Mustafa III

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Mustafa III
مصطفى ثالث
Caliph of Islam
Amir al-Mu'minin
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Mustafa3.jpg
26th Ottoman Sultan (Emperor)
Reign October 30, 1757 – January 21, 1774
Predecessor Osman III
Successor Abdülhamid I
Born January 1717
Died 21 January 1774 (aged 56-57)
Constantinople
Consorts Fehmi Kadın
Mihrişah Sultan
Adilşah Kadın
Aynülhayat Kadın
Rif’at Kadın
Full name
Mustafa bin Ahmed
Dynasty House of Osman
Father Ahmed III
Mother Emine Mihrişah Sultan
Religion Sunni Islam
Tughra

Mustafa III (Ottoman Turkish: مصطفى ثالث‎, lit. 'Muṣṭafā-yi sālis') (18/28 January 1717 – 21 January 1774) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1757 to 1774. He was a son of Sultan Ahmed III (1703–30) and was succeeded by his brother Abdul Hamid I (1774–89). He was born in Edirne Palace. His mother was Âminā Mihr-î-Shâh Sultan.

Reign[edit]

An energetic and perceptive ruler, Mustafa III sought to modernize the army and the internal state machinery to bring his empire in line with the Powers of Europe.

Mustafa III did secure the services of foreign generals to initiate a reform of the infantry and artillery. The Sultan also ordered the founding of Academies for Mathematics, Navigation and the Sciences.

He was well talented and educated . He was an excellent poet, his poetry being written under the pseudonym of Cihangir.[1]

He died at Topkapi Palace, Constantinople.

Personal life[edit]

Consorts
  • Fehmi Kadın (died 1561)
  • Mihrişah Sultan (died 16 October 1805);
  • Aynülhayat Kadın (died 21 July 1764);
  • Adilşah Kadın (died 19 December 1803);
  • Rifat Kadın (died January 1804).
Sons
  • Selim III (24 December 1762 – 28 July 1808, buried in Mstafa III Mausoleum), son of Mihrişah.
  • Şehzade Mehmed (10 January 1767 – 12 October 1772, buried in Mustafa III Mausoleum), son of Mihrişah.
Daughters
  • Hibetullah Sultan (17 March 1759 – June 1762, buried in Mistafa III Mausoleum), with Mihrişah;
  • Şah Sultan (21 April 1761 – 11th March 1803), with Mihrişah, married firstly on 23 April 1764 to Damad Kosa Bahir Mustafa Pasha, Grand Vizier, married secondly on 1 January 1768 to Damad Muhammad Amin Pasha, Grand Vizier 1768-1769, married thirdly on 2 October 1778, Damad Seyyid Mustafa Pasha;
  • Mihrimah Sultan (5 February 1762 – 6 October 1762, buried in Mustafa III Mausoleum), with Aynülhayat;
  • Mihrişah Sultan (9 January 1763 – 21 February 1769, buried in Mustafa III Mausoleum);
  • Beyhan Sultan (13 January 1765 – 7 November 1824, buried in Mihrişah Sultan Mausoleum, Eyüp), with Adilşah, married on 22 April 1784to Damad Celik Mustafa Pasha.
  • Hatice Sultan (15 June 1766 – 17 July 1821, buried in Mihrişah Sultan Mausoleum, Eyüp), with Adilşah, married on 10 November 1786 to Damad Seyyid Ahmed Pasha;
  • Fatma Sultan (9 January 1770 – 26 May 1772, buried in Mustafa III Mausoleum), with Mihrişah.
Mustafa III in his royal robes.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lord Kinross, Ottoman Centuries, (Perennial, 2002), 406.
Mustafa III
Born: January 28, 1717 Died: January 21, 1774[aged 57]
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Osman III
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Oct 30, 1757 – Jan 21, 1774
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid I
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Osman III
Caliph of Islam
Oct 30, 1757 – Jan 21, 1774
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid I