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Musquito (c. 1780, Port Jackson – 25 February 1825, Hobart)(Mosquito, Musquetta, Bush Muschetta or Muskito) was an Indigenous Australian resistance leader.[1] latterly based in Van Diemen's Land. He was born in Hawkesbury/Broken Bay region of Sydney.

After engaging in violent raids on British settlements in the Hawkesbury and Georges River areas, he was gaoled in Parramatta, then banished to the convict colony on Norfolk Island where he lived for eight years.[1] In 1813, he was removed from Norfolk Island, along with the rest of the convicts and the settlement, to Van Diemen's Land. In VDL he worked as an Aboriginal tracker of bushrangers like the infamous Michael Howe and as a servant of the prominent and wealthy settler and entrepreneur, Edward Lord. For his services as a tracker of bushrangers, Musquito was promised repatriation to Sydney on at least three occasions (once on Norfolk Island and twice in VDL) but these promises were never fulfilled. He was involved in the killing of two stockmen at Grindstone Bay in November 1823. Eventually captured with the help of an Aboriginal tracker named Tegg (or Teague), Musquito was charged with aiding and abetting the murder of a Tahitian farm hand named Mammoa and settler George Meredith's servant, William Hollyoak at Grindstone Bay on Tasmania's east coast. Musquito was found guilty of the death of Hollyoak but not Mammoa and was sentenced to death by hanging. The sentence was carried out at Old Hobart Gaol on 25 February 1825.


  1. ^ a b Parry, Naomi. "Musquito (1780-1825)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 

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