The Mutharaiyar dynasty was a royal family in what is now the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. They governed the Tanjore, Trichy and Pudukottai regions between 600-900 CE. According to Tamil scholars, the Mutharaiyar tribe invaded the Tamil kingdoms around second century AD from a place called Erumainad, which is identified with the area in and around modern Mysore in Karnataka. The Tamil language literary work Muttolaayiram lauds the exploits of the Mutturaja chieftains.[full citation needed] They seem to have established themselves as Lords of the Tanjore district in Tamilakkam. The most famous rulers were Perumbidigu Muttaraiyar, also called Kuvavan Maaran, his son Maaran Parameswaran alias Ilangovadiaraiyan followed by Suvaran Maaran alias Perumbidigu Muttaraiyan II.[need quotation to verify]
During the 7th to 8th centuries, the Mutharaiyar served as feudatories of the Pallava dynasty and controlled the fertile plains of the Kaveri region. An inscription in the Vaikuntha Perumal temple in Kanchipuram mentions a Mutharaiyar chief receiving Nandivarman II at the latter's coronation. According to historian T. A. Gopinatha Rao, this chief was Suvaran Maaran (also called Perumbidigu Muthurayar II). Suvaran Maaran is styled as valaiyar in this epigraph. According to historian Mahalingam, Suvaran Maaran fought along with Udayachandra, the Pallava general of Nandivarman II, in at least twelve battles against the Cheras and Pandyas.
The Sendalai inscription of Suvaran Maran states that Tanjore and Vallam were under his control. When the Cholas came to power in 850, Vijayalaya Chola wrested control of Tanjore from the Mutharaiyar chieftains and turned them into vassals.[full citation needed]
- Anthropological Survey of India. Bulletin, Volume 3, Issue 2. India. Dept. of Anthropology. p. 8.
- Setty, E. Desingu (1990). The Valayar of South India: Society and religion. Inter-India Publications. p. 293. ISBN 978-8-12100-238-7.
- H.S. Bhatia. Political, Legal And War Philosophy In Ancient India. Deep and Deep Publications, 2001 - India - 381 pages. p. 180.
- "9th century temple gets facelift". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
- Indian History. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p. B55.
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