Muzaffar Alam (born 3 February 1947) is the George V. Bobrinskoy Professor in South Asian Languages and Civilizations at the University of Chicago.
Muzaffar Alam is a historian trained at Jamia Millia Islamia (New Delhi), Aligarh Muslim University and Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi), where he obtained his doctorate in history in 1977. Before joining the SALC at the University of Chicago in 2001, he taught at the Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, and has held visiting positions in the Collège de France (Paris), Leiden University, University of Wisconsin–Madison, and the EHESS (Paris).
Professor Alam has taught courses on the history of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire, and he has also worked closely with students on advanced Urdu and Persian literary and historical texts. His working languages include English, Persian, French, and Urdu.
- Writing the Mughal World: Studies in Culture and Politics (With Sanjay Subrahmanyam) (New York: Columbia University Press, 2011)
- Indo-Persian Travels in the Age of Discovery: 1400-1800 (With Sanjay Subrahmanyam) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007)
- The Languages of Political Islam in India: c. 1200-1800 (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2004)
- A European Experience of the Mughal Orient (with Seema Alavi) (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2001)
- The Mughal State 1526-1750 (edited with Sanjay Subrahmanyam) (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998)
- The Crisis of Empire in Mughal North India (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1986)