Mustahabb

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Mustahabb (Arabic: مُسْتَحَبّ, lit.'beloved thing') is an Islamic term referring to recommended, favoured or virtuous actions.

Mustahabb actions are those whose ruling (ahkam) in Islamic law falls between mubah (neutral; neither encouraged nor discouraged) and wajib (compulsory). One definition is "duties recommended, but not essential; fulfilment of which is rewarded, though they may be neglected without punishment".[1] Synonyms of mustahabb include masnun and mandub. The opposite of mustahabb is makruh (discouraged).

Parallels have been drawn between the concept of mustahabb in Islamic law and the concept of supererogatory acts in the Western philosophical tradition.[2]

Examples[edit]

There are possibly thousands of mustahabb acts,[3] including:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reuben Levy, The Social Structure of Islam, p. 202
  2. ^ ZAROUG, ABDULLAHI HASSAN (1985). "THE CONCEPT OF PERMISSION, SUPEREROGATORY ACTS AND ASETICISM [sic] IN ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE". Islamic Studies. 24 (2): 167–180. ISSN 0578-8072.
  3. ^ Turner, Colin (2013-12-19). Islam: The Basics. Routledge. p. 133. ISBN 9781134296910. Retrieved 8 July 2014.

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