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25 December 1921|
Shibin El-Kom, Monufia, Egypt
31 October 2009 (aged 87)|
|Occupation||Physician, author, Muslim scholar and reformer|
|Known for||Egyptian intellectual|
Mustafa Kamal Mahmoud Husain (Arabic: مصطفى كمال محمود حسين) (25 December 1921 – 31 October 2009) commonly known as Mustafa Mahmoud (Arabic: مصطفى محمود) was an Egyptian doctor, philosopher, and author. Mustafa Mahmoud was born in Shibin el-Kom, Munufiyya province, Egypt. He was trained as a doctor, but later chose a career as a journalist and author, traveling and writing on many subjects.
He wrote 89 books in science, philosophy, religion, politics, and society as well as plays, tales, and travelogues.
He is also known for his popular program (Science and Faith (TV Program)). He is the founder of a mosque, medical clinic as well as a charitable association, all named after him. They are considered to be one of the leading examples of Islamist social services and a redefinition of communal norms in the public sphere in post-Nasserist Egypt.
The material in this section is derived from self-published information by the subject.
Mustafa Mahmoud says that he was raised in a middle-class family. His father was employed as a secretary in the province of El Gharbiyya.
Mustafa Mahmud says he led his early life in a pleasant atmosphere wherein there was no oppression or violence. Rather, he enjoyed freedom and responsibility. In his early age in elementary school, he failed three years consecutively (He was a good student, but after an Arabic language teacher physically abused him, he got frustrated and left the school. But after the teacher reallocated to teach in another school, Mustafa came back to his school to continue studying there), yet he was left without any reproach or blame. In his childhood, he used to lay down ill. Thus, he was deprived of enjoying rough play, and running, which the children used to indulge in. He remained an introvert and spent his early days in imagination and dreams. He dreamed of being a great inventor or a discoverer or a traveler or a famous scientist. His role models were Christopher Columbus, Edison, Marconi and Pasteur.
Mustafa Mahmud chose medicine as a field of study.
In his third year of studies he was admitted into hospital for two years of treatment. He describes this long isolation as a positive contribution to the development of his character, when he could indulge himself totally to reading and thinking of literary works. In these two years, the meditative character was fashioned within himself, and thus the writer was born.
After his recovery, he resumed his medical studies and says that he subsequently realized an immense change within himself. He discovered within himself the artist who reflects, reads, and peruses regularly the major sources of literature, plays, and novels. Owing to this new activity, (which in no time he became an expert at), he began to write regularly to the newspapers, (in his final year of medicine). Accordingly, he had to intensify his effort to graduate and attain success. He started writing for El Tahrir and Rose El Yusef magazines. Due to his illness he graduated two or three years after his colleagues, in 1953.
Mustafa Mahmud describes his frequent travels, starting with his journeys to the Tropics in Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, and the south of Sudan, where he stayed for two months with the tribe of Niam Niam. Thereafter, he traveled to the Sahara Desert, to the oasis of Ghadamis, where he stayed for a month with the tribe of El Tawariq. Furthermore, he traveled to many capitals of European and American countries, such as: Italy, Germany, Greece, France, Canada and the United States; and to the Arab countries, beginning with Morocco and Algeria in the west; and ending with Lebanon, Syria and Saudi Arabia in the east.
There was another journey, one within himself; he boarded the ship of science, knowledge, and religion (starting from the Indian Fideism, Zoroaster, Buddha; and ending with Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Finally he found his comfort and himself in the Qur'an. Thus he concluded his traveling, and devoted himself totally to reflection and contemplation. He lived among the jurists, scholars, and Sufis, and found that the Qur'an is an ocean around which all the branches of knowledge gather together.
He wrote five books criticizing the Marxist thought: Islamic left Fib; Marxism and Islam; Leftism Collapse; Why Did I Refuse Marxism?; and The Antichrist. He was persuaded that Marxism was one of the pickaxes which destroyed the current civilization; at worst, it was an instrument that caused the creation of a spiteful, negative and rejecting character. He has seventy-five books published, six of them were adapted for stage: (Earthquake; Man and Shade; The Great Alexander; The Social Gang (Shilla-t 'Uns); Blood Odor; The Devil Lives in our House), one of them (The Impossible) was presented as a film; twenty-five books deal with Islamic subjects; and the rest consists of studies and short stories. TV presented for him more than four hundred episodes of the program "Science and Faith", in which the movie, scientific substance and Sufi meditation guide us to the faith in God.
In the year 1960,he left his medical career, devoting himself totally to writing for newspapers. As a physician, moving from one hospital to another (particularly, among the Hospitals of Chest Diseases in Abbasiyya, Chest diseases in 'Almazha, Chest diseases in Dumyat, and the dispensary of Umm el-Masriyyeen), between the years 1953 and 1960, all had a great influence on his writings, principally: Storehouse No. 7 (`Anbar 7), the Social Gang (Shilla-t 'Uns), and Eating Bread (Akl-`Aysh). In the meantime, it had an influence on his scientific and anatomical access to the public adversities, to the human soul and to the characters he dealt with in all his writings.
Another character who had a profound effect on him was his father, whose long-time illness, patience, faith, and pure innate nature remained in his mind throughout his life. As he grew older and encountered life's affairs in his thirties, a woman played a great role in and had an effectual control on his life, as a friend, a dialogist, and a lover. His faults were always due to losing control of himself when he looked at any beautiful things. Above all, he believed that no man is a perfect one unless he has found a woman to love, to marry, to have children with, and to feel parenthood and establish a family.
Mustafa Mahmud says that his first marriage in 1961 was not successful, though from it, he was endowed with a girl and a boy, Amal and Adham. The marriage ended in 1973. His second marriage in 1983 was also unsuccessful and ended in 1987. The reason behind these divorces was the passion of writing that controlled his life, his preoccupation with his work and finally his isolation. Yet both of them were to be blamed.
He died on August 31st 2009.
- Understanding The Qur'an : A Contemporary Approach ISBN 1-59008-022-X
- Kalimat as-sirr. al-Qāhira: Dār Aḫbār al-Yaum. 1998. ISBN 977-08-0694-3.
- Al-Islam Al-Siyasi Wa-Al-Marakah Al-Qadimah (Political Islam and the upcoming battle) ISBN 977-08-0403-7
- Qiraah Lil-Mustaqbal (Reading for the future) ISBN 977-08-0037-6
- Al-Sual Al-hair ISBN 977-02-2611-4 The Perplexed Question)
- Haqiqat Al-Bahaiyah (Bahai Facts) (1985) ISBN 977-02-1502-3
- Marxism and Islam (1984) ISBN 977-02-0969-4
- Ayyuha Al-Sadah - Ikhlau Al-Aqniah (Gentlemen, Unveil These Masks)(1984) ISBN 977-02-0901-5
- Al-Islam - Ma Huwa (What is Islam?) (1984) ISBN 977-02-1110-9
- Hal Huwa asr Al-Junun (Is It The Age of Insanity) (1983) ISBN 977-02-0499-4
- Min Amrika Ila Al-Shati Al-akhar (From America to the other shore) (1982) ISBN 977-02-0255-X
- Dialog Antara Muslim Dan Atheis (1981) ISBN 9971-77-021-0
- Ukdhubat Al-Yasar Al-Islami (1978) ISBN 977-247-404-2
- Al-Islam fi khandak
- Al Hob al kadeem (The old love)
- Al Roh wal Gsad (The Spirit & The Body)
- Al Sir Al A'zam (The Greatest Secret)
- Al Sirk (The Circus)
- Al Shaytan Yahkom (The Devil Rules )
- Al Ghad al Moshta'il (The Burning Tomorrow)
- Al Quran Ka'in Hai (Quran: A Living Creature)
- Al Wgoud wal 'dm (Existence and nothingness)
- Einstein and Relativity
- Gohnam el-so'ra
- Hekayat Mosafer
- Ra'it Allah (I Saw God)
- Rehlati men al shak ila al iman (My journey from Doubt to Belief)
- Al- Ankabout (The Spider)
- Asr el-orood (Age of Monkeys)
- In Love and Life
- Death mystery
- Fire under the ashes
- Getting out of the Coffin
- Adventure in the Desert
- Quran: serious attempt to a modern understanding
- Allah (GOD)
- Smell of the Blood
- Israel: The Beginning and The End
- What's Behind The Gate of Death
- Hiwar Ma'a Sadeeqy Al Molhed (A conversation with My Atheist Friend)
- Elm Nafs Qur'ani Jadeed (New Qur'anic Psychology)
Memorials, honors and awards
- 1995 Literature State Appreciation Award (Egypt)
- Mustafa Mahmud Square, Cairo, Egypt
- (296753) Mustafamahmoud, asteroid
- "The Founder...A Biography" (in Arabic). Mustafa Mahmud. Retrieved 2009-03-05.
- "The Mukhabarat and Mahmoud: who mattered more to Egypt in the long run?". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
- Salvatore, Armando (2001). Muslim Traditions and Modern Techniques of Power. LIT Verlag Münster. ISBN 9783825848019.
- "Biedermann mit zündelnden Freunden: Mustafa Mahmud: Kairos Konsalik". Die Zeit (in German). 1994-09-23. ISSN 0044-2070. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
- "وفاة المفكر المصري مصطفى محمود" (in Arabic). Retrieved 2017-10-10.
- Science and Faith episodes in a Youtube playlist
- The Astronomical Society of Mahmoud Mosque
- A documentary produced by Al Jazeera Documentary Channel about Life of Mustafa Mahmoud-Part 1/2
- A documentary produced by Al Jazeera Documentary Channel about Life of Mustafa Mahmoud-Part 2/2