Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri

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Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri Noori
Born 26th Zil Hajj 1310 AH (18 July 1892)
Bareilly
Died Bareilly
Era Modern
Religion Islam
Jurisprudence Hanafi
Main interest(s) Fiqh,Tafseer,Hadees
Notable idea(s) Love Those Who Loves ALLAH And His Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam
Notable work(s) Fatawa Mustawafiyah Etc
Basmala.svg
Part of a series on
The Barelvi movement
Barelvihead.png
Tomb of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Qadri
Founders and Central figures

Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi
Peer Jamaat Ali Shah
Hamid Raza Khan
Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri
Maulana Abdul Hamid Qadri Badayuni
Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari
Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi
Shah Turab ul Haq

History/Movement

All India Sunni Conference
Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat
Shaheed Ganj Mosque
Movement against Shuddhi
Shah Bano Movement

Notable Scholars

Past
Khwaja Qamar ul Din Sialvi
Shah Ahmad Noorani
Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi
Arshadul Qaudri
Shamsul-hasan Shams Barelvi
Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi
Sahibzada Haji Muhammad Fazal Karim
Nurul Islam Farooqi

Present
Ashraf Asif Jalali
Khadim Hussain Rizvi
Qamaruzzaman Azmi
Ameen Mian Qaudri
Sheikh Aboobacker Ahmed
Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri
Muhammad Arshad Misbahi
Hamid Saeed Kazmi
Yaseen Akhtar Misbahi
Mukarram Ahmad
Muhammad Saeed Noori
Akhtar Raza Khan

Institutions

India

Jamiatur Raza Bareilly
Manzar-e-Islam Bareilly
Al Jamiatul Ashrafia Azamgarh
Al-Jame-atul-Islamia Mau
Jamia-tul-Madina Global
Jamia Markazu Ssaquafathi Ssunniyya Kerala
Jamia Nizamia Hyderabad,

Pakistan

Jamia Nizamia Ghousia
Jamia Naeemia Lahore
Jamia Amjadia Rizvia
Jamia-tul-Madina

'United Kingdom

Jamia Al-Karam
Al-Mustafa Islamic Cultural Centre Ireland

Literature and Notable Works

Kanzul Iman, Fatawa-e-Razvia
Bahar-e-Shariat, Husamul Haramain
Manaqib-al-Jaleela

Organizations
Dawat e Islami

World Islamic Mission
Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan
Jamaat Ahle Sunnat
Sunni Tehreek
Sunni Ittehad Council
Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatme Nabuwwat
Tanzeem ul Madaris
Raza Academy
Dargah-e-Ala Hazrat

Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri, also known as Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Grand Jurist of India), was a significant Muslim scholar. He was born Monday, 22nd of Zil Hijjah 1310 AH (18 July 1892) in the city of Bareilly Shareef, India. Khan was the son of the Islamic scholar Ahmed Raza Khan.[1] He wrote several books on Islam in Arabic, Urdu, Persian, Hindi and announced judgments on several thousand Islamic problems in his compilation of Fatawa Fatawa-e-Mustafwia. Thousands of Islamic scholars were counted as his spiritual successors.[2] Due to his popularity and knowledge, the Barelwi movement accepted him as its leader after the death of Ahmed Raza Khan. He was the main leader of All India Jamaat Raza-e-Mustafa[3] in Bareilly city which initiated counter to Shuddhi Movement to save Muslims from being converted into Hinduism in undivided India.[2][4] During the time of emergency in India, he issued a fatwa against vasectomy and refuted then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.[5][6]

Life[edit]

His First Fatawa[edit]

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan brilliance as an Islamic Scholar manifested itself when he was a still a youth, but overflowing with knowledge and wisdom. He wrote his first historical Fatawa (Islamic Ruling) when he was only 13 years old. It dealt with the topic of "Raza'at" - affinity between persons breast fed by the same woman. After this Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan spent another 12 years writing Fatawas at the feet of AalaHazrat. He was given this immense responsibility of issuing Fatawas even while AalaHazrat was in this physical world. He continued this trend until his last breath. The stamp which was given to him was mislaid during his second Hajj when his bags were lost.[7]

Character and Habits[edit]

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan possessed great heights of good character, moral standards, kindness, sincerity, love and humbleness. He never refused the invitation of any poor Muslim. He always stayed away from those who were very wealthy and lavish. He was the possessor of great moral and ethical values. It is stated that once Akbar Ali Khan, a Governor of U.P., came to visit Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind. Mufti-e-Azame-Hind did not meet him but left to a place called Puraana Shahar (Old City) to visit a poor Sunni Muslim who was very ill and at the doorstep of death. On another occasion, Fakhruddeen Ali Ahmad, the President of India, came to visit Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind but was refused this opportunity.[7]

Works[edit]

Books & Treaties[edit]

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan was a great Muhaqqiq (Philosopher) and Musannif (Author). His writings were filled with the rays of knowledge of his distinguished father, AalaHazrat, Ash Shah Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al Qaderi. All his works displayed great research. It seemed as if his works were overflowing with the "research of Imam Ghazzali, the rareness of Imam Raazi and the rays of knowledge of Imam Jalaluddeen Suyuti ". Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind wrote a number of books in his blessed lifetime:[8]

  • Fatawa-e-Mustafwia (Judgments of Mustafa Raza)
  • Al Malfoozat of Ala Hazrat (Sayings of Ahmed Raza Khan)
  • Saman-e-Bakhshish (Compilation of Islamic Poetry in the Honor of Prophet Muhammad)[9]
  • Taqiya Baazi (Hidden faces of Wahabism)
  • Waqat-us-Sinan، Adkhal-us-Sinan، Qahr Wajid Diyan
  • Turq-ul-Huda Wal Irshad Ilaa Ahkam Al Amara Wal Jehad
  • Tasheeh Yaqeen Bar Khatm-e-Naiyeeen
  • Tardush Shaitan An Sabee Lur Rehman (Fatwa Refuting Government Of Saudi Arabia For Imposing Tax On Pilgrims In 1365 A.H)
  • No Caste is Inferior

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Usha Sanyal. Generational Changes in the Leadership of the Ahl-e Sunnat Movement in North India during the Twentieth Century. Modern Asian Studies (1998), Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ a b Ridgeon, L. (2015). Sufis and Salafis in the Contemporary Age. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 187. ISBN 9781472532237. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  3. ^ "JRM". jamatrazaemustafa.org. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  4. ^ Hasan, M.; Jamia Millia Islamia (India). Dept. of History (1985). Communal and pan-Islamic trends in colonial India. Manohar. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  5. ^ Arun Shourie, The World of Fatwas or the Sharia in Action, pg. 135. ASA Publications, 1995. ISBN 9788190019958
  6. ^ "Shajrah-E-Muqad'das of the Silsila Aaliyah Qaaderiyah Barakaatiyah Radawiyyah" (PDF). 11 April 2011. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  7. ^ a b "Hazrat Muhammed Mustafa Raza Khan ‎(رضي الله عنه) | Aulias World". auliasworld.com. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  8. ^ "maulana mufti mustafa raza khan - Nafeislam.Com | Islam | Quran | Tafseer | Fatwa | Books | Audio | Video | Muslim | Sunni - Nafseislam.Com". books.nafseislam.com. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  9. ^ "Saman-e-Bakhshish - اسلامی شاعری و نعتیہ دیوان - - Sunni Library - Alahazrat Network". alahazratnetwork.org. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 

External links[edit]