Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company
|Defunct||June 14, 2001|
|Headquarters||Newark, New Jersey|
|Frederick Frelinghuysen (1848–1924)|
|Mutual Benefit Life Building|
|Location||520 Broad Street|
Newark, New Jersey
|Roof||75 m (246 ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Structural engineer||George A. Fuller Company|
The Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company was a life insurance company that was chartered in 1845 and based in Newark in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. The company was headed by Frederick Frelinghuysen (1848–1924). The company was known as the "Tiffany" of insurance companies, a reference to its reputation as the life insurance company to the upper classes.
Mutual Benefit Life was taken into receivership for rehabilitation by the New Jersey Department of Banking and Insurance on July 16, 1991, after losses in an overheated real estate market led to a run by policyholders, who ultimately lost the purported "cash value" that had been said to have accrued in their policies. At the time, the collapse was the largest ever of an American insurer. AMEV acquired the group life, accident and health insurance Mutual Benefit in 1991. SunAmerica acquired the remaining divisions in 1998. Effective June 14, 2001, Mutual Benefit was liquidated and dissolved.
Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company
|Location||300 Broadway near 2nd Ave., Newark, New Jersey|
|Area||3.9 acres (1.6 ha)|
|Architect||John H. & Wilson C. Ely|
|Architectural style||Other, Civic Renaissance|
|NRHP reference #||83004031|
|Added to NRHP||November 17, 1983|
Mutual Benefit commissioned a number of landmark buildings in Newark for their headquarters.
After outgrowing previous locations at Broad and Market (from the 1845 founding to 1848), then another ten years in the Insurance Buildings on Market Street, the company built a headquarters at the corner of Broad and Clinton in 1858. The architect is unknown.
In 1904, Mutual Benefit pulled down the 1858 structure and commissioned a replacement through competition. The winner was architect George B. Post, who planned a neo-classical structure for eight stories, giant order Corinthian columns, and a $1,000,000 budget. Because the site was diagonally opposite a set of commanding, fortress-like buildings for the Prudential Headquarters, also designed by Post, a contrasting identity was a key requirement: "The problem was to design a building as different as possible from the Prudential Building, and at the same time make it indicative of the strength and greatness of an important insurance company."
The company's uptown headquarters building at 300 Broadway in Newark was designed by locally important architects John H. & Wilson C. Ely. Finished in 1925, it's listed in the National Register of Historic Places. In the mid 1950s the building was sold to the Archdiocese of Newark and served as home to Essex Catholic High School until 1979. The building was again sold, and as of 2018 serves as a nursing home.
The company moved to larger headquarters at 520 Broad Street in 1957, a modern structure that was built in the International Style as part of the New Newark movement and centered to the north of traditional downtown at Washington Park. The architects were Frank Grad & Sons of Newark, with consulting architects Eggers & Higgins. As of December 2012 there were plans to convert the building, owned by the IDT Corporation, to residential and retail space marketed to the city's student population'
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, New Jersey
- List of tallest buildings in Newark
- History of Newark, New Jersey
- http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/history2/86/THE-MUTUAL-BENEFIT-LIFE-INSURANCE-COMPANY.html History of Mutual Benefit Life
- http://www.emporis.com/application/?nav=building&lng=3&id=520broadstreet-newark-nj-usa%7C520 Broad
- "Frederick Frelinghuysen. Ex-President of Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company Dies". New York Times. January 2, 1924. Retrieved 2007-05-30.
- International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 3. St. James Press, 1991
- ZONANA, VICTOR F. (1991-08-01). "Ailing Mutual Benefit Sells Off Units to AMEV". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2015-07-10.
- "New Acquisitions By SunAmerica". The New York Times. 1998-07-16. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-07-10.
- Re: Inquiry to Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company, New Jersey Department of Banking and Insurance, Updated December 8, 2005. Accessed May 31, 2007.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Lurie, Maxine N; Mappen, Marc (2004), Encyclopedia of New Jersey, Rutgers University Press, ISBN 0-8135-3325-2,
John H. Ely and Wilson C. Ely formed a well- known father-and-son Newark ... were responsible for the East Orange City Hall, the Morristown Memorial Hospital....
- Shaw, Wm. H. (1884). History of Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey, Volume 1. Everts & Peck. p. 634. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
- Engineering News. McGraw Hill. 19 May 1904. p. 396. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
- Post, James Otis (1 June 1909). Recent and Current Work of George B. Post & Sons. The New York Architect. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
- Depalma, Anthony (January 1, 1984). "In Newark, Greening Of A Sick Park". The New York Times.
- De Poto, Tom (December 19, 2012). "Newark OKs early plan to revitalize the Four Corners downtown district". Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- Derdak, Thomas (editor) (1991). International Directory of Company Histories (Vol. 3). St. James Press. ASIN B000MBNTF0.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
- Stone, Mildred F. (1957). Since 1845: A History of the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company. Rutgers University Press. p. 237. ASIN B0007DVJKA.
- Answers.com Mutual Benefit Life
- Article on Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company at fundinguniverse.com