Muuga, Lääne-Viru County

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Muuga manor
Muuga manor
Muuga is located in Estonia
Location in Estonia
Coordinates: 59°06′37″N 26°38′02″E / 59.11028°N 26.63389°E / 59.11028; 26.63389Coordinates: 59°06′37″N 26°38′02″E / 59.11028°N 26.63389°E / 59.11028; 26.63389
Country  Estonia
County Lääne-Viru County
Parish Laekvere Parish
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Muuga is a village in Laekvere Parish, Lääne-Viru County, in northeastern Estonia.

Muuga manor[edit]

A photograph of the artist Carl Timoleon von Neff.
Carl Timoleon von Neff, ca. 1860-70

Muuga manor (German: Münkenhof) traces its history back to the 16th century, when it belonged to the Bridgettine convent in Pirita. During the course of history, it has subsequently belonged to various aristocratic families.[1]

In 1860, Muuga became the property of Carl Timoleon von Neff, a Baltic German painter who was the illegitimate son of a French governess. von Neff constructed the current neo-Renaissance building, intended not only as a home but also as a place to accommodate and display von Neff's large collection of art, which included both his own work and copies of old masters (now part of the Art Museum of Estonia). In many ways, Muuga under von Neff resembled a museum more than a home, and reflected von Neff's carefully orchestrated image.[2]

von Neff designed the building himself, with the aid of St. Petersburg architect Ludwig Bohnstedt, as well as, reputedly, Otto Pius Hippius, Alexander Brullov and David Grimm, all active in St. Petersburg. A concern was how to fit an enormous white marble staircase, a gift from the emperor Alexander II, into the building. The building received a sumptuous interior: terrazzo floors, marble and glazed fireplaces, painted walls and lunettes. Some of the walls were painted by his son, Heinrich.[3]

At the same time, the manor was complemented with a romantic park with ponds and annexes, including a belfry in the form of a neo-Gothic tower.[3]

The interiors were renovated 1987-1994.[3]

Estonian writer Eduard Vilde grew up in the manor.[3]



  1. ^ Hein, Ants (2009). Eesti Mõisad - Herrenhäuser in Estland - Estonian Manor Houses. Tallinn: Tänapäev. p. 132. ISBN 978-9985-62-765-5. 
  2. ^ Abel, Tiina. Estonian Art 1' 2004 "Art Collection as a Manifesto" Check |url= value (help). Estonian Institute. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d Sakk, Ivar (2004). Estonian Manors - A Travelogue. Tallinn: Sakk & Sakk OÜ. p. 170. ISBN 9949-10-117-4. 

External links[edit]