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Skyline of Mutsamudu
Mutsamudu is located in Comoros
Location of Mutsamudu on the island of Anjouan
Coordinates: 12°10′S 44°24′E / 12.167°S 44.400°E / -12.167; 44.400
Country  Comoros
Island Anjouan
Founded 1482
 • Mayor Sitti Echat Assadi
 • Local councillor, legal advisor in charge of the local police. Ali Zamir
 • Total 30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 25 471[1]
Time zone Eastern Africa Time (UTC+3)
Area code(s) 269

Mutsamudu (population over 25 000) is the second largest city in the Comoros, founded in 1482.[2] It is also the capital and largest city on the island of Anjouan as well the former home of former Comorian president Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi. It now houses a deep water port, an ancient citadel, and narrow streets with many shops and small crafts.

Geography and climate[edit]

Mutsamudu has two parallel main streets. The medina from 15th century is located between them. The citadel was constructed in 1860 with help of the British to protect the city from pirates. It was badly damaged in 1950 in landfall of a cyclone.[3]

Mutsamudu enjoys marine tropical weather. The main temperature range extends from 27°C to 32 °C (90 °F) throughout the year. The hottest period in Mutsamudu is from the month of December to the month of April. Comparatively cooler weather is experienced from the month of May to the month of November. There is significant rainfall in most months of the year, wettest month is January.[4]

The entire Comoros islands are regularly swept by violent winds and sometimes by tropical cyclones with significant human and material damage.[5] The most important of tropic cyclones recorded in Comoros occurred in 1950 and damaged the Mutsamudu citadel. Cyclone Elinah in 1983 and Cyclone Feliksa killed a few people but affected thousands of people's lives.[6][7]


Mutsamudu is the only deep water port of the Union of Comoros, constructed in 1982. Three quarters of its cargo consists of transhipment for containerized cargoes destined to the two other islands. The main import products shipped from the port are rice, cement, sugar, flour and petroleum products. Main export products are Ylang Ylang, cloves and vanilla.[8]


  1. ^ "15 3.2. Urban and Rural Population Information (p.15)" (PDF). A Practical Guide to Doing Business in COMOROS. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Daley, Suzanne (1997-09-29). "Indian Ocean Island Yearns to Retie Colonial Bond". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  3. ^ Andrew, David (2008). Madagascar & Comoros. Lonely Planet. p. 252. ISBN 9781741046083. 
  4. ^ "Climate of Mutsamudu". Climate Data org. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Climate of comoros". African Climate. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "Cartography of risks and vulnerability in Comoros" (PDF). WMO. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  7. ^ "Comoros Cyclone" (PDF). USAID. 1985. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  8. ^ "Comoros Port of Mutsamudu - Anjouan". DLCA. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 

Coordinates: 12°10′S 44°24′E / 12.167°S 44.400°E / -12.167; 44.400