Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri
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|Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri Noori|
|Born||26th Zil Hajj 1310 AH (18 July 1892)
|Notable work(s)||Fatawa Mustawafiyah|
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Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri, also known as Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Grand Jurist of India), was a significant Muslim scholar. He was born Monday, 22nd of Zil Hijjah 1310 AH (18 July 1892) in the city of Bareilly Shareef, India. Khan was the son of the Islamic scholar Ahmed Raza Khan. He wrote several books on Islam in Arabic, Urdu, Persian, Hindi and announced judgments on several thousand Islamic problems in his compilation of Fatawa Fatawa-e-Mustafwia. Thousands of Islamic scholars were counted as his spiritual successors. Due to his popularity and knowledge, the Barelwi movement accepted him as its leader after the death of Ahmed Raza Khan. He was the main leader of All India Jamaat Raza-e-Mustafa in Bareilly city which initiated counter to Shuddhi Movement to save Muslims from being converted into Hinduism in undivided India. During the time of emergency in India, he issued a fatwa against vasectomy and argued against then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
He wrote his first historical Fatawa (Islamic Ruling) when he was only 13 years old. It dealt with the topic of "Raza'at" - affinity between persons breast fed by the same woman. After this Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan spent another 12 years writing Fatawas at the feet of AalaHazrat. He was given this immense responsibility of issuing Fatawas even while AalaHazrat was in this physical world. He continued this trend until his last breath. The stamp which was given to him was mislaid during his second Hajj when his bags were lost.
It is stated that once Akbar Ali Khan, a Governor of U.P., came to visit Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind. Mufti-e-Azame-Hind did not meet him but left to a place called Puraana Shahar (Old City) to visit a poor Sunni Muslim who was very ill and at the doorstep of death. On another occasion, Fakhruddeen Ali Ahmad, the President of India, came to visit Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind but was refused this opportunity.
Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind wrote a number of books in his lifetime:
- Fatawa-e-Mustafwia (Judgments of Mustafa Raza)
- Al Malfoozat of Ala Hazrat (Sayings of Ahmed Raza Khan)
- Saman-e-Bakhshish (Compilation of Islamic Poetry in the Honor of Prophet Muhammad)
- Taqiya Baazi (Hidden faces of Wahabism)
- Waqat-us-Sinan، Adkhal-us-Sinan، Qahr Wajid Diyan
- Turq-ul-Huda Wal Irshad Ilaa Ahkam Al Amara Wal Jehad
- Tasheeh Yaqeen Bar Khatm-e-Naiyeeen
- Tardush Shaitan An Sabee Lur Rehman (Fatwa Refuting Government Of Saudi Arabia For Imposing Tax On Pilgrims In 1365 A.H)
- No Caste is Inferior
- Usha Sanyal. Generational Changes in the Leadership of the Ahl-e Sunnat Movement in North India during the Twentieth Century. Modern Asian Studies (1998), Cambridge University Press.
- Ridgeon, L. (2015). Sufis and Salafis in the Contemporary Age. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 187. ISBN 9781472532237. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
- "JRM". jamatrazaemustafa.org. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
- Hasan, M.; Jamia Millia Islamia (India). Dept. of History (1985). Communal and pan-Islamic trends in colonial India. Manohar. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
- Arun Shourie, The World of Fatwas or the Sharia in Action, pg. 135. ASA Publications, 1995. ISBN 9788190019958
- "Shajrah-E-Muqad’das of the Silsila Aaliyah Qaaderiyah Barakaatiyah Radawiyyah" (PDF). 11 April 2011. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
- "Hazrat Muhammed Mustafa Raza Khan (رضي الله عنه) | Aulias World". auliasworld.com. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
- "maulana mufti mustafa raza khan - Nafeislam.Com | Islam | Quran | Tafseer | Fatwa | Books | Audio | Video | Muslim | Sunni - Nafseislam.Com". books.nafseislam.com. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
- "Saman-e-Bakhshish - اسلامی شاعری و نعتیہ دیوان - - Sunni Library - Alahazrat Network". alahazratnetwork.org. Retrieved 2015-07-28.