Mussaenda frondosa

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Mussaenda frondosa
Mussaenda frondosa.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Mussaenda
Species: M. frondosa
Binomial name
Mussaenda frondosa
  • Gardenia frondosa (L.) Lam.
  • Mussaenda belilla Buch.-Ham.
  • Mussaenda dovinia Buch.-Ham.
  • Mussaenda flavescens Buch.-Ham.
  • Mussaenda formosa L. nom. illeg.
  • Mussaenda fruticosa L.
  • Mussaenda ingrata Wall. ex Hook.f.
  • Mussaenda macrophylla Kurz nom. illeg.
  • Mussaenda sumatrensis B.Heyne ex Roth
  • Mussaenda tomentosa Wight ex Hook.f. nom. inval.
  • Mussaenda villosa Schltdl. ex Hook.f. nom. illeg.

Mussaenda frondosa, the wild mussaenda or dhobi tree, is a plant of Rubiaceae family. It is a smaller shrub 1.5–2 m (4 ft 11 in–6 ft 7 in) tall by 1.5–2 m (4 ft 11 in–6 ft 7 in) wide. Like all other Mussaenda species, petals are visible as well as white leaves just below the flower. Usually they arose with fruits. Known as "Wal buthsarana (වල් බුත්සරන)" in Sinhala language.


The flowers are clusters of orange-yellow tubular flowers beside large, white bracts, set among pale green, oval leaves; berries follow the bloom. The erect, branching stem has a shrubby crown.


Mussaenda frondosa is native to India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia,(Philippines) and Indonesia.



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