Muttonbirds (also spelled mutton-birds or mutton birds) are shearwaters whose young are collected for food and other uses before they fledge in Australia and New Zealand. The Māori name for the birds, tītī, is also widely used in New Zealand.
The species most frequently called muttonbirds are:
- Short-tailed shearwater, nesting in south-eastern Australia, particularly in the Furneaux Islands
- Sooty shearwater, nesting mainly in New Zealand and islands in the South Atlantic Ocean
- Wedge-tailed shearwater, nesting throughout the tropical and subtropical parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans
- Flesh-footed shearwater, nesting on Lord Howe Island and now the victim of ocean plastic pollution.
The term has been applied to several islands where muttonbirds breed and are, or were, harvested:
- Mutton Bird Island Nature Reserve, Coffs Harbour, NSW, Australia
- Mutton Bird Island, Tasmania, Australia
- Titi/Muttonbird Islands, New Zealand
- Muttonbirding, the capturing of muttonbird fledglings
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