|Member of Parliament|
for Petro Poroshenko Bloc
27 November 2014 – 24 July 2019
|Born||June 28, 1981|
Kabul, Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
|Political party||Democratic Alliance|
|Petro Poroshenko Bloc (until August 2016)|
|Alma mater||Kyiv Polytechnic Institute|
|Occupation||publicist; journalist of Kommersant, Ukrayinska Pravda, and Hromadske.TV|
Mustafa Masi Nayyem (Ukrainian: Мустафа Найєм, Pashto: مصطفی نعیم) is an Afghan-Ukrainian journalist, MP, and public figure who is one of the initiators of Euromaidan. Formerly, he was a reporter for the newspaper "Kommersant Ukraine", the TVi channel, and the Internet newspaper Ukrayinska Pravda. He also participates in Ukrainian journalists' anti-censorship movement, "Stop the censorship!" (Ukrainian: Стоп цензурі!, Stop tsenzuri!), and Hromadske.TV. In the parliamentary elections on October 26, 2014, he was elected to the Ukrainian parliament on the list of Petro Poroshenko Bloc. He has been described as a reformist parliamentarian. Nayyem did not take part in the 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election.
Personal life and education
Nayyem was born in Kabul in 1981 and lived in an elite district near Hafizullah Amin's palace. In 1984, ten days after his younger brother Masi Nayyem (Russian: Маси Найем) was born, their mother died. He has stated that he is a Pashtun and "Muslim by birth". His native tongue is Dari which is similar to Farsi. In Afghanistan, his father, Muhammad Haim (Ukrainian: Мухаммад Наїм), had been Minister of Education and was responsible for the construction of educational facilities before the USSR invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979. After the Soviet invasion, his father did not want to work for the Soviets and quit his post. In 1987 and because of the destruction of the ongoing Soviet Union's War in Afghanistan, his father went to Moscow to study and met Ukrainian Valentina Kolechko (Ukrainian: Валентиною Колечко) (Russian: Валентиной Колечко) whom he later married in early 1989. Mustafa Nayyem became fluent in Russian and Ukrainian after he moved with his father to Moscow in August 1989[a] living near the Nakhimovsky Prospekt metro station and later to Kyiv in 1990 attending 61st school near the Lukyanovskaya market.
He and Anastasia Ivanova (Ukrainian: Анастасія Іванова), who is from Lviv and was a photographer for Kommersant-Ukraine (Ukrainian: Коммерсантъ Украина), have a son, Mark-Mikhei (Ukrainian: Марк-Міхей) (born 13 January 2008), and both mother and son are Jewish.
His brother Masi Nayem is a lawyer and, in April 2016, deployed as a Ukrainian paratrooper to the Donbass - Avdeevsky industrial zone which was the hottest point of war during the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
In 2009, Nayyem received national attention following Ukrayina TV channel's live discussion with then-presidential candidate Viktor Yanukovych. During the discussion, he questioned Yanukovych about the latter's acquisition of the Mezhyhirya Residence. In 2010, Nayem was briefly detained by police officers, reportedly as a result of racial profiling for "persons of Caucasian appearance" (a common local term for people from the Caucasus). The following day, Nayem wrote an article in which described the events that led to his detention. He stated, "Xenophobia should not become the face of Ukrainian nationality" and requested the firing of one of the officers responsible.
Nayyem frequently contributes news and articles to Ukrayinska Pravda. From September 2011 to late April 2013, he worked for the Ukrainian television channel TVi. After resigning due to a conflict with the channel's new management, he started a web project together with colleagues who also left the channel. Their project was named Hromadske.TV.
Using Facebook, Nayem was one of the first activists to urge Ukrainians to gather on Independence Square in Kiev to protest Viktor Yanukovych's decision to "pause" preparations for signing an association agreement with the European Union. His post[b] on Facebook on November 21, 2013, was a summons to rally for the Euromaidan protests which led to the overthrow of the Yanukovych government.
Nayyem was included in the electoral list of Petro Poroshenko Bloc and elected to the Verkhovna Rada on the parliamentary elections of October 26, 2014. He is one of dozens of Euromaidan activists who are trying to pivot from street politics into politics, where they hope to spearhead reform and turn Ukraine into a prosperous European state. Nayyem is a member of the Committee of the Verkhovna Rada on issues of European integration in the 8th convocation of parliament. At the Rada session on 2 December 2014 he was the only deputy who voted against the cabinet of Arseniy Yatsenyuk. Gradually he began to criticize the Petro Poroshenko Bloc (PPB) more and more and stopped voting in sync with it. According to deputy head of the PPB faction Oleksiy Honcharenko by February 2019 he had not attended PPB faction meetings for several years.
In August 2016 Nayyem joined the (political party) Democratic Alliance. From Autumn 2015 until June 2016, he had been part of an attempt to form a political party around then Governor of Odessa Oblast Mikheil Saakashvili with members of the parliamentary group Interfactional Union "Eurooptimists", Democratic Alliance and possibly Self Reliance until this projection collapsed in June 2016.
On 28 February 2019 Nayyem voluntarily left the BPP faction.
Cultural print in Ukrainian politics
Ukrainian entertaining group "Kvartal 95" mentioned Nayyem in their song about Ihor Kolomoyskyi (the name of latter omitted in the song) and their meeting in relation to the "Ukrnafta issue" that surfaced in the Ukrainian media soon after Euromaidan events.
- Later, his father brought his brother Masi to Moscow in 1990.
- He posted, "Зустрічаємося о 22:30 під монументом Незалежності. Одягайтеся тепло, беріть парасольки, чай, каву, гарний настрій і друзів. Перепост всіляко вітається!" ("Meet you at 10:30 pm under the Monument of Independence. Wear warmth, take umbrellas, tea, coffee, good mood and friends. Repost in every possible way Welcome!")
- "CEC registers 357 newly elected deputies of 422". National Radio Company of Ukraine. 25 November 2014. Archived from the original on 4 December 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
"Parliament to form leadership and coalition on November 27". UNIAN. 26 November 2014. Archived from the original on 1 December 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- Quartz (28 October 2014). "A crazy 36 hours with the man who started Ukraine's revolution". Kyiv Post. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Найєм Мустафа-Масі" [Nayyem Mustafa-Masi]. Народний депутат України VIII скликання (People's Deputy of Ukraine of the 8th convocation) (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 15 February 2015.
- "Ukraine strips one of its president's rivals of his citizenship". The Economist. 28 July 2017. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
- Найем, Мустафа (Mustafa, Nayyem) (21 June 2019). "У МЕНЯ ХОРОШИЕ НОВОСТИ" [I have good news]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Russian). Archived from the original on 21 June 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
- Григораш, Анна (Grigorash, Anna) (6 July 2015). "I/am/from: Мустафа Найем рассказывает о Кабуле" [I / am / from: Mustafa Nayyem talks about Kabul]. БЖ (BZH) (in Russian). Archived from the original on 4 September 2019. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
- Рунец, Владимир (Runets, Vladimir); Любыш-Кирдей, Иван (Lyubysh-Kirdey, Ivan) (12 February 2019). ""Где война, там родина". История братьев Найем, которых увезли в СССР от войны в Афганистане" ["Where there is war, there is homeland." The story of the Nayyem brothers who were taken to the USSR from the war in Afghanistan]. currenttime.tv (in Russian). Archived from the original on 13 February 2019. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
- Найем, Мустафа (Mustafa, Nayyem) (17 December 2009). "Мустафа Найем: Мой сын - еврей" [Mustafa Nayyem: My son is Jewish]. From-UA.com (in Russian). Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 17 December 2009.
- Щур, Майкл (Shchur, Michael) (16 November 2014). "Мустафа Найем в гостях" [Interview with Mustafa Nayem]. Телебачення Торонто «УТ-Торонто» «Українське телебачення Торонто» (ГО «УТ-Торонто») (in Russian).
- "Мустафа Найєм: де його дружина, вражаючі фото" [Mustafa Nayem: where is his wife, amazing photos]. UAportal (in Ukrainian). 28 February 2019. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
- Leschchenko, Serhiy (13 January 2008). "Мустафа Найєм. Перезавантаження-1" [Mustafa Nayem. Restart-1]. Leshchenko Blog. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
- Nayyem, Mustafa (2014). "автобіографія" [Autobiography] (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 6 December 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Найєм оголосив про старт нового проекту колишніх журналістів ТВі" [Nayem announced the launch of a new project of former journalists TBi]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 30 April 2013. Archived from the original on 30 April 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
- "«Громадське ТБ»: «Все гірше, ніж ви думаєте, але надія є»" [Public TV: It is worse than you think, but there is hope]. Телекритика (in Ukrainian). 14 June 2013. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Kotsyuba, Oleh (29 November 2013). "Ukraine's Battle for Europe". New York Times. Archived from the original on 30 November 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- "Мустафа Найєм" [Mustafa Nayem]. Obozrevatel (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 9 January 2020.
- "Uprising in Ukraine: How It All Began". Open Society Foundations: voices. 4 April 2014. Archived from the original on 18 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- The Streets To The Rada: Euromaidan Activists Enter Politics[permanent dead link], October 29, 2014
- "Committee on issues of European integration". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- Поіменне голосування про проект Постанови про формування складу Кабінету Міністрів України (№1008) "Roll-call vote on the draft Resolution on the formation of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine"
- "Лещенко, Найєм і Заліщук покидають БПП. Чому зараз і що далі?" [Leshchenko, Naim and Zalishchuk leave the BPP. Why now and what's next?]. BBC Ukrainian (in Ukrainian). 28 February 2019. Archived from the original on 1 March 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
"Three MPs intend to leave BPP parliamentary faction". Ukrinform. 28 February 2019. Archived from the original on 1 March 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
- "A new party for Ukraine's euro-optimists?". openDemocracy. 15 August 2016. Archived from the original on 26 March 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
- Романюк, Роман (Romaniuk, Roman); Кравець, Роман (Kravets, Roman) (4 July 2016). "Труднощі амбіцій. Чому молоді політики не можуть домовитися про єдину партію" [Difficulties of ambition. Why young politicians can not agree on a single party]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 4 July 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
- "Ex-MP Nayem appointed Deputy Director General of Ukroboronprom". 112.international. 21 November 2019. Archived from the original on 22 November 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
- Live sharply and do not let anything drive you down! Glory to Ukraine! Song of Kolomoyskiy (Живите четко и не косячьте! Слава Украине! | Песня Коломойского). Vecherniy Kvartal at YouTube. 23.05.2015
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