Muttonbirds (also spelled mutton-birds or mutton birds) are seabirds – particularly certain large shearwaters – whose young are collected for food and other uses before they fledge (see also Muttonbirding).
The species most frequently called muttonbirds are:
- Short-tailed shearwater, nesting in south-eastern Australia, particularly in the Furneaux Group of islands in eastern Bass Strait
- Sooty shearwater, nesting mainly in New Zealand and islands in the South Atlantic Ocean
- Wedge-tailed shearwater, nesting throughout the tropical and subtropical parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans
The term has been applied to several islands where muttonbirds breed and are, or were, harvested:
- Mutton Bird Island, Tasmania, Australia
- Titi/Muttonbird Islands, New Zealand
Other uses include:
In local Maori dialect, the bird is known as the "tītī" (less commonly spelled "tiitii")
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