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|Punjabi • Sindhi • Seraiki • Urdu • Rajasthani • Gujarati • Hindi • Marwari • Awadhi • Bhojpuri • English|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Indo-Aryan people • Rajputs • Ranghar • Punjabi Rajputs • Sindhi Rajputs • Pahari Rajputs • Muslim Dogras • Purbiyas • Khanzada Rajputs • Thakurai|
Muslim Rajputs or Musulman Rajputs (Urdu: مسلمان راجپوت) are patrilineal descendants of Rajputs of Northern regions of the Indian Subcontinent who embraced Islam. Today, Muslim Rajputs can be found in Northern India, Kashmir, as well as Punjab and Sindh in Eastern Pakistan. They are further divided into different clans.
Conversion to Islam and ethos
The fact of subsequent conversion to other faiths, did not deprive them of this heritage; just as the Greeks, after their conversion to Christianity, did not lose pride in the mighty achievements of their ancestors, of the Italians in the great days of the Roman Republic and early empire... Christians, Jews, Parsees, Moslems. Indian converts to these religions never ceased to be Indian on account of a change of their faith ...
But despite the difference in faith, where the question has arisen of common Rajput honour, there have been instances where both Muslim and Hindu Rajputs have united together against threats from external ethnic groups.
Medieval Muslim Rajput dynasties of Sindh
The Rajput Soomra dynasty replaced the Arab Habbari dynasty in the 10th century. The dynasty lasted until the mid-13th century. The Soomras are one the longest running dynasties in the history of Sindh, lasting 325 years. They were of Rajput origin, who converted to Islam under the Arab rule. During their reign, Sindh saw a period of relative peace, expansion of commerce and trade, and flourishing local culture.
The Rajput Samma dynasty replaced the Rajput Soomra dynasty. They gained control of Thatta from the Soomra around 1335 A.D. The dynasty is believed to have originated in Saurashtra, and later migrated to Sindh.
During the Sammas saw the rise of Thatta as an important commercial and cultural center. At the time the Portuguese took control of the trading center of Hormuz in 1514 CE, trade from the Sindh accounted for nearly 10% of their customs revenue, and they described Thatta as one of the richest cities in the world. Thatta's prosperity was based partly on its own high-quality cotton and silk textile industry, partly on export of goods from further inland in the Punjab and northern India.
The Gujarat Sultanate was an independent Rajput kingdom established in the early 15th century in Gujarat. The ruling came to be known as the Muzaffarid dynasty. Under the dynasty, trade, culture, and Indo-Islamic architecture flourished. The city of Ahmedabad was founded by the dynasty.
Beliefs and customs
After conversion to Islam from a culturally Rajput background, there was very little difference between Rajasthani and Uttar Pradeshi Hindu and Muslim Rajputs (outside of religious practices). Hence up until recently, marriages between Muslim and Hindu Rajputs also took place.
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- Umedani, Loung V.; Meghwar, Phuloo (2013). "Migratory Aspects of Inhabitants of Indus Valley Civilization- A Historical Perspective". International Research Journal of Art & Humanities (Asianet-Pakistan) 41 (41).
The two main Rajput tribes of Sindh are: the Samma, descendants of the Samma dynasty who ruled Sindh during (1351 - 1521 A.D); and the Soomra, descendants of the Soomra dynasty who ruled Sindh during (750 - 1350 A.D).
- A recent find of 18 AE Coins of the Jams of Sindh, attributed to Jam Nizam al Din, and Jam Firoz
- 1911encyclopedia.org: Hormuz
- [The Global World of Indian Merchants, 1750-1947: Traders of Sind from Bukhara to Panama by Claude Markovits, 2000 ISBN 0-521-62285-9, ISBN 978-0-521-62285-1]
- Archnet.org: Thattah
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