The Lee-Bunnell chair, however, had a single plank for the chair back; it was not until 1938 that the fan-shaped back with slats was patented by Irving Wolpin.[2]

Adirondack chairs are now often made by injection moulding and can take any form. Since the 1980s, they have sometimes been marketed in Ontario, Canada as "Muskoka chairs", although the design did not originate in Muskoka.[3][4]

At least one oversized chair has been built as tourist attraction for a gift shop.[5]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Adirondack chair". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 14 March 2023.
  2. ^ Judge Silber, Debra (4 August 2021). "The Feel-Good Recliner That Cures What Ails You". Smithsonian. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  3. ^ Hunter, Douglas (21 February 2018). "Chair Wars". Douglas Hunter. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  4. ^ Rubin, Josh (29 June 2019). "Whose Chair is it Anyway?". Toronto Star. Retrieved 11 November 2022.
  5. ^ "Cloyne Big Chair". issuu.