Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri

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Muslim scholar
Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri Nori
Title Sheikh,
Born 22nd of Zil Hijjah 1310 AH (18 July 1892)
Bareilly City
Died Bareilly
Era Modern
Religion Islam
Jurisprudence Sunni Hanafi Barelvi
Notable idea(s) Love for Holy Prophet must be more valuable than life
Notable work(s) Several Books
Part of a series on
The Barelvi movement
Tomb of Ahmed Raza Khan
Central figures

Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi
Hamid Raza Khan
Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri


Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan, Pakistan
Jamaat Ahle Sunnat, Pakistan
Sunni Tehreek, Pakistan
World Islamic Mission, Pakistan
Minhaj-ul-Quran (International)
Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatme Nabuwwat, Pakistan
Sunni Ittehad Council, Pakistan
Dawat-e-Islami, International
Sunni Dawat-e-Islami, International
Anjuman-e-Talaba-e-Islam, Pakistan


Jamia Nizamia Ghousia (Wazirabad, Pakistan)
Jamia Naeemia Lahore (Lahore, Pakistan)
Jamia Al-Karam (Nottinghamshire, UK)
North Manchester Jamia Mosque (Manchester, UK)
Manchester Central Mosque (Manchester, UK)
Raza Academy (Mumbai, India)
Al Jamiatul Ashrafia (Azamgarh, UP, India)
Manzar-e-Islam (Bakri, UP, India)
Al-Jame-atul-Islamia (Faizabad, UP, India)

Notable Scholars

Muhammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqi Qadri, India
Naeem-ud-Deen Muradabadi, India
Amjad Ali Aazmi, India
Abdul Aleem Siddiqi, India
Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi, Pakistan
Khwaja Qamar ul Din Sialvi, Pakistan
Syed Faiz-ul Hassan Shah, Pakistan
Ahmad Saeed Kazmi, Pakistan
Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari, Pakistan
Pir of Manki Shareef Amin ul-Hasanat, Pakistan
Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui, Pakistan
Shah Ahmad Noorani, Pakistan
Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani, Pakistan
Khalid Hasan Shah, Pakistan
Muhammad Muneeb ur Rehman, Pakistan
Qamaruzzaman Azmi, India
Ameen Mian Qaudri, India
Muhammad Shafee Okarvi, Pakistan
Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi, Pakistan
Shamsul-hasan Shams Barelvi, Pakistan
Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi, Pakistan
Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri, Pakistan
Muhammad Ilyas Qadri, Pakistan
Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri, Pakistan
Sahibzada Haji Muhammad Fazal Karim, Pakistan
Pir Aminul Hasnat, Pakistan
Kaukab Noorani Okarvi, Pakistan
Syed Waheed Ashraf, India
Arshadul Qaudri, India
Subhan Raza Khan, India
Obaidullah Khan Azmi, India
Mufti Muhammad Akmal, Pakistan

Literature & Media

Kanzul Iman, translation of the Qur'an
Husamul Haramain
Fatawa-e-Razvia Islamic Jurisprudence
Bahar-e-Shariat Islamic Jurisprudence
Manaqib-al-Jaleela, Islamic Jurisprudence
Tafsir Zia ul Quran, Tafsir of the Qur'an
Tafseer-e-Quadri, Tafsir of the Qur'an
Tafseer-e-Siddiqui, Tafsir of the Qur'an
Madani Channel

Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri also known as Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Grand Jurist of India) was born Monday, 22nd of Zil Hijjah 1310 AH (18 July 1892) in the city of Bareilly Shareef, India. He was the son of the Islamic scholar Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al Qadri.[1] He wrote several books on Islam in Arabic, Urdu, Persian, Hindi and announced judgments on several thousand Islamic problems in his compilation of Fatawa Fatawa-e-Mustafwia. He was having thousands of Islamic Scholars as his Successors (Khalifa, who continue with the movement).[2] Due to his popularity and knowledge, Sunni Sufi Scholars of the Barelwi movement accepted him as their leader after the death of Ahmed Raza Khan. He handled and managed well the new position entrusted on him by thousands of Islamic scholars, and called upon all Indian Sunnis to retaliate sects which according to him were false. He was the main leader of All India Jamaat Raza-e-Mustafa[3] in Bareilly city which initiated counter to Shuddhi Movement to save Muslims from being converted into Hinduism in undivided India.[2][4] During the time of emergency in India, he issued a fatwa against vasectomy and refuted then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.[5][6]


Life Sketch[edit]

Birth: 22nd Zilhajj 1310 Name : Muhammad Mustafa Raza Title: Hadrat Mufti-e-Azam Father: Aala Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Murshid: Hadrat Abul Hussain Ahmad-e-Noori 1328 Hijri: Completion of Studies at the age of 18 1328 Hijri: Issued First Fatawa 1329 Hijri : Nikah 1336 Hijri: Establishment of All India Jamaat-e-Raza-e-Mustafa 1339 Hijri: Appointment as Head Mufti or Mufti-e-Azam 1342 Hijri: Five Hundred Thousand Hindus accepted Islam at his hands 1343 Hijri: Sent a Delegation to Bihar and Orrisa with the mission of Islam 1354 Hijri: A Collection of his Naats Samaan-e-Bakhshish published 1359 Hijri: Establishment of Darul Uloom Mazhar-e-Islam 1359 Hijri: Journeyed all over India preaching against increasing infidelity 1368 Hijri: Plan to compile course in Urdu studies 1386 Hijri: Teaching of Ifta to his grandson Hadrat Akhtar Raza Khan Qibla 1396 Hijri: Fatawa against Nasbandi vasectomy and refuted Indira Gandhi 1402 Hijri: Travelled into the hereafter on the eve of 14th Muharram [7]

Early Education[edit]

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind attained most of his early education from his illustrious family - from his father, Aala Hazrat, Ash Shah Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al Qadri the Mujaddid of Islam, whose status and position even at that time cannot be explained in these few lines. He also studied Kitaabs under the guidance of Hazrat Maulana Haamid Raza Khan (his elder brother), Maulana Shah Rahm Ilahi Maglori and Maulana Sayyid Basheer Ahmad Aligarhi and Maulana Zahurul Hussain Rampuri. He studied various branches of knowledge under the guidance of his most learned and blessed father, AalaHazrat .He attained proficiency in the many branches of Islamic knowledge from among which are: Tafseer; Hadith; Fiqh; Laws of Jurisprudence; Sarf; Nahw; Tajweed; Conduct of Language; Philosophy; Logistics; Mathematics; History etc.; Arithmetic; Aqaid (Belief); Taasawwaf; Poetry; Debating; Sciences; etc.

His First Fatawa[edit]

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan brilliance as an Islamic Scholar manifested itself when he was a still a youth, but overflowing with knowledge and wisdom. He wrote his first historical Fatawa (Islamic Ruling) when he was only 13 years old. It dealt with the topic of "Raza'at" - affinity between persons breast fed by the same woman. After this Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan spent another 12 years writing Fatawas at the feet of AalaHazrat. He was given this immense responsibility of issuing Fatawas even while AalaHazrat was in this physical world. He continued this trend until his last breath. The stamp which was given to him was mislaid during his second Hajj when his bags were lost.[8]

Character and Habits[edit]

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan possessed great heights of good character, moral standards, kindness, sincerity, love and humbleness. He never refused the invitation of any poor Muslim. He always stayed away from those who were very wealthy and lavish. He was the possessor of great moral and ethical values. It is stated that once Akbar Ali Khan, a Governor of U.P., came to visit Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind. Mufti-e-Azame-Hind did not meet him but left to a place called Puraana Shahar (Old City) to visit a poor Sunni Muslim who was very ill and at the doorstep of death. On another occasion, Fakhruddeen Ali Ahmad, the President of India, came to visit Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind but was refused this opportunity.[8]

If he reprimanded a certain person for doing something unIslamic or if he became displeased with anyone for some reason or the other, he used to also explain to the person in a very nice way and also try to cheer that person. He would then make Dua in abundance for such a person. His Mureeds (Disciples), on many occasions, used to recite Manqabats (Poetry) in his praise. On hearing such Manqabats he would say, "I am not worthy of such praise. May Allah make me worthy." Many people came to him for his blessings. Others would come for Ta'weez. He never refused anyone. It is also not known how many homes were being supported through the kindness and hospitality of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan. He always entertained those who came from far and near to the best of his means. He used to even give most of his visitors train and bus fares to travel. In winter, he would give warm clothes, warm sheets and blankets to the poor and the needy. Mufti-e-Azam-eHind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan gave Khilafat to many Ulama-eIkraam and personally tied the Amaama (Turban) on their heads. He gave cloaks, turbans and hats to many people. His entire life was spent speaking against Deobandis, Wahabis and all the other misleading sects, whether it was against the West, Qadianism, or Najdism he always challenged them right till the very end. He always propagated the true Deen and the Path of the Ahle Sunnah Wa Jamaah.


Some Famous Judgments[edit]

  • Labelling a Disbeliever as a Disbeliever (Kafir)

Question Zaid claims that we should not refer to even a kafir as a kafir. What does he mean? Should Muslims not refer to a kafir as a kafir when discussing among themselves or should they not refer to him as a kafir in front of him? Please enlighten us with the ruling. Also, which sects do we consider to be kafirs? Answer and be rewarded.

  • Answer

Zaid’s claim is incorrect and futile. It is necessary for him to repent. A kafir shall be considered a kafir and referred to as a kafir; and Muslims shall be referred to as Muslims. The fools do not understand that a kafir is referred to as a kafir because of his kufr [infidelity]. When he becomes a Muslim, we will no longer refer to him as a kafir. If that is the case, we should not refer to a Muslim as a Muslim because we are unaware of his final state, what if – Allah forbid – he dies upon kufr? Allah forbid! Only those who are Sulh-kul [1] utter such statements. They eat the meat of cows, have names like those of Muslims, do everything Muslims do, they act like Muslims superficially, but utter remarks of kufr like those of a disguised hypocrite: “Consider them to be Muslims, label them as Muslims, even the kafirs, consider them as Muslims too.”

لا حَوْلَ وَ لا قُوَّةَ اِلَّا بِاللّهِ

This is their [so called] new Shari’at. The pristine Shari’at rules that a kafir shall be referred to as a kafir. The hypocrites who were with the Messenger of Allah sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, not only did they pray and fast, they fought in the battles alongside the Messenger of Allah, they would kill kafirs, however, Allah unveiled their hypocrisy. The Qur’an referred to those evildoers as kafirs. The Messenger of Allah removed them one by one from the Masjid, saying: ‘leave, you are a hypocrite.’ One hypocrite uttered that Muhammad informs us that the lost she-camel of so and so is in a particular valley, what does he know about the unseen? Allah informed the Messenger of it and also said, “And if you ask them, they will say, ‘We were just joking and playing.’” [2] In reply to these hypocrites, Allah says in the Qur’an, “Do not make excuses, you have disbelieved after your belief.” [9]

Judgment on Sufism[edit]

Once, Maulana Abdul Hadi Al Qadri and Soofi Iqbal Sahib asked Ghausul Waqt, Muftie-Azam-e-Hind the following question: "Huzoor! Can one remember his Sheikh in Namaaz?" Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind answered by saying, "If you need to remember anyone in Namaaz then you should remember Tajedare Do Aalam, Habbibe Khuda (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam). Yes, just as people tend to gaze here and there in Namaaz - if, in this way, the thought of one's Peer comes into the mind, then there is no hindrance". Subhan-Allah! Such caution is in this answer! This answer has also contradicted the Deobandi belief. By looking at the life of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind and reading his Fatawas, one would see his status and excellence in the spiritual domain. His spiritual life was according to that of his renowned and distinguished father, Sayyiduna Aala Hazrat.

Special poetry in the Honour of Prophet Muhammad[edit]

In the world of poetry, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan was a giant of his time. Most of his poems were in the form of Humd (Praise of Allah), Naat Shareef, Qasidas and Manqabats compiled in the Arabic, Urdu, Persian and Hindi languages. All these poems were compiled into a book which is famously known as "Samaane Bakhshish" which is still available toady. Samaane Bakhshsish is a treasure chest which flows with pearls of love for Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam). The compilation of Samaane Bakhshish is through the blessings of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam).[10]

Books & Treaties[edit]

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan was a great Muhaqqiq (Philosopher) and Musannif (Author). His writings were filled with the rays of knowledge of his distinguished father, AalaHazrat, Ash Shah Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al Qaderi. All his works displayed great research. It seemed as if his works were overflowing with the "research of Imam Ghazzali, the rareness of Imam Raazi and the rays of knowledge of Imam Jalaluddeen Suyuti ". Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind wrote a number of books in his blessed lifetime. Some are written below.[11]

  • Fatawa-e-Mustafwia (Judgments of Mustafa Raza)
  • Al Malfoozat of Ala Hazrat (Sayings of Ahmed Raza Khan)
  • Saman-e-Bakhshish (Compilation of Islamic Poetry in the Honor of Prophet Muhammad)[12]
  • Taqiya Baazi (Hidden faces of Wahabism)
وقعات السنان, ادخال السنان, قھر واجد دیان
  • Waqat-us-Sinan، Adkhal-us-Sinan، Qahr Wajid Diyan
طرق الھدی والارشاد الی احکام الامارۃ والجہاد
  • Turq-ul-Huda Wal Irshad Ilaa Ahkam Al Amara Wal Jehad
تصحیح یقین بر ختم نبیین
  • Tasheeh Yaqeen Bar Khatm-e-Naiyeeen
  • No Caste is Inferior

Famous Successor[edit]

The Successor or Khulafa of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, are said to be in thousands. They are not only present in India, but are spread throughout the world. Most Prominent are:[2][13]

His Disciples[edit]

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind disciples were not only ordinary people but his disciples also consisted of great Ulama, Muftis, Mufassirs, Poets, Philosophers, Professors, Doctors, etc. It is said that he has millions of disciples.

His Death[edit]

Tajedaare Ahle Sunnah, Taaje Wilayat Wa Karaamat, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan was aware of the actual time of his Wisaal. On the 6th of Muharram (1981) he said, "All those who intended to become my Mureed but for some reason or the other could not come to me, I have made all of them Mureed and I have given their hands into the hand of Sayidduna Ghousul Azam. " On the 12th of Muharram (1981) Hazrat said, " All those who asked me to make Dua for them, I have made Dua for their Jaiz (permissble) intentions to be fulfilled. May Allah accept this Dua." On this day he asked those that were present concerning date. They told him that it was the 12th of Muharram. On hearing this he became silent. On the 13th of Muharram, he again asked concerning the date and the Mureedeen present said that it was Wednesday, the 13th of Muharram. On hearing this Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind said, "Namaaz will be held at Nau Mahla Musjid". Those present did not understand what he meant, but remained silent out of respect. After some time again Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind said, "Did anybody tell you about the Namaaz? I will read Jumma Namaaz in Nau Mahla Masjid." After some time Hazrat said, "Did anybody say anything about the Fatiha." Those present just gazed at each other's faces and remained silent. Only later did they realise what Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind was implying. Hazrat was spiritally present for Jummah at the Nau Mahla Masjid! Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind was not only giving hope to the Mureedeen but also informing them of his Wisaal. The shining star of Aala Hazrat, Ash Shah Imam Ahmed Raza Khan, the glitter and the hope for the hearts of millions throughout the world, the Mujaddid of the 15th Century, the Imam of his time, Huzoor Sayyidi Sarkaar Mufti-e- Azam-e-Hind left the Aalame Duniya to Journey towards the Aalame Aakhira. It was 1.40 p.m. on the eve of the 14th of Muharram 1402 AH (1981).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Usha Sanyal. Generational Changes in the Leadership of the Ahl-e Sunnat Movement in North India during the Twentieth Century. Modern Asian Studies (1998), Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ a b c Ridgeon, L. (2015). Sufis and Salafis in the Contemporary Age. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 187. ISBN 9781472532237. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  3. ^ "JRM". Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  4. ^ Hasan, M.; Jamia Millia Islamia (India). Dept. of History (1985). Communal and pan-Islamic trends in colonial India. Manohar. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  5. ^ Arun Shourie, The World of Fatwas or the Sharia in Action, pg. 135. ASA Publications, 1995. ISBN 9788190019958
  6. ^ "Shajrah-E-Muqad’das of the Silsila Aaliyah Qaaderiyah Barakaatiyah Radawiyyah" (PDF). 11 April 2011. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  7. ^ "The Pride of Ahlesunnah - Mustafa Raza Qadri Noori AlaihirraHmah". Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  8. ^ a b "Hazrat Muhammed Mustafa Raza Khan ‎(رضي الله عنه) | Aulias World". Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  9. ^ Fatawa Mustafawiyyah, chapter of Iman, Fatwa 27, pages 86 & 87
  10. ^ "". Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  11. ^ "maulana mufti mustafa raza khan - Nafeislam.Com | Islam | Quran | Tafseer | Fatwa | Books | Audio | Video | Muslim | Sunni - Nafseislam.Com". Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  12. ^ "Saman-e-Bakhshish - اسلامی شاعری و نعتیہ دیوان - - Sunni Library - Alahazrat Network". Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  13. ^ "Al-Azhari, Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Qaadiri | The Muslim 500". Retrieved 2015-07-28. 

External links[edit]