Muzaffarpur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Muzaffarpur district.
Muzaffarpur
मुज़फ्फरपुर
مظفر پور
Metropolitan City
Skyline of Muzaffarpur
Nickname(s): Land of Litchi
Country  India
State Bihar
District Muzaffarpur district
Government
 • Mayor, Dept Mayor Varsha Singh, Syed Majid Hussain
Area
 • Total 3,172 km2 (1,225 sq mi)
Elevation 60 m (200 ft)
Languages
 • Spoken Hindi, Bajjika, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 842001-05
Telephone code 0621
Vehicle registration BR-06
Sex ratio (females per 1,000 males) 890 /
Literacy 85.16%
Lok Sabha constituency Muzaffarpur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Muzaffarpur
Website muzaffarpur.bih.nic.in

Muzaffarpur (About this sound pronunciation ) is a city in Muzaffarpur district in Bajjikanchal region of Bihar. It also serves as the headquarters of Muzaffarpur district and Tirhut division.[1]

Muzaffarpur is famous for Shahi lychees and is known as the "Lychee Kingdom".[2] It is situated on the banks of the perennial Burhi Gandak River, which flows from the Someshwar Hills[3] of Himalayas.

Geography[edit]

Muzaffarpur is located at 26°07′N 85°24′E / 26.12°N 85.4°E / 26.12; 85.4.[4] The city lies in a highly active seismic zone of India. In the disastrous earthquake on 15 January 1934, much of the town suffered severe damage and many lives were lost.[5] It has an average elevation of 47 meters (154 feet). This saucer shaped, low-centered town lies on the great Indo-Gangetic plains of Bihar, over Himalayan silt and sand brought by the glacier-fed and rain-fed meandering rivers of the Himalayas.

Chakkar Maidan has a small encampment of members of the Territorial Army[6] non-departmental unit 151 Inf Bn (TA) JAT.

Climate[edit]

The summer, between April and June, is extremely hot and humid (28/40 °C,90% Max.) and winter is pleasantly cool, around 06/20 °C.

Climate data for Muzaffarpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22
(72)
26
(79)
32
(90)
37
(99)
44
(111)
40
(104)
36
(97)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
29
(84)
24
(75)
32.3
(90.2)
Average low °C (°F) 06
(43)
12
(54)
17
(63)
22
(72)
25
(77)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
22
(72)
15
(59)
07
(45)
19.3
(66.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12
(0.47)
17
(0.67)
7
(0.28)
16
(0.63)
42
(1.65)
185
(7.28)
339
(13.35)
259
(10.2)
242
(9.53)
39
(1.54)
17
(0.67)
7
(0.28)
1,182
(46.55)
Source: Muzaffarpur Weather

Lychee[edit]

Lychee garden in Muzaffarpur

The litchi crop, which is available from May to June, is mainly cultivated in the districts of Muzaffarpur and surrounding districts, in an area of about 25,800 hectare producing about 300,000 tonnes every year. Lychee is exported to big cities like Bombay, Kolkata and to other countries. India's share in the world litchi market amounts to less than 1%. The names of the litchi produced in Muzaffarpur are Shahi and China. The fruits are known for excellent aroma and quality.[7]

Bihar has emerged as brewery hub with major domestic and foreign firms setting up production units in the state. Vijay Mallya's group, United Breweries Group, is setting up a production unit to make litchi-flavoured wine, in Muzaffarpur in 2012. The company has leased litchi gardens.[8]

A view of winter morning sunrise from lychee garden in Muzaffarpur

Demographics[edit]

Road connecting New Zero Mile with NH-57 and Muzaffarpur Bypass Road

As of the 2011 India census,[9] Muzaffarpur had a population of 401,938 which has now in 2015 had crossed to about 5 lakhs an still expansion of the city is not included. Males constituted 52.96%(218,509) of the population and females 47.04%(1,90,215). Muzaffarpur had a literacy rate of 85.07%. Male literacy was 88.77%, and female literacy was 80.91%.[10]

Education[edit]

Muzaffarpur has a medical and an engineering college,[11] and has one of the oldest universities of Bihar (Bihar University, now known as B. R. Ambedkar Bihar University). The first president of the Indian Republic, Dr Rajendra Prasad was a teacher in the Langat Singh College, Muzaffarpur.[12]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://tirhut-muzaffarpur.bih.nic.in
  2. ^ Destinations :: Vaishali ::Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation. Bstdc.bih.nic.in. Retrieved on 2011-01-09.
  3. ^ "bihar". Scribd.com. Retrieved 2014-08-02. 
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Muzaffarpur
  5. ^ Bihar India Earthquake Movie, January 15, 1934. Harappa.com (15 January 1934). Retrieved on 2011-01-09.
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ "7. LYCHEE PRODUCTION IN INDIA". Fao.org. 1992-05-31. Retrieved 2014-08-02. 
  8. ^ "Bihar emerging as brewery hub". Economic Times. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  10. ^ Muzaffarpur City Census 2011 data Census2011.co.in
  11. ^ http://www.mitmuzaffarpur.org/
  12. ^ http://www.lscollege.ac.in/

External links[edit]