Muta, Muta

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Muta
Settlement
Koroska Muta Kirche Sankt Johannes der Taeufer 22052011 111.jpg
Muta is located in Slovenia
Muta
Muta
Location of Muta in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°37′N 15°10′E / 46.617°N 15.167°E / 46.617; 15.167Coordinates: 46°37′N 15°10′E / 46.617°N 15.167°E / 46.617; 15.167
Country  Slovenia
Traditional region Styria
Statistical region Carinthia
Municipality Muta
Government
 • Mayor Boris Kralj
Area
 • Total 5.3 km2 (2.0 sq mi)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 2,291
 • Density 433/km2 (1,120/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)

Muta (pronounced [ˈmuːta]; German: Hohenmauthen) is the largest settlement and the centre of the Carinthia Statistical Region of northern Slovenia.[2] Traditionally, it is part of Styria[3] because it was part of the Duchy of Styria.[4]

Name[edit]

Muta was first attested in written sources in 1255 as Muttenberch (and as Můtenberch in 1265–67, Moutenberch in 1279, Maeut in 1349, Mautenberch in 1405, and Mawt in 1459). The Slovene name is derived from the Slovene common noun muta 'toll (payment)', derived from Middle High German mûte 'toll (payment)'. It therefore refers to a place where tolls were collected.[5]

Mass grave[edit]

Muta is the site of a mass grave associated with the Second World War. The Croatian Mass Grave (Slovene: Grobišče Hrvatov) is a cluster of seven locations in the northeast part of the settlement on the bank of the Drava River. It contains the remains of Croatians.[6]

Church[edit]

The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint Margaret (Slovene: sveta Marjeta) and belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Maribor. It was first mentioned in written documents dating to 1349. In the 17th century it was extended and widened.[7] There are two other churches in Muta. The church dedicated to John the Baptistin the hamlet of Spodnja Muta in the settlement is an 11th-century Romanesque rotunda with an Early Gothic sanctuary added. Fourteenth-century wall paintings survive in the church and the wooden painted ceiling is from the late 16th and early 17th century.[8] The church on the bank of the Drava River in the south of the settlement is dedicated to Saint Peter and is a late Romanesque single-nave building from the 13th century with various alterations over the centuries.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tihaboj". Place Names. Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Muta municipal site
  3. ^ "Muta". Kam.si (in Slovenian). 4 October 2008. ISSN 1854-973X. 
  4. ^ Zgodovinski časopis. 58. Zgodovinsko društvo za Slovenijo [Historical Association of Slovenia]. 2004. p. 223. 
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 276.
  6. ^ Croatian Mass Grave on Geopedia (Slovene)
  7. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 3128
  8. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 680
  9. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 3199

External links[edit]