Muttonbird Island Nature Reserve

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Muttonbird Island Nature Reserve is a nature reserve off the shore of Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia, on the southern boundary of the Solitary Islands Marine Park. It is linked to the mainland by a causeway, which acts as the northern breakwater for the harbour. With over 5,500 breeding pairs,[1] it is a major breeding ground for wedge-tailed shearwaters (Puffinus pacificus), known locally as muttonbirds, which migrate annually to the Philippines but return to breed on the island.[2][3]


  1. ^ Lane, S. G. (1979). Summary of the breeding seabirds on New South Wales coastal islands. Corella, 3, 7-10.
  2. ^ NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. (2004). Muttonbird Island - Nature Reserve: Dept of Environment and Conservation.
  3. ^ Floyd, R. B., & Swanson, N. M. (1983). Wedge-tailed Shearwaters on Muttonbird Island: an estimate of the breeding success and the breeding population. Emu, 82, 244-250. doi:10.1071/MU9820244s

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Coordinates: 30°18′19″S 153°09′06″E / 30.3053°S 153.1517°E / -30.3053; 153.1517