Martial arts practiced by Muslim Hui
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The Hui started and adapted many of the styles of Chinese martial arts such as Bajiquan, Piguaquan, Liu He Quan, and other styles. There were specific areas known to be centers of martial arts, such as Cang County in Hebei Province.
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- Huihui Shiba Zhou (Chinese: 回回十八肘 – "Hui elbow eighteen style") is reputedly a traditional style of martial arts practised by the Hui. It was considered lost, but in 1970 it was announce that one Ju Kui, born 1886, was a living master of the style.
- Although bajiquan is not practised exclusively by Hui, there are still many famous Hui practitioners of the style today, including Wu Lianzhi (the lineage holder of the style from Meng Village), Ma Xianda, Ma Lingda, Ma Mingda, and others.
- Zhaquan (Chāquán) is widely practised throughout China, but particularly in Shandong and Henan, Zhaquan features graceful, extended movements, as well as various acrobatic maneuvers and many weapons. It was said to have been created by a Hui Muslim named Cha Shangmir to fight against Japanese pirates on the coast of China during the Ming dynasty. Famous Hui exponents of this style include Wang Ziping, Ma Jinbiao, and Zhang Wenguang (who was instrumental in created the modern wushu version of Changquan).
- Qishiquan (Chinese: 七士拳 – "the seven warriors") was reputedly started among Chinese Muslims in Henan, and eventually reached Shanxi. The style, as the name implies, is based on seven essential postures from which sets are constructed.
- Xinyiliuhequan (Chinese: 心意六合拳 – "Mind, Intention and Six Harmonies Fist") is a martial art that developed in Henan province. Although practised and preserved by the Chinese Muslim community in Henan, the style is recognized to be originated by Ji Longfeng (also known as Ji Jike ) of Shanxi province. The Shanxi transmission of this art is carried by the Dai family and transmitted to Li Luoneng, who modified the style more or less into the modern Xingyi practised widely in Shanxi and Hebei. Since the Dai style Xinyi contains practice originated from the Dai family, the transmission within the Muslim community is considered the most conserved lineage.
- Piguaquan ("chopping and hanging fist") is generally believed to have been founded by Wu Zhong, a Chinese Muslim from Meng Village, Cang County, Hebei Province. Wu initially learned the two styles from two Daoist monks Lai and Pi in 1727. Piguaquan is now widely practised all over China, and features long-arm swinging and chopping techniques, some of which have been adapted and included in modern wushu forms (for example, wulongpanda (Chinese: 烏龍盤打)). Famous Hui practitioners of Piguaquan today include Ma Xianda, Ma Lingda, and Ma Mingda.
Notable Hui swordsmen
Further information: Chinese swordsmanship
- The Muslim Chinese General Ma Hongkui personally wielded Dadao swords in combat during training with his troops. General Ma wielding a sword His soldiers also did sword dances with dadao during training.
- The Muslim Chinese General Ma Zhongying made his Muslim troops of the 36th Division (National Revolutionary Army) engage in shadow fencing during practice. During the Battle of Tutung, they used these swords to storm Russian machine gun posts.
- ed. Green & Svinth 2010, p. 343.
- Wong 2002, p. 21.
- Chaquan Cha Fist
- LIFE Nov 1, 1948 Ma Hung-Kwei
- Christian Tyler (2004). Wild West China: the taming of Xinjiang. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press. p. 109. ISBN 0-8135-3533-6. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Andrew D. W. Forbes (1986). Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. p. 120. ISBN 0-521-25514-7. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Wong, Kiew Kit (2002). The Art of Shaolin Kung Fu: The Secrets of Kung Fu for Self-Defense, Health, and Enlightenment (illustrated ed.). Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 0804834393. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Green, Thomas A.; Svinth, Joseph R., eds. (2010). Martial Arts of the World: An Encyclopedia of History and Innovation, Volume 2 (illustrated ed.). ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1598842439. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Chaquan Cha Fist". Martial Arts Database. Retrieved 19 June 2014.