Muzaffarabad

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Muzaffarabad
مُظفّرآباد
City
Muzaffarabad.jpg
Muzaffarabad is located in Azad Kashmir
Muzaffarabad
Muzaffarabad
Muzaffarabad is located in Pakistan
Muzaffarabad
Muzaffarabad
Coordinates: 34°21′30″N 73°28′20″E / 34.35833°N 73.47222°E / 34.35833; 73.47222Coordinates: 34°21′30″N 73°28′20″E / 34.35833°N 73.47222°E / 34.35833; 73.47222
Country  Pakistan
Territory  Azad Kashmir
Area
 • Total 1,642 km2 (634 sq mi)
Elevation 737 m (2,418 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 686,928
 • Density 418/km2 (1,080/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+05:00)
Calling code 05822
Website Muzaffarabad Local Government
Muzaffarabad
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
94
 
 
15
1
 
 
135
 
 
15
3
 
 
156
 
 
22
8
 
 
122
 
 
26
13
 
 
80
 
 
31
16
 
 
107
 
 
33
19
 
 
327
 
 
32
21
 
 
249
 
 
31
21
 
 
108
 
 
30
17
 
 
51
 
 
28
12
 
 
35
 
 
22
6
 
 
77
 
 
16
2
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [1][2]

Muzaffarabad (Urdu: مُظفَّرآباد‎; Pahari, Potwari: مُظفٌر آباد) is the capital of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan.

It is located in Muzaffarabad District on the banks of the Jhelum and Neelum rivers. The district is bounded by Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa in the west, by the Kupwara and Baramulla districts of Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir in the east, and the Neelum District of Azad Kashmir in the north.

History[edit]

The original name of Muzaffarabad was Udabhanda.[3][citation needed]

Hieun tsang, the celebrated Buddhist pilgrim who is said to have visited the valley in 633 A.D mentions Pan-nu-tso, i.e., modern day Punch, Ho-lo-she-pu-to i.e. modern day Rajauri. He entered the valley via Baramula gorge.[4]

Udabhanda was the capital of the Shahi dynasty. The Shahi (Devanagari शाही), also called Shahiya,[5][6] dynasties ruled portions of the Kabul Valley (in eastern Afghanistan) and the old province of Gandhara (northern Pakistan and Kashmir) from the decline of the Kushan Empire in third century to the early ninth century.[6] The kingdom was known as Kabul-shahan or Ratbel-shahan (565–670 CE) when they had their capitals in Kapisa and Kabul, and later Udabhandapura (also known as Hund)[7] for its new capital. The term Shahi is the title of the rulers, likely related to the Kushan form Shao[6] or Persian form Shah and refers to a series of 60 rulers probably descended from the Kushans or Turks (Turshkas).[6]

Muzaffarabad is at the confluence of the Jhelum and Neelum rivers. It is 138 km from Rawalpindi and about 76 km from Abbottabad. The present name of Muzaffarabad has been given to it after the name of Sultan Muzaffar Khan, a chief of Bomba Dynasty (1652). There are two forts, Red and Black, on the opposite sides of river Neelum. The Neelum river streams through the town, joins the river Jhelum at Domel and plays a dominant role in the micro-climate of Muzaffarabad.[8][not in citation given]

2005 Kashmir earthquake[edit]

The city was the site of the epicenter of the 2005 Kashmir earthquake, which occurred on October 8, 2005 and had a magnitude of 7.6. The disaster destroyed 50% of the buildings in the city (including most of the official buildings) and is estimated to have killed up to 80,000 people in the Pakistani-controlled areas of Kashmir. As of 8 October 2005 the Pakistani government's official death toll was 87,350. Some estimates put the death toll over 100,000.[9]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Muzaffarabad district

The district of Muzaffarabad is administratively subdivided into 02 tehsils, which are sub-divided into 25 Union Councils[10]

Language and demography[edit]

Pahari, Potohari, Majhi, Chhachi and Gojri dialects of Punjabi and Kashmiri are the predominant languages of the district. Other languages spoken include Urdu, Shina and Balti.

The population of the district according to the 1998 census was 725,000 and according to the 1999 projection its population stood at 741,000.

Politics[edit]

Muzaffarabad city has one legislative constituency in Legislative Assembly of Azad Jammu & Kashmir i.e. LA-26 currently held by Barrister Iftikhar Ali Gillani of PML-N.

Transport[edit]

The closest railway stations are Murree in Pakistan and Baramulla in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.[11] Jammu and Kashmir ex-chief Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad said that he intended to extend the Kashmir railway to Muzaffarabad, to facilitate movement of people and goods much easier across the LoC Line of Control.[12]

Health[edit]

In Muzaffarabad there are 2 public Sector Hospitals with 550 beds, 4 RHCs with 48 beds and 27 BHUs/Dispensaries with 74 beds. City has 161 doctors, 105 Nurses, 2 Pharmacists, 2 Drug Inspectors, 2 Health Education officer, 56 Health Teacher/MCH/L.H.V & 95 Mid wives.

Education[edit]

According to the Pakistan District Education Rankings 2016, Muzaffarabad is ranked 37 in national rankings and 10th in provincial rankings with 73.09, 68.53, 54.35, 79.74 and 89.74 in Education Score, Enrollment Score, Learning Score, Retention Score and Gender Parity Score respectively.[13]

Muzaffarabad District has 641 Primary Schools, 134 Middle Schools, 130 Secondary Schools & 11 Higher Secondary Schools. Out of Which 502 are boys schools & 532 are girls schools. Number of teachers is 1280 in Primary schools, 926 in Middle schools, 1712 in Secondary schools & 135 in higher secondary schools out of which 1780 are Female teachers & 2273 are male teachers

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muzaffarabad at Sunmap. Sunmap.eu. Retrieved on 2012-07-03.
  2. ^ World Weather Information Service. Worldweather.wmo.int (2006-10-05). Retrieved on 2012-07-03.
  3. ^ "The original name of Muzaffarabad was Udabhanda.". cleanpakistan.org. 
  4. ^ Poonam, Chaudhary (2005) A study of cultural routes of Jammu Region. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting – conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17–21 Oct 2005, Xi'an, China.
  5. ^ Sehrai, Fidaullah (1979). Hund: The Forgotten City of Gandhara, p. 1. Peshawar Museum Publications New Series, Peshawar.
  6. ^ a b c d "Shahi Family". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 16 Oct 2006.
  7. ^ Sehrai, Fidaullah (1979). Hund: The Forgotten City of Gandhara, p. 2. Peshawar Museum Publications New Series, Peshawar.
  8. ^ "Muzaffarabad". tourism.gov.pk. 
  9. ^ Stuart, Julia. (2006-01-01) IoS Appeal: Last chance to donate to quake victims. News.independent.co.uk. Retrieved on 2012-07-03.
  10. ^ Information about SPs District Muzaffarabad
  11. ^ Google Maps. Maps.google.co.uk. Retrieved on 2012-07-03.
  12. ^ Azad's Vision: A train to Muzaffarabad. News.oneindia.in (2007-07-17). Retrieved on 2012-07-03.
  13. ^ [1]

External links[edit]