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Sugar Bowl of India
Muzaffarnagar is located in Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates: 29°28′56″N 77°42′00″E / 29.482217°N 77.700116°E / 29.482217; 77.700116Coordinates: 29°28′56″N 77°42′00″E / 29.482217°N 77.700116°E / 29.482217; 77.700116
StateUttar Pradesh
First Settled1399
Incorporated as City1826
Founded bySaiyed Muzaffar Ali khan
Named forSaiyed Muzaffar Ali khan
 • BodyMunicipal Board of Muzaffarnagar
 • District MagistrateChandra Bhushan Singh IAS[1]
 • Member of Parliament, Lok SabhaSanjeev Kumar Balyan (BJP)
 • Member of Legislative Assembly Kapil Dev Agarwal (BJP)
 • Total204.8 km2 (79.1 sq mi)
 • Length16.3 km (10.1 mi)
 • Width16 km (10 mi)
267 m (876 ft)
 • Total495,543
 • Rank15 (In U.P.)
 • Density2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)
 • City
 • OfficialHindi,English and Urdu
 • Literacy rate87.15
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0131
Vehicle registrationUP-12
First newspaperDainik Dehat (est. 1936)

Muzaffarnagar (audio speaker iconpronunciation ) is a city under Muzaffarnagar Urban Metropolitan Region and is controlled by municipal board in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the headquarters of the Muzaffarnagar district. It is situated midway on Delhi - Haridwar/Dehradun National Highway (NH 58), the city is also well connected with the national railway network. It is known as sugarbowl of UP.

The city previously called Sarwat(Established During Mughal Period) is located in the middle of highly fertile upper Ganga-Yamuna Doab region and is very near to the New Delhi and Saharanpur, making it one of the most developed and prosperous cities of Uttar Pradesh. It comes under the Saharanpur division . This city is part of Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) and Amritsar Delhi Kolkata Industrial Corridor (ADKIC). It share its border with state of Uttarakhand. It is the principal commercial, industrial and educational hub of Western Uttar Pradesh. As of July 2021, Chandra Bhushan Singh, IAS is the District Magistrate of Muzaffarnagar.[1]

          Before the Sarwat established by Mughala, Muzaffarnagar city is a rural area known as Aryapuri situated itself in the city presently area of aryapuri surrounding by one temple; the Hindu priest well known for wisdom; told as stories of various Hindu King justification in form of stories.  the wisdom of science avilable of that time were also hold in many stories, the most of stories are based on human efforts against the odd, most valued stories of Panchtantra originates from that time present priest. This because the Chatritya those were involved in the security of temple & the Hindu King used to keep the specific pet "Chitta" for security & keep fit them salves safe, the evolve of Sports for even girls are the main stream of Hindu sports culture to keep fit the socity of that time, later these efforts become various village society & there effort were become there survival instinct.

the effort made by chatriya were also parts of that time stories.

During Mughal migration with army of Mughal in India the Brahmin & chatriya were left the temple & surrounding area & their home, divided in different direction like a sun spreading light's rays of hope separated fall in the forest thus the Mughal easily captured the village /town at that period "Aryapuri" later Mughal follow them to adjust with the Hindu religion during Birtania kingdom over take from Mughal as ruler, to understand these situation the various village established at different arc of 360 degree surroding Muzaffarnagar is the research able; as that time need & socio-economy adjustment with the reforms of Mughal kingdom later Britania kingdom is the evidence of evolving sarwat now as Muzaffarnagar.
         By: "A longitudinal studies of Indian Athletics" Pramod Kumar Singh (IAAF Lecturer), Muzaffarnagar.


The town (called Sarwat) was Established in 1633 by the son of a Mughal Commander Sayyid Muzaffar Khan during the reign of Shah Jahan.In 1947,When the country got independence Indian flag was hoisted for the first time in the Muzaffarnagar City.[4]

In 1901, during the British Raj, it was a district in the Meerut Division in United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.[5]

On October 18, 1976, during "The Emergency, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's suspension of democracy in India, between 25 and 30 people protesting against compulsory sterilization were killed when Uttar Pradesh police fired into the crowd. [6]

2013 Muzaffarnagar riots[edit]

The 2013 Muzaffarnagar riots between Hindus and Muslims resulted in 62 deaths.[7]

According to a May 2015 report in India Today:

Shamli and adjoining Muzaffarnagar districts are considered sensitive ever since large-scale communal violence erupted in August and September 2013. More than 50 people had died and over 50,000 were rendered homeless ... The riot that ensued had engulfed many districts of western UP.[8]

Some politicians have demanded that the city name be changed from Muzaffarnagar to Lakshminagar.[9]


Muzaffarnagar is 272 meters above sea level[10] in the Doab region of Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is 125 kilometres north east of the national capital, New Delhi, and 200 kilometres south east of Chandigarh, and near to Roorkee, Saharanpur, Meerut & Bijnor.


Muzaffarnagar has a monsoon influenced humid subtropical climate characterised by much hot summers and cooler winters. Summers last from early April to late June and are extremely hot. The monsoon arrives in late June and continues till the middle of September. Temperatures drop slightly, with plenty of cloud cover but with higher humidity. Temperatures rise again in October and the city then has a mild, dry winter season from late October to the middle of March. June is the warmest month of the year.[citation needed]

The temperature in June averages 30.2 °C. In January, the average temperature is 12.5 °C. It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year. The average annual temperature in Muzaffarnagar is 24.2 °C. The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded in Muzaffarnagar are 45 °C (113 °F) on 29 May 1994 and −0.9 °C (30.4 °F) respectively. The rainfall averages 929 mm. The driest month is November, with 8 mm of rain. Highest precipitation falls in July, with an average of 261.4 mm.[citation needed]

Climate data for Muzaffarnagar (1981–2010, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.9
Average high °C (°F) 19.2
Average low °C (°F) 5.8
Record low °C (°F) −0.9
Average rainfall mm (inches) 25.1
Average rainy days 1.9 2.5 2.2 1.2 2.1 4.4 9.5 9.9 5.5 1.1 0.5 1.1 42.0
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 58 51 45 31 34 48 69 72 65 54 54 58 53
Source: India Meteorological Department[11]


Religion in Muzaffarnagar (2011)[12]

  Hinduism (55.79%)
  Islam (41.39%)
  Jainism (1.76%)
  Other (2%)

As of the 2011 census, Muzaffar Nagar municipality had a population of 392,451[2] and the urban agglomeration had a population of 494,792.[3] The municipality had a sex ratio of 897 females per 1,000 males and 12.2% of the population were under six years old.[2] Effective literacy was 80.99%; male literacy was 85.82% and female literacy was 75.65%.[2]

The city has 55.79% Hindus, 41.39% Muslims, 1.7% Jains, 0.67% Sikhs, 0.67% Buddhists and 0.17% Christians[12]

Muzaffarnagar city is governed by Municipal Council which comes under the remit of the Muzaffarnagar Urban Agglomeration. The city's population is 392,451; the urban/metropolitan population is 494,792, of which 261,338 are males and 233,454 are females.[citation needed]


Khari Boli, a Hindi dialect, is the native tongue of the city which resembles the Haryanvi dialect of Hindi. Day to day, people speak both in English & Hindi.


Sugar and jaggery production are important industries in the district. As a result of the farming activities around, the city is an important hub of jaggery trading business.[13]

Muzaffarnagar is an industrial city with sugar, steel and paper being the major industries. District Muzaffarnagar has 8 sugar mills. More than 40% of the region's population is engaged in agriculture. According to Economic Research firm Indicus Analytics, Muzaffarnagar has the highest agricultural GDP in Uttar Pradesh, as well as UP's largest granary.[citation needed]


Muzaffaranagar has both public and private healthcare system. The District hospital is the major government hospital in the city along with several general practitioners in the city. The city is also catered by a private medical college (Muzaffarnagar Medical College) on the outskirts of the city.


Bada Darwaza in vill. Kakrauli Front Gate
Shiv Chowk
St. John's Church
Railway Station

Muzaffarnagar is well connected by road and railway networks. The Ghaziabad - Saharanpur line passes through the city thus forming the backbone of the long-distance and best possible travel from the city. Indian Railways provides connections to New Delhi, Western Uttar Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, South India, and other parts of the country. Dehradun Shatabdi Express and Dehradun Jan Shatabdi Express trains pass through and halt at the Muzaffarnagar station. The Meerut - Shaharanpur section of this railway route is now being developed as a part of the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor. The corridor extends from Ludhiana in Punjab to Dankuni in West Bengal.[citation needed]

NH-58 passing through Muzaffarnagar
NH-58 passing through M.Nagar

The National Highway - 58 (NH-58) passes through Muzaffarnagar city. This highway provides connections towards Delhi on the southern direction and upper reaches of the Himalayas in the Uttarakhand state in the northern direction. The highway is the backbone of road transportation for the Muzaffarnagar city as well as the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. Cities and areas of Hardwar, Rishikesh, Dehradun as well as Badrinath and Kedarnath are served by this highway.[citation needed]

City transportation mostly consists of tricycles and 3-wheeled vehicles, rickshaws. An international airport, Muzaffarnagar International Airport, was proposed in the city in order to reduce the traffic at the Indira Gandhi International Airport, however, the same was transferred to the Jewar Airport.[citation needed]

Environmental concerns[edit]

Muzaffarnagar lies approximately halfway on the road from Delhi to Uttarakhand Rishikesh (the NH-58). As a result, many roadside resorts and eateries have sprung up on the highway near the city. Especially, the town of Khatauli is famed for its canal side forest park named "Cheetal". Once visited for the sight of deer and rabbits and other wild animals, the Cheetal is now encroached by privately owned dhabas and resorts thus sidelining the animals.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Who's Who". Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  4. ^ "Muzaffarnagar City". Imperial Gazetteer of India, Digital South Asia Library, Volume 18. 1909. p. 93. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  5. ^ Muzaffarnagar District The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 18, p. 83.
  6. ^ [ "Emergency excesses still haunt Khalapar", by Mohammad Ali, '"The Hindu (Chennai, Tamil Nadu), July 1, 2015
  7. ^ "Government releases data of riot victims identifying religion". The Times of India. 24 September 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  8. ^ "Western Uttar Pradesh tense after communal violence in Shamli". India Today. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
  9. ^ Rashid, Omar (10 November 2018). "U.P. cities renaming: Muzaffarnagar, Agra, Sultanpur likely in list". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Muzaffarnagar, India". Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  11. ^ "Station: Muzaffarnagar Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 515–516. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015.
  13. ^ "Muzaffarnagar clashes sour its famed jaggery business". India Times. 19 September 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  14. ^ "Elections: Uttar Pradesh Assembly". Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  15. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]